Jerusalem is of immense religious and thus emotional significance to Jews, Muslims, and Christians alike. It is the focus of national aspirations for both Israelis and Palestinians. We hope one day to see a world in which all inhabitants of the land enjoy equal access to the city’s cultural and material resources. Today, unfortunately, that is not the case.
As the Israeli human rights organization B'Tselem* has documented, Palestinian residents of Jerusalem endure systematic inequalities, including an inequitable distribution of the city's budget and municipal services, routine denial of building permits that are granted to Jewish residents, home demolitions, and legal confiscation of property for Jewish settlement. In addition, Palestinians in the West Bank, unlike Jewish Israelis resident in that territory, require a special permit to visit Jerusalem’s holy sites.
In this context, a declaration from the United States government that appears to endorse sole Jewish proprietorship over Jerusalem adds insult to ongoing injury and is practically guaranteed to fan the flames of violence. We therefore call on the U.S. government to take immediate steps to deescalate the tensions resulting from the President’s declaration and to clarify Palestinians’ legitimate stake in the future of Jerusalem.
1. Deborah Achtenberg, University of Nevada, Reno2. Howard Tzvi Adelman, Queen's University, Kingston, On3. Phyllis Albert, Harvard University4. Ari Ariel, University of Iowa5. Beverly Bailis, Brooklyn College6. Mark Baker, Monash University7. Lawrence Baron, San Diego State University8. Elissa Bemporad, Queens College and The CUNY Graduate Center9. Mara Benjamin, Mount Holyoke College10. Matthew Berkman, University of Pennsylvania11. Joel Berkowitz, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee12. Lila Berman, Temple University13. David Biale, University of California, Davis14. Jeffrey Blutinger, California State University, Long Beach15. Ra'anan Boustan, Princeton University16. Zachary Braiterman, Syracuse University17. Francesca Bregoli, Queens College and The Graduate Center, CUNY18. Emma Brodeur, Syracuse University19. Samuel Brody, University of Kansas20. Jeremy P. Brown, University of San Francisco21. Jonathan Brumberg-Kraus, Wheaton College (MA)22. Debra Caplan, Baruch College, CUNY23. Marc Caplan, Tel Aviv University24. Jessica Carr, Lafayette College25. Flora Cassen, UNC Chapel Hill26. Robert Chazan, New York University27. Geoffrey Claussen, Elon University28. Aryeh Cohen, American Jewish University29. Mara Cohen Ioannides, Missouri State University30. Rebecca Davis, University of Delaware31. Hasia Diner, New York University32. F. W. Dobbs-Allsopp, Princeton Theological Seminary33. Laura Duhan-Kaplan, Vancouver School of Theology34. Jodi Eichler-Levine, Lehigh University35. Elik Elhanan, City College of New York / CUNY36. Barat Ellman, Fordham University37. Barbara Epstein, University of California, Santa Cruz38. Robert Erlewine, Illinois Wesleyan University39. Ayala Fader, Fordham40. Sara Feldman, University of Illinois41. Charlotte Fonrobert, Stanford University42. Sandy Fox, New York University43. Arnold Franklin, Queens College, CUNY44. Ben Freeman, Harvard Divinity School45. Joshua Friedman, Duke University46. Joan Friedman, College of Wooster47. Asia Fruman, Ukrainian Catholic University48. Olga Gershenson, University of Massachusetts49. Maja Gildin Zuckerman, Stanford University50. Sander Gilman, Emory University51. Terri Ginsberg, Formerly Jewish Studies, Dartmouth College52. Shai Ginsburg, Duke University53. Robert Goldenberg, SUNY Stony Brook (Emeritus)54. Evan Goldstein, Yale University55. Andrew Gordon, University of Florida56. Erin Graff Zivin, University of Southern California57. Ronnie Grinberg, University of Oklahoma58. Atina Grossmann, Cooper Union59. Chaya Halberstam, Western University60. Jessica Hammerman, Central Oregon Community College61. Rachel Havrelock, University of Illinois Chicago62. Tim Hegedus, Wilfrid Laurier University63. Elizabeth Heineman, University of Iowa64. Susannah Heschel, Dartmouth College65. Jonathan Hess, UNC Chapel Hill66. Klaus Hoedl, University of Minnesota67. Curtis Hutt, University of Nebraska at Omaha68. Daniel Itzkovitz, Stonehill College69. Jack Jacobs, John Jay College and the Graduate Center, CUNY70. Jonathan Karp, Binghamton University, SUNY71. Claire Katz, Texas A&M72. Ari Y Kelman, Stanford University73. Gwynn Kessler, Swarthmore College74. Rebekah Klein-Pejsova, Purdue University75. Michal Kofman, University of Louisville76. Rachel Kranson, University of Pittsburgh77. Chana Kronfeld, University of California, Berkeley78. Jacob Labendz, Youngstown State University79. Hartley