Odyssey Test
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1. Which of the following is NOT true of The Iliad and The Odyssey? *
2. Which of the following is a heroic action in The Iliad? Select all that apply. *
Required
3. Which of the following is NOT an example of the gods' interaction/interference in The Iliad? *
4. Which epic convention can be seen in this image depicting the fight between Hector and Achilles? Check all that apply. *
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5. Which of the following provides evidence that the setting of The Odyssey is appropriate for an epic. *
6. Because Odysseus is the hero of The Odyssey, what can we conclude about Greek culture (remember what's true about epic heroes)? *
7. Which of the following shows intelligence in the form of hindsight according to the heroic code? (Hint: Verb tense is important.) *
8. "Not for the whole treasure of your fathers, all you enjoy, lands, flocks, or any gold put up by others, would I hold my hand. There will be killing till the score is paid. You forced yourselves upon this house. Fight your way out, or run for it, if you think you'll escape death. I doubt one man of you skins by." *
Read this passage from Book 22 of The Odyssey. Which element of the heroic code is on display?
9. Which of the following is an example of an archetype? *
10. "Odysseus' arrow hit him under the chin and punched up to the feathers through his throat. Backward and down he went, letting the wine cup fall from his shocked hand. Like pipes his nostrils jetted crimson runnels, a river of mortal red, and one last kick upset his table knocking the bread and meat to soak in dusty blood." *
Which theme from The Odyssey is best demonstrated in lines 14-20 of Book 22?
11. Which of the following quotes is an example of hospitality in The Odyssey? Choose all that apply. *
Required
12. This quote from Book 11 is an example of what? *
"Son of Laertes..., Odysseus, master of land ways and sea ways, why leave the blazing sun, O man of woe...?"
13. Look at your answer for #12. How many examples of that term can be found in the quote? *
"Son of Laertes..., Odysseus, master of land ways and sea ways, why leave the blazing sun, O man of woe...?"
14. Why is it ironic that in Book 21 Penelope has given up on Odysseus returning home? *
15. Which theme from The Odyssey is best illustrated by the image? *
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16. Book 1 is an example of which epic convention? *
17. Book 1 contains lofty language. *
18. In Book 5, Hermes shows up in order to have a discussion with Calypso. What can the reader infer about Hermes' "job" based on this situation? *
19. "So wand in hand he paced into the air, shot from Pieria down, down to sea level, and veered to skim the swell." *
Which of the following is the best paraphrase of lines 7-9 from Book 5?
20. "The strong god glittering left he as he spoke, and now her ladyship, having given heed to Zeus's mandate, went to find Odysseus in his stone seat to seaward--tear on tear brimming in his eyes. The sweet days of his life time were running out in anguish over his exile, for long ago the nymph had ceased to please. Though he fought shy of her and her desire, he lay with her each night, for she compelled him." *
What is the irony in these lines from Book 5?
21. Odysseus tells Calypso that he is choosing Penelope over her. How does his response show intelligence? *
22. Which of the following is not an allusion from The Odyssey? *
23. Which option below provides the best evidence to support the claim that Homer used IMAGERY to tell how Odysseus defeated the Cyclops. *
24. What type of literary device is this line taken from Book 9? *
“ ...we saw a cavern yawning above water, screened with laurel…”
25. What is the meaning of the word VICTUALS in the following line from Book 9? *
“A wineskin full I brought along, and VICTUALS in a bag, for in my bones I knew some towering brute would be upon us soon--all outward power, a wild man, ignorant of civility.”
26. Why does Odysseus lie to the Cyclops about his ship? *
27. "Cyclops bellowed and the rock roared round him." *
This line from Book 9 contains what type of figurative language?
28. Lines 234-237 of Book 9 say, “I held this in the fire’s heart and turned it, toughening it, then hid it, well back in the cavern, under one of the dung piles in PROFUSION there.” *
Which image below shows a PROFUSION of dung?
29. "...to call them in. All but Eurylochus--who feared a snare--the innocents went after her." *
In lines 25-26 of Book 10, what trait did Eurylochus demonstrate when he was skeptical about meeting Circe when the other men were excited to meet her?
30. "...there, O my lord, remember me, I pray, do not abandon me unwept, unburied, to tempt the gods' wrath, while you sail for home; but fire my corpse, and all the gear I had, and build a cairn for me above the breakers--an unknown sailor's mark for men to come." *
Read lines 47-52 from Odysseus journey to the Underworld in Book 11. What is Elpenor requesting of Odysseus?
