Questionnaire "International Security Threats"
"World peace cannot be safeguarded without the making of creative efforts proportionate to the dangers which threaten it." – these words begin the famous Declaration of May 9, 1950 by Robert Schumann which defined the development of the European continent.
Half a century later, we can observe a plurality of development models of countries and regions, an impasse in European security system formation, different approaches to perception of European regional and global threats that lead to a vacuum of trust and governance.
It is obvious that the processes in modern international relations require new approaches, methods, and tools. One of the basic concepts becomes the common definition of "threats to peace and security”.
At present, a study on international security threat perceptions by EU Member States, Middle East and Russia is being conducted, the purpose of which is to develop a conceptual framework of the agenda, including the concept of «threat to peace and security», to identify points of stability and criteria of international security, to develop approaches to setting regional security strategies.
The study is initiated by the Erasmus+ Jean Monnet Network «Peace, War and the World in European Security Challenges – POWERS».
The Network provides an opportunity to create an open platform for a constructive dialogue about large-scale security issues: geopolitical, sociocultural and religious factors, to investigate threats and risks as well as the peculiarities of their perception and diverse visions by different actors from EU, Middle East, Turkey, and Russia. Therefore the project will contribute to overcoming difficulties and contradictions in different perceptions, provide multilateral approach to responses to European security challenges, and develop common vision of European security threats.
The research group assembles the foremost scholars aiming to generate modern understandings of international security beyond the state-of-the-art by applying multi-disciplinary approach. Coordinated by the Voronezh State University the Network consists of four institutions from the EU: Bordeaux Institute of Political Studies (France), University of Göttingen (Germany), University of Seville (Spain), Kore University of Enna (Italy); as well as Turkey (Dokuz Eylül University), Jordan (the Centre of Strategic Studies - University of Jordan), and Russia (Perm State University, Kuban State University).
When designing this survey, the research group was relying on the definition of the international security threat, given in the Report of the High Level Panel on UN Threats, Challenges and Changes in 2004. According to this definition, a threat to international security is “any event or process that leads to large-scale death or lessening of life chances and undermines States as the basic unit of the international system”.
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