Stakeholder Engagement and Consultation Questionnaire
What is the project Water2Return?

Water2REturn (W2R) is an Innovation Action co-funded by the European Commission under its Horizon 2020 (H2020) programme. Water2REturn proposes a viable, cross-sectoral and integrated full-scale demonstration process to treat slaughterhouse wastewater that uses a novel combination of biochemical and physical technologies and has a positive energy balance.
Nitrate and phosphate concentrates recovered from slaughterhouse wastewater will be reintroduced into the economy as new raw materials, becoming a resource to be used as organic fertiliser in agriculture. Furthermore, the novelty of W2R rests on the use of an innovative fermentative process designed for sludge valorisation which will produce hydrolysed sludge and biostimulant products. Biostimulant products have low development costs and high added value for plant nutrition and agriculture.
In addition, algal biomass will be also produced by capturing CO2 released from a biogas unit. This will be used to formulate a biostimulant algal-based product. The project will produce three high-value agronomic products – nitrate and phosphate concentrates, biostimulant products, and biostimulant algal-based products - each free of pathogens, heavy metals and emerging pollutants.
As well as demonstrating the benefits associated with nutrient recycling, W2R will test different business models for each of products that will be created, and work to improve awareness of the possibilities of wastewater valorisation for the agricultural sector.

What is the purpose of the questionnaire?

This questionnaire has been designed to build a community of stakeholders around Water2REturn and maximize their engagement in the project. The objective is to gather stakeholders’ views, with the purpose of facilitating discussion and fostering dialogue on cross-cutting challenges identified by the project. The questionnaire will provide an evidence-based assessment of the main concerns and interests of stakeholders and will be used to engage them with the Water2REturn project.

Respondents are informed that: Responses are confidential and will only be used for the Water2REturn project. Respondents and their organizations will not be quoted directly in the final report. Questionnaire respondents will be consulted later in the project cycle.
Email address *
Stakeholder’s official name *
Responsible person *
Country *
1. Which kind of entity do you belong to? *
2. At which level does your institution/organization/association work at? *
3. What sector do you belong to? *
4. What farming activities are you involved in? (Tick all that apply) *
5. What is your main reason for engaging with the Water2REturn project? *
6. Do you think that you can benefit from the Water2REturn project? If yes, how? Please list up to three benefits that you envisage. *
7. Please rank (1 - 7) your top considerations when choosing a fertiliser. *
What neighbouring farmers use
Environmental friendliness
Availability of equipment for spreading the fertilizer
Easy to use
Product safety
Quality and composition
8. Are you concerned that access to synthetic fertilisers could be more curtailed in the future due to rising energy costs and declining worldwide reserves? *
9. Are you worried about soil depletion on your farm? *
10. If yes, what measures have you taken to improve your soil quality? *
11. Would you be interested in using the products that will be developed thanks to the Water2REturn project? *
12. Do you have any reservations about using these fertilisers and biostimulant products considering their origin? If yes, please explain. *
13. To what degree do you use organic fertilisers? *
14. Do you have any incentive to use organic fertiliser if you do not have organic certification and you sell your produce on the conventional market? *
15. According to you, what would boost the uptake of organic fertilisers and agronomic products like the ones that will be designed by Water2REturn? (Tick all that apply) *
16. To what extent are you able to change the fertiliser you use while still maintaining the requirements set out by your clients (supermarkets and cooperatives etc.) *
17. Would you like to provide any further comment(s) about the issues addressed in this questionnaire? *
18. Are you interested in being informed about project developments by subscribing to the Water2REturn newsletter? *
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