APES AP EXAM REVIEW 3
Los Angeles and Mexico City often suffer from episodes of dense smog. Which atmospheric phenomenon traps the smog in these cities?
A large number of cars in these areas add to the level of primary and secondary pollutants which are concentrated closed to the ground due to density.
Bright sunlight and pollutants create a dense layer of photochemical smog.
Temperatures in the thermosphere increase causing the rapid formation of photochemical smog.
Adiabatic heating increases the rate at which photochemical smog is formed.
A thermal inversion can trap air pollutants close to the ground.
During sewage treatment, what is the solid matter that settles out of the wastewater?
municipal solid waste
A variety of human activities such as agriculture and wastewater treatment processes introduce large amounts of nutrients to our waterways. What do we call the addition of excess nutrients to a body of water?
Our oceans are becoming busy places. Which of the following are MOST disrupted by the noise pollution from sonar and other instrumentation?
the growth of phytoplankton
the migration of North Atlantic cod
the amount of dissolved oxygen in the water
the communication between Humpback whales
the growth rate of sensitive coral species
In 2015, the Dead Zone in the Gulf of Mexico was larger than expected and covered over six thousand square miles. What causes the Gulf of Mexico's Dead Zone?
the Deepwater Horizon oil spill
Which of the following is a greenhouse gas released by livestock?
The Clean Air Act regulates all of the following EXCEPT
stratospheric ozone protection
acid rain deposition and control
motor vehicle emissions and fuel standards
indoor air quality
Which of the following is TRUE about radon?
Radon is a colorless, odorless gas that is formed by the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels.
Radon is used as insulation in buildings.
Radon is the leading cause of lung cancer.
Radon is sprayed on furniture as a fire retardant.
Radon is a colorless, odorless gas that is emitted naturally from bedrock.
Which of the following is a long term impact of noise pollution?
permanent hearing loss
decrease in work productivity
Which of the following is a component of the primary sewage treatment process?
the aeration chamber
a sedimentation tank
sludge drying beds
Which gas is the most abundant gas in the Earth's atmosphere?
Which of the following is NOT a problem caused by the burning of fossil fuels?
creation of acid rain
increase carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
release of mercury in the atmosphere
Under the Clean Air Act, which is NOT a criteria air pollutant?
Which of the following is NOT a primary air pollutant?
What is the purpose of integrated waste management?
To provide companies with a life-cycle analysis of the products they manufacture.
To provide a comprehensive program of waste reduction, recycling, composting, and disposal that protects human and environmental health.
To provide urban areas the information and mechanisms to collect, classify, sort, and distribute waste into an area of land designated as a landfill.
To provide a system of collection and disposal methods for developing nations to convert open dump landfills into modern sanitary landfills.
To provide citizens a variety of methods to safely dispose of their waste.
When testing waterways for contamination with fecal matter, which pathogen is often used as an indicator species?
Which of the following is an anthropogenic source of sulfur dioxide?
burning of coal
What causes red tide?
harmful algal blooms
the phenomenon known as blue moon
inverse gravitational pull on oceans
warming ocean waters in the tropics
Electronic waste is approximately 2% of the total solid waste in the United States. But, it accounts for almost 70% of the toxic materials found there. One way to reduce E-waste is to recycle old or unused electronic components. Which of the following substances would NOT be considered hazardous waste that can come from E-waste?
Gases and particles released into the air by various sources are known as
Which of the following is NOT a true statement in regards to sulfur dioxide (SO2)?
SO2 is produced by volcanic eruptions
SO2 is emitted by the combustion of coal for electriticy generation
SO2 is a component of photochemical smog
SO2 is a primary air pollutant
SO2 can react with water to acidify lakes and streams
The following are examples of non-point source pollution EXCEPT
ballast water discharge
pet waste from yard
storm water runoff from the interstate
Anthropogenic activities release a great deal of air pollution. There are also natural sources of air pollutants. Which statement about natural sources of air pollution is NOT correct?
Nitrogen oxides are created during lightning strikes.
Volcanoes release sulfur dioxide.
Forest fires create particulate matter.
Pine trees release volatile organic compounds.
Plants release carbon dioxide during photosynthesis.
All of the following things happen in a waste-to-energy incinerator EXCEPT
concentration of hazardous or toxic materials in ash
municipal solid waste being incinerated
UV light or chlorine gas being used as a disinfectant
water being heated until it becomes steam
ash being taken to a conventional landfill
Which of the following is correct about pollution prevention methods in a sanitary landfill?
Clay is used as a liner because it is permeable to water.
Leachate is the gaseous byproduct of decomposition.
Ground water monitoring is necessary to ensure that liquid byproducts of decomposition do not reach aquifers.
Methane gas is added to the landfill to increase the rate of decomposition.
A leachate treatment system treats the gases before releasing them into the atmosphere.
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