RDA Grade 4 Horse Care (Riding)
This quiz will help you to prepare for your Grade 4 Horse Care Proficiency Test.

Remember that you can be asked any of the questions from Grades 1, 2 and 3 as well as these - so check you know them by having a go at the other quizzes!

You can find all of those here: https://theparavaulter.com/rda-quizzes/
You have to show that you understand some basics about how horses behave. Can you decide which of these facts are true and which are false?
15 points
True
False
Horses are prey animals
Horses can see things that are directly behind them
Horses are herd animals
Horses can become scared easily
It can be dangerous to be around a horse who is scared
When you go to a horse you should walk up to their side
Horses hate being touched
If a horse isn't doing what you want you should shout at them until they do
Horses have different personalities
Talking to a horse in a low, calm voice can help them to feel relaxed
Most horses don't have good hearing
Horses have a blind spot directly in front of their nose
Horses can be spooked by every day objects if they appear in an unexpected place
Horses can tell when we're nervous even if they don't know why
Horses only spook to be naughty
You need to know four main types of food that are often given to stable-kept horses: hay, chaff, coarse mix and pony nuts. Have a go at naming each of these!
What kind of food is this?
1 point
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What kind of food is this?
1 point
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What kind of food is this?
1 point
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What kind of food is this?
1 point
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What kind of food is this?
1 point
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GROOMING - for Grade 4, you need to know how to groom a stable-kept horse or pony. You also need to be able to identify a water brush, a stable rubber and a tail bandage - as well as all the items in the previous grades!
Which three of these grooming tools are you MOST likely to need to groom a stable-kept pony? Tick your chosen three!
3 points
What are stable stains?
1 point
What is quartering?
1 point
Which two of these could you use to detangle a horse's tail?
2 points
Here are some statements about picking out a horse's hooves. Can you tell which are true and which are false?
6 points
True
False
You should face backwards (towards the horse's tail)
A horse's back feet have to be lifted and held differently to the front feet
If you're nervous you should ask someone to help you
It's a good sign if the hoof smells bad to humans
The frog is sensitive so you have to be very careful not to damage it
It is normal for one hoof to feel hotter than the others
Which part of the grooming kit is this item?
1 point
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Which part of the grooming kit is this item?
1 point
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What are these?
1 point
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BEDDING You need to recognise straw, shavings and paper (all types of bed) and various tools that are used for mucking out: wheelbarrow, fork, shavings fork, broom and shovel.
Which type of bedding is this?
1 point
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Which type of bedding is this?
1 point
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Which type of bedding is this?
1 point
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Which type of bedding is this?
1 point
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Can you match the numbers of these items to their names?
5 points
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1
2
3
4
5
Shavings fork
Broom
Shovel
Wheelbarrow
Fork
Horses need to see the farrier every 6-8 weeks. What does a farrier do?
1 point
Which of the following are good reasons for getting the farrier to visit the horse? Tick all the correct answers.
6 points
Why do we clean the horses' tack? Tick all the answers that you think are correct.
4 points
Which of these would you normally use to clean your tack? Choose five.
5 points
The steps below are all about putting on a saddle, but some of them are wrong! Can you decide which are true and which are false?
12 points
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True
False
Make sure the horse is securely tied up with a quick release knot
Place the saddle gently on top of the horse's withers
If using a numnah or saddlepad, make sure the girth goes through the loops
Run the stirrups back down the leathers before putting the saddle on
The pommel is closest to the horse's tail and the cantle is near the horse's neck
Take care when doing up the girth so as not to hurt or startle the horse
Horses have very strong backs so you don't have to worry about putting the saddle on too hard or heavily
You should always check the girth again before mounting
You shouldn't drag the saddle forwards on the horse's back as this may pull the coat and skin
The girth should be at least two holes tighter on one side than the other
You shouldn't leave the saddle on the horse without the girth done up
Saddles can be quite heavy so ask for help if you need it to keep you and the horse safe
Now you've put the saddle on safely, it's time to put the bridle on. Which of these bits of advice are true and which are false?
15 points
True
False
Start by looping the reins over the horse's head and down his neck
Hold the bridle by the headpiece in one hand and use the other to help open the horse's mouth for the bit
Make sure that the noseband is out of the way when getting the horse to accept the bit
Press the bit against the horse's teeth with enough force to get him to open his mouth
Wiggle your thumb into the corner of the horse's mouth to encourage him to open it for the bit
It's safe to put your thumb into the corner of the horse's mouth as he doesn't have teeth there
The ears need to sit between the browband and the noseband
The throatlatch goes under the horse's chin
You should be able to fit your hand between the horse's cheeks and the throatlash
The noseband should be done up very tightly so you can't put any fingers between it and the horse's face
Horses aren't sensitive on their noses
Make sure you pull the forelock over the browband
A bridle path is a small area of clipped mane where the headpiece sits
If your horse has a headcollar under his bridle, the bridle shouldn't have a noseband
Check that all the straps are done up correctly before mounting
Which of these would you give as advice to someone about how to catch a horse or pony in a field?
3 points
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Which of these is it good to wear to catch and lead a horse or pony in from the field?
4 points
Here are some statements about how to lead a horse or pony. Can you tell which are true and which are false?
8 points
True
False
We normally lead from the horse's left side to lead (but don't have to, depending on situation or the leader's disability)
It's a good idea to wear gloves for leading in case the horse pulls the rope through your hands
The best way to lead a horse is standing directly in front of them so they know where to go
Horses never spook when being led
When turning, guide the horse's head away from you so he doesn't tread on your feet
If you have a long lead rope you should have a loop in it to stop it from trailing on the ground
If you have a loop in your lead rope it should be tight around your hand to give you more control
The tighter you hold the horse, the safer he feels
Which of the knots shown in the picture is the correct one for tying up a horse or pony?
1 point
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What is the name of the knot we use for tying up horses and ponies? (NB - if you type the right thing but it marks it wrong then please ignore the mark - I don't know why it's doing that!)
1 point
Your answer
Why do we use a special knot to tie up horses and ponies?
1 point
Points of the horse - remember you need to know all the points of the horse from Grades 1, 2 and 3. For Grade 4 you also need to know the stifle, chestnut, ergot, chin groove and point of hip. Can you match the names below to the numbers on the picture?
5 points
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1
2
3
4
5
Stifle
Chestnut
Ergot
Chin groove
Point of hip
Well done for making it to the end - that was a marathon effort!
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