Active Strategies with Primary Sources
Active Strategies with Primary Sources
Students in social studies are being required more than ever to demonstrate their knowledge of history and not just show basic recall. The primary tool with which students are being asked to work are primary sources. From documents to artifacts and cartoons to images, teachers are needing to find ways to help their students "show what they know". In this session teachers will see how to get their classes active by making students interact with sources.
Stress how Vertical Alignment helps so students (Interactive notebook)
Silk Road QR
Ryan O’Donnell April Kenitzer
California Council for Social Studies
Why Use Primary Sources?
You teach social studies? You really need to know the why?
Primary sources tell us the stories of the past, taking into account various factors:
Students must BECOME a detective…
Inquiry around the 5 W’s
Written Primary Sources
SOAPSTone link to this strategy
•Subject & Source—What and Who?
•Occasion—Context: What caused this?
•Audience—Who is this directed toward?
•Purpose—What was the intent?
•Significance—What effect did this have?
•Tone - The meaning, feeling, or intonation
Patrick Henry - Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death
A speech at the. Virginia Ratifying Convention on June 5th, 1778.
They tell us, sir, that we are weak; unable to cope with so formidable an adversary. But when shall we be stronger? Will it be the next week, or the next year? Will it be when we are totally disarmed, and when a British guard shall be stationed in every house? Shall we gather strength by irresolution and inaction? Shall we acquire the means of effectual resistance, by lying supinely on our backs, and hugging the delusive phantom of hope, until our enemies shall have bound us hand and foot? Sir, we are not weak, if we make a proper use of those means which the God of nature hath placed in our power. Three millions of people, armed in the holy cause of liberty, and in such a country as that which we possess, are invincible by any force which our enemy can send against us. Besides, sir, we shall not fight our battles alone. There is a just God who presides over the destinies of nations; and who will raise up friends to fight our battles for us. The battle, sir, is not strong alone; it is to the vigilant, the active, the brave. Besides, sir, we have no election. If we were base enough to desire it, it is now too late to retire from the contest. There is no retreat, but in submission and slavery! Our chains are forged! Their clanking may be heard on the plains of Boston! The war is inevitable - and let it come! I repeat, sir, let it come!
C-Circle unfamiliar words
A-Ask questions ?
T-Talk to the text -This article is awesome!
C-Capture the main idea #histroyrules
H-Highlight the significant details History is awesome!
Visual Primary Sources
Cartoons are HARD!!!
Hard to understand
Hard to grasp the point
Hard to understand prior knowledge
Hard to get any attempt at humor
REALLY hard to draw your own
FIND IMPERALISM CARTOON EXAMPLE
Strategies for using cartoons
#1) Cartoon Checklist
#2) Create Captions
Demo how to do captions - use color wheel to match color.
Show how to screen shot and put this a test
Use this with paitnings
Or with photos
And try other shapes too
Shouldn’t I just have them CREATE a cartoon themselves?
#3) What Came Next
By: Ryan O’Donnell
Paintings and Photographs
The Strike – Robert Kohler
Try using this painting titled “Manifest Destiny” to try this on your own.
Step 1: (I’ve done this for you already) Draw a rectangle covering the bottom right quadrant of the painting and make the color black
Step 2: Add an animation -> Fadeout, On Click
Step 3: Repeat this for the other quadrants, leaving the space with the woman uncovered
Step 4: Do one more shape covering her
Go back to this?
So… what do we do instead?
Bring double the passion, and half the content.
Ignite discussion, don’t replace it
Start at 12:30: Passion
Here’s what happened to me!
Notice the HEAVY use of IMAGES - Transition to VISUALS
Interactive Notebooks: Constantly working with your work