Lachter, Lehigh University80. Yitz Landes, Princeton University81. Timothy Langille, Arizona State University82. Nitzan Lebovic, Lehigh University83. Daniil Leiderman, Texas A&M84. Brian Leonard, Boston College High School85. Rebecca Lesses, Ithaca College86. Maggie Levantovskaya, Santa Clara University87. Daniel Levine, University of Alabama88. Laura Levitt, Temple University89. Lital Levy, Princeton University90. Andrea Lieber, Dickinson College91. Ari Linden, University of Kansas92. Joe Lockard, Arizona State University93. Ian Lustick, University of Pennsylvania94. Peter Machinist, Harvard University95. Lindsay Macumber, Saint Mary's University96. Shaul Magid, Indiana University97. Nadia Malinovich, Sciences Po98. Charles Manekin, University of Maryland99. Barbara Mann, Jewish Theological Seminary100. Samira Mehta, Albright College101. Jeffrey Melnick, University of Massachusetts Boston102. David Meola, University of South Alabama103. Ibrahim Miari, University of Pennsylvania104. Michael Miller, Liverpool Hope university105. Daniel Miller, Bishop's University106. Sarah Anne Minkin, UC Berkeley107. Leslie Morris, University of Minnesota108. Kenneth Moss, The Johns Hopkins University109. Eva Mroczek, UC Davis110. Harriet Murav, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign111. Rachel Neis, University of Michigan112. David Nelson, Bard College113. Judith Newman, University of Toronto114. Louis Newman, Carleton College (Emeritus)115. Anita Norich, University of Michigan116. Jess Olson, Yeshiva University117. Ranen Omer-Sherman, University of Louisville118. Annelise Orleck, Dartmouth College119. Robin Podolsky, California State University, Long Beach120. Hannah Pollin-Galay, Tel Aviv University121. Riv-Ellen Prell, University of Minnesota122. Vadim Putzu, Missouri State University123. Shari Rabin, College of Charleston124. Randi Rashkover, George Mason University125. Elliot Ratzman, Lawrence University126. Meri-Jane Rochelson, Florida International University127. Emily Rogal, Harvard Divinity School128. Na’ama Rokem, University of Chicago129. Michael Rom, Yale University130. Kate Rosenblatt, Emory University131. Jordan Rosenblum, University of Wisconsin-Madison132. Bruce Rosenstock, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign133. Laurence Roth, Susquehanna University134. Michael Rothberg, UCLA135. Adam Rovner, University of Denver136. Nora Rubel, University of Rochester137. Elias Sacks, University of Colorado Boulder138. Allison Schachter, Vanderbilt University139. Alison Schofield, University of Denver140. Benjamin Schreier, Penn State University141. Joshua Schwartz, New York University142. Naomi Seidman, Graduate Theological Union143. Sasha Senderovich, University of Washington, Seattle144. Joshua Shanes, College of Charleston145. Raisa Shapiro, University of Ilinois146. Gail Sherman, Reed College147. Nathaniel Shils, University of Pennsylvania148. Anne Shlay, Georgia State University149. David Shneer, University of Colorado Boulder150. Maeera Shreiber, University of Utah151. Noam Sienna, University of Minnesota152. Larry Silver, University of Pennsylvania153. Lisa Silverman, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee154. Shana Sippy, Centre College155. Andrew Sloin, Baruch College, CUNY156. Rachel Smith, UCLA157. Mark Smith, Princeton Theological Seminary158. David Sorkin, Yale University159. Daniel Soyer, Fordham University160. Scott Spector, University of Michigan161. Loren Spielman, Portland State University162. Gregory Spinner, Skidmore College163. Neta Stahl, Johns Hopkins University164. Deborah Starr, Cornell University165. Richard Steigmann-Gall, Kent State University166. Mira Sucharov, Carleton University167. David Teutsch, Reconstructionist Rabbinical College168. Ruth Tsoffar, University of Michigan169. Irene Tucker, University of California, Irvine170. Alana Vincent, University of Chester, UK171. Burton Visotzky, Jewish Theological Seminary172. Jason von Ehrenkrook, University of Massachusetts Boston173. Anika Walke, Washington University in St. Louis174. Kerry Wallach, Gettysburg College175. Mira Wasserman, Reconstructionist Rabbinical College176. Dov Waxman, Northeastern University177. Liliane Weissberg, University of Pennsylvania178. Beth Wenger, University of Pennsylvania179. Barry Wimpfheimer, Northwestern University180. Diane L. Wolf, UC Davis181. Elliot Wolfson, University of California, Santa Barbara182. Billy Yalowitz, Temple University183. James Young, University of Massachusetts Amherst184. Michael Zank, Boston University185. Saul Zaritt, Harvard University186. Sarah Zarrow, Western Washington University
* See http://www.btselem.org/jerusalem
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