Which Type of Government?
The scenarios below are current or historical governments from World History. Use you notes about form of government to classify each below. Some forms of government will be used more than once. Some forms of government will not be used at all. Also some scenarios may be a combination of more than one form of government.
Name
Your answer
1. The Byzantine Empire. The emperor ruled with absolute power and was the head of the church in the capital city of Constantinople.
Your answer
2. Present Day Great Britain. The King or Queen now has extensive theoretical powers, but his or her role is mainly ceremonial. The country is governed by Parliament and led by the Prime Minister. These members are voted into office by the public. However, the King or Queen is an integral part of Parliament and gives Parliament the power to meet and create legislation. An Act of Parliament does not become a law until it has been signed by the Queen (although no monarch has refused to sign an Act of Parliament in over 300 years).
Your answer
3. The Islamic Republic of Iran. Iran declares that Shi’a Islam of the Twelver (Jaafari) sect is Iran’s official religion. The country is governed by religious leaders. The head of state is a religious leader titled The Supreme Leader.
Your answer
4. Pre-Revolutionary France. Prior to the French Revolution, the government in the 1700s was primarily led by the nobles and clergy. Although this group only made up 2% of the population they controlled 90% of the nation’s land and wealth.
Your answer
5. The Vatican. In Vatican city, the head of the state is the Pope.
Your answer
6. The Roman Empire. Emperors such as Julius Caesar and Augustus ruled with complete power and made the Roman Empire the most dominating empire of its time.
Your answer
7. South Africa during the 20th century. After the Boer War, English and Afrikaan speaking whites reached an agreement to share control of South Africa. Although this group only made up about 20% of the population, they had access to virtually all the educational and trade opportunities. This group denied more and more rights to the black majority and established a system of government known as apartheid.
Your answer
8. France under King Louis XIV. King Louis XIV said “L’etat, c’est moi,” meaning “I am the state.”
Your answer
9. Nazi Germany. Hitler established the Nazi party which controlled all Germany and much of Europe during the 1930s and 1940s.
Your answer
10. Colonial America. The colonies in America were under total control of the British King.
Your answer
11. Present Day Cuba. Cuba is a single-party state with the Communist Party of Cuba as the only legal party. Fidel Castro has been head of the government since 1959 when he helped overthrow the existing government. His brother, Raul, is not in control.
Your answer
12. Soviet Union. Soviet leaders Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin had complete governmental and economic control. They used secret police and terror to extort power and fear.
Your answer
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