Important Figures on American Literature

Listen to the introduction lecture to a course on American Literature, and fill in the table below using one to three words for each gap.

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    Transcendentalism

    Time Period: 1830s – 1860s Origins: New _____(1)______; the north eastern part of the US Core Beliefs and Important Figures: > People can achieve spirituality without ________(2)________. > People are responsible for their own development. > Ralph Waldo Emerson: published Nature in ____(3)______.
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    Romanticism

    Time Period: 1830s – 1870s Origins: Germany and ___(4)___ Core Beliefs and Important Figures: > Focus on imagination and strong emotions. > American works also typically include the supernatural and focus on human _____(5)_______. > Edgar Allen Poe: best known for tales of ______(6)______
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    Realism

    Time Period: __(7)__s – 1920s Origins: France Core Beliefs and Important Figures > Focus on events that were ___(8)____ and typical rather than extraordinary. Many writers were also concerned with social change like _____(9)________. > Mark Twain: Wrote about ordinary life in the _____(10)____ part of America
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    Naturalism

    Time Period: 1890s – 1920s Origins: ____(11)_____ Core Beliefs and Important Figures: > A person can not escape ____(12)_____. A person’s behaviour is influenced by that person’s ______(13)_____. > Jack London: Humans behave like animals in extreme circumstances.
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    Modernism

    Time Period: 1890s – 1940s Origins: Europe Core Beliefs and Important Figures: > Focus on _____(14)_____. Finding out what doesn’t work and replacing it. > Ezra Pound: Completely changed _____(15)_______.
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    Self Assessment

    Understand how you performed

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