"Let them transfer"

The challenge of second-order team training in socio-ecological integrated management

Nils Ferrand, Géraldine Abrami, Wanda Aquae-Gaudi

UMR/JRU G-EAU Managing Water, Stakeholders & Uses

IRSTEA : French National Institute for Research and Technology on Environment and Agriculture - Montpellier, FRANCE

www.irstea.fr

Pour mieux affirmer
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Take-Home Insights

→ « Let them transfer» to learn how to change

  • 2nd order transfer as a strategy to foster better methodological integration and wider social extension
  • Adapted to complex methodological sequences
  • Tested in various cultural contexts
  • Issues with meta-rules and validity constraints

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ECOSUMMIT

2016

Background & context

  • International applied research on multi-level governance and management, incl. social extension goals
    • Water & other Nat Res focus
  • CoOPLAaGE approach & toolkit development since 2007, with 110 Wat-A-Game case studies, worldwide
      • Cf. ECOS16 S10.14, Ferrand & alii, « Coupling […] »
      • > 3500 users, 350 trainees in 2015
  • Education / training on participatory methods & decision procedures, not on substantive « solutions »
  • All levels, all types of trainees (ministers, PMs, managers, scientists, citizens, students, pupils…)

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2016

A typical process

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ECOSUMMIT

2016

e.g. Natural Resource Management
in Africa (FP7 Afromaison 2011-2014)

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Co-design the process itself

Share equity preferences

Propose actions
Build and assess integrated strategies

Build own model
Simulate new actions and norms

Agriculture intensification and soil degradation in uncertain land tenure context

Proposal and validation of INRM plan in context of overexploitation of land and resources

Source: E. Hassenforder, 2015

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ECOSUMMIT

2016

As multi-stakeholders process, coupling tools (Uganda)

Source: E. Hassenforder 2015

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2016

Toward « deep » resilience and autonomy

  • Aiming at communities & institutions able to adapt and revise their own boundaries, within their own pre-set (i.e. fair) procedural / deliberative rules

= assess own situation & compare with values

= discuss goals, actions (options) and strategies

= assess possible consequences

= choose

= implement

= monitor & evaluate

→ → → capacity to analyse, decide & act, minimizing « external » dependency = autonomy (Castoriadis, Varela)

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ECOSUMMIT

2016

Challenge: let them learn to change, if they wish

  • Support social change about practices, norms and deliberations on… change !
    • Focus on socio-ecological processes
  • But limited means, time, human resources to do it
  • Cultural, linguistic, legitimacy, relational barriers (for « us »)
  • And social change IS challenging

  • How can we support such large social change?

>>>Tested strategy = 2nd order transfer

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ECOSUMMIT

2016

2nd order transfer

  • Getting some selected actors’ groups to quickly learn how to teach others in their own social environment how to address change

« Us » → « transfer group » → general population

→ Research on methods and tools to facilitate this process, and evaluate its impact at larger scale

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ECOSUMMIT

2016

Recent cases

  • Uganda (FP7 Afromaison): 3rd order: us → 2 champions → 32 facilitators → ~1500 participants in 300 reg. events
  • Kenya (IMAWESA IFAD-IWMI): us → 9 traineers → 2 community groups → … ?
  • New-Caledonia (Fonds Pacifique): us → 7 traineers → 5 working groups
  • Costa-Rica & Nicaragua: us → 9+3 traineers → 4+3 transfer groups
  • Kiribatis (Fonds Pacifique): us → 3 traineers → 5 target groups
  • France (MSc courses): us → 22 + 80 students → 15 external extension groups

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ECOSUMMIT

2016

Main protocol

  • « We » identify group level 1 (« traineers »)
  • Practical training on methods applied to the local real case study
  • Self-test
  • « They » select & engage their transfer groups
  • « They » repeat the process toward the transfer groups, under our loose coaching
  • Evaluation and debriefing
  • Autonomous extension under monitoring and evaluation

TOTAL timing ph 1-6 : 2 weeks maximum

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ECOSUMMIT

2016

Key results & insights

  • Low control on final result… (« lâcher prise »)
  • Methods and tools must be free, adaptable, robust
  • Level 1 group selection is critical: for engagement, social position, freedom of innovation, stability
  • Targets « traineers » groups mainly: mutual support
  • Trade-off between accuracy & completeness vs. adaptability, relevance & quick delivery to be accepted
  • 2nd order challenge to be known early & planned
  • Legitimacy issues for more technocratic target groups
  • Process robust to cultural / context diversity
  • In Uganda, demonstrated multi-level transfer
  • Monitoring & evaluation critical but (as usual) tricky to get accepted and autonomized

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ECOSUMMIT

2016

Conclusions & perspectives

  • A general process minimizing cost vs. impact for socio-environmental transformative processes
  • Adapted to low-tech open methods & tools
  • Can cope with complexity, but requires good 1st lv group

Ongoing developments:

  • Digital strategy (AgreenCamp) → e-learning for 2nd order transfer challenges & groups training
  • Improving material attached to CoOPLAaGE toolkit
  • Phd on M&E of groups’ impacts

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ECOSUMMIT

2016

2d order outscaling by training facilitators and full transfer

  • A wide international multi-level training program (2015: 350)
  • Training trainers by letting them « do » CoOPLAaGE on their own case study AND directly test it with a test group

(cf. ECOS S08-25 Let them transfer": The challenge of second-order team training in socio-ecological integrated management. Session 180 Aug 30, 15:15 Joffre)

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ecosummit-2ordertransfer.pptx - Google Slides