31. "Scylla's legs--and there are twelve--are like great tentacles unjointed, and upon her serpent necks are borne six heads like nightmares of ferocity, with triple serried rows of fangs and deep gullets of black death. Half her length, she sways her heads in air, outside her horrid cleft, hunting the sea around that promontory for dolphins, dogfish, or what bigger game thundering Amphitrite feeds in thousands. And no ship's company can claim to have passed her without loss and grief; she takes, from every ship, one man for every gullet. The opposite point ... Charybdis lurks below to swallow down the dark sea tide. Three times from dawn to dusk she spews it up and sucks it down again three times a whirling maelstrom if you came upon her then the god who makes earth tremble could not save you. No, hug the cliff of Scylla, take your ship through on a racing stroke. Better to mourn six men than lose them all and the ship too." *
Look at this passage (lines 43-70) from Book 12 about Scylla and Charybdis. Which creature does Odysseus choose to face and why?
32. "You cannot be my father Odysseus! Meddling spirits conceived this trick to twist the knife in me! No man of woman born should work these wonders by his own craft, unless a god came into it with ease to turn him young or old at will. I swear you were in rags and old, and here you stand like one of the immortals!" *
Read lines 84-90 of Book 16. Paraphrase Telemachus' words.
33. "You cannot be my father Odysseus! Meddling spirits conceived this trick to twist the knife in me! No man of woman born should work these wonders by his own craft, unless a god came into it with ease to turn him young or old at will. I swear you were in rags and old, and here you stand like one of the immortals!" *
Which of the following is the idiom found in these lines from Book 16?
34. This town in Indiana (indicated by a green star) is named after a city in Greece, and shares its name with what other thing in Book 17? *
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35. "Then back she went to face the crowded hall, tremendous bow in hand, and on her shoulder hung the quiver spikes with coughing death. Behind her maids bore a basket full of axe heads, bronze and iron implements from the master's game." *
What type of figurative language can be found in these lines from Book 21?
36. "Now listen to your orders: when the time comes, those gentlemen, to a man, will be dead against giving me bow or quiver. Defy them. Eumaeus, bring the bow and put it in my hands there at the door. Tell the women to lock their own door tight. Tell them if someone hears the shock of arms or groans of men, in the hall or court, not one must show her face, but keep still at her weaving. Philoetius, run to the outer gate and lock it. Throw the cross bar and lash it." *
What epic convention does this passage from Book 21 foreshadow?
37. "But the man skilled in all ways of contending, satisfied by the great bow's look and heft, like a musician, like a harper, when with quiet hand upon his instrument he draws between his thumb and forefinger a sweet new string upon a peg; so effortlessly Odysseus in one motion strung the bow. Then slid his right hand down the cord and plucked it, so the taut gut vibrating hummed and sang a swallow's note." *
Which of the following is NOT found in these lines from Book 21?
38. Which of the following direct quotes from book 22 is evidence of the theme of violence and is written correctly? *
39. What is the epithet in the first ten lines of Book 22? *
40. "If you are Odysseus of Ithaca come back, all that you say these men have done is true. Rash actions, many here, more in the countryside. But here he lies, the man who caused them all. Antinous was the ringleader, he whipped us on to do these things. He cared less for a marriage than for the power Cronion has denied him as king of Ithaca. For that he tried to trap your son and would have killed him. He is dead now and has his portion."
Based on this passage from Book 22, why does Eurymachus say Antinous wanted to marry Penelope?
41. Which of the following quotes from Book 22 is the best evidence that the suitors did not recognize Odysseus' skill as a fighter, even after they saw the first suitor die? *
42. "You yellow dogs, you thought I'd never make it home from the land of Troy. You took my house to plunder, twisted my maids to serve your beds. You dared bid for my wife while I was still alive. Contempt was all you had for the gods who rule wide heaven, contempt for what men say of you hereafter. Your last hour has come. You die in blood." *
Which of the paraphrases is the best for this excerpt from Book 22?
43."Foul! to shoot at a man! That was your last shot!"/"Your own throat will be slit for this!"/"Our finest lad is down! You killed the best on Ithaca!"/"Buzzards will tear your eyes out!" For they imagined as they wished--that it was a wild shot, an unintended killing--fools, not to comprehend they were already in the grip of death. But glaring under his brows Odysseus answered: "You yellow dogs, you thought I'd never made it home from the land of Troy. You took my house to plunder, twisted my maids to serve your beds. You dared bid for my wife while I was still alive. Contempt was all you had for the gods who rule wide heaven, contempt for what men say of you hereafter. Your last hour has come. You die in blood." *
The first part of this excerpt from Book 22 is the suitors reacting to the death of Antinous (the 1st suitor killed), and the last part is Odysseus threatening them. Which theme is best demonstrated in this exchange?
44. "Strange man, if man you are...This is no pride on my part, not scorn for you--not even wonder, merely I know so well how you--how he--appeared boarding the ship for Troy. But all the same..."
Use the excerpt to determine how Penelope reacts when Odysseus is reunited with her in Book 23?
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