Reading ?'s 32.4, Part II
Excretory System-Ch. 32, Section 4- Part 2- pg.926-929 (15 points)
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1) Review: define nephron.
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2) What are the three steps nephrons use to clean the blood?
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3) What supplies the blood to each nephron?
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4) Define glomerulus.
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5) Describe the Bowman’s Capsule.
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6) What materials (s) are pushed out of the capillary and into the Bowman’s Capsule?
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7) What is urea?
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8) What particles stay in the blood?
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9) What is filtrate?
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10) What happens to most of the filtrate?
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11) How do the nephrons help to maintain your fluid balance?
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12) From what is urine made?
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13) What happens in the loop of Henle?
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14) Where does the remaining urine move? (three places)
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15) What causes the urge to urinate?
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16) For what purpose does the doctor test urine?
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17) If sugars, proteins, or blood is found in the urine, what does this indicate?
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18) What are the most often causes of damage to the nephron?
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19) Too much glucose or high blood pressure causes what to happen to the capillary walls?
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20) What are the treatments for kidney failure?
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21) Why are close relatives used for kidney donation?
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22) A donor recipient will have to take drugs to do what?
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23) What are the effects of these drugs?
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24) Define dialysis.
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25) The dialysis machine acts as what part of the kidney?
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26) Tubing in the dialysis acts as what kidney part?
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27) Dialysis fluid has what purpose?
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28) What is peritoneal dialysis?
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