聯署:抗議政府暴力 寒冬驅逐窮人 香港民間團體聯署聲明
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抗議政府暴力 寒冬驅逐窮人
2017年11月18日,北京大興區一個基層民眾聚居的區域發生大火,造成至少19人死亡,8人受傷。事後,北京市政府以「整頓市容」為由,展開一連串以斷水斷電及武力脅迫手段非法驅逐的行動(註一)。數以萬計基層民眾被逐離家園,在零下幾度的嚴寒北京流離失所。

對於當局的措施及「低端人口」之說,我們一眾香港民間團體感到極度憤慨。基層外來工是中國繁榮發展最重要基石,改革開放以來,數以億計的基層外來工離鄉背井,從農村走到城市,為城市提供重要的生產力,使城市得以凝聚菁華,成為最繁榮的地方。然而,基層外來工辛勤工作,企業卻沒有給予他們應得的工資,令到大多數基層外來工無法以合理工資在城市安居。城市政府更把基層外來工視為用完即棄的他者,以戶籍制度把基層外來工排除在城市保障之外,從沒有在城市規劃、教育、醫療及其他政策上把基層勞動者的權益及需要考慮在內。

戶籍制度是中國政府控制人口的手段,這種限制「外來人口」獲得巿民權利的制度,形成根深蒂固的觀念:城巿可以壓榨外來人口的勞動價值,卻不需要為他們的福祉和社會保障買單。多年來,中國政府不斷以戶籍制度強化基層外來工二等公民的身份,面對社會問題時,基層外來工亦往往是最先被犧牲的一群,例如2008年及2012年金融危機時,政府便透過戶籍身份迫使沒有工作的基層外移工返鄉。

大興大火的原因是由於政府城市規劃失當,未能及時處理城巿擴張過程中的安全隱患。可是,北京當局卻把大火責任粗暴地推諉到「外來人口」身上,彷彿城巿的髒亂差,僅僅是因為這些「外來人口」要強行留在北京而起,完全掩蓋了城巿第一桶金的累積,正正是由這群基層人民以低工資、無保障勞動的血汗所成就。亦正正是因為企業不斷壓榨,勞動者的勞動成果被剝削,基層民眾才被迫要住進髒亂不堪的惡劣居所。當局不解決勞動者被剝削的根本問題,卻視基層民眾為城市髒亂的原因,試圖以驅逐基層勞動者作為整理城市的手段,絕對是本末倒置。同時,「清理低端人口」的措施已有蔓延其他省市之勢。據報,廣州和深圳部份地區已收到逼遷通知。假如各地方政府不懸崖勒馬,恐會造成更進一步的人道災難。

我們認為,保護民眾是政府的必然責任。我們要求北京當局:

1) 立即停止逼遷行動,並積極協助被驅逐者重新安置;

2) 正視基層民眾作為城市重要持份者的身份,在政策上合理保護基層民眾自由遷徙、居住、工作、醫療、教育等基本權利;

3) 追究逼遷行動當中的非法行動,嚴懲違法侵凌人民權利的相關單位;

4) 有關當局須為被逼遷受影響民眾賠償一切經濟損失。

註一 :《中華人民共和國行政強制法》第四十三條清楚列明「行政機關不得對居民生活採取停止供水、供電、供熱、供燃氣等方式迫使當事人履行相關行政決定。」

2017年11月30日

聯署團體︰

香港職工會聯盟
香港天主教正義和平委員會
社會民主連線
香港市民支援愛國民主運動聯合會
大學師生監察無良企業行動
全球化監察
勞動力
亞洲專訊資料研究中心
勞工教育及服務網絡
中國勞動透視
大專政改關注組
民間人權陣線
工黨
無國界社運
土地正義聯盟
香港眾志
社區前進
中國維權律師關注組
香港廚師聯盟
左翼21
關注基層住屋聯席
關注綜援低收入聯盟
社區發展陣線
選民起義
中國勞工通訊
朱凱迪議員辦事處
春天教會
街坊工友服務處
勞資關係協進會
嶺南勞工關注組
浸大社會關注組
工學同行
理事亭
學聯社運資源中心 (自治八樓)
午夜藍
法政匯思
良心理政
香港女社工協會
社工復興運動
全民教育局 HKEd4All
思言財雋
浸會大學社會工作學會
社工學聯
香港專業進修學校第十二屆社會工作系會幹事會
香港教育專業人員協會
思言行
藝界起動
進步教師同盟
基層發展中心
工友權益聯社
香港民主民生協進會
民主黨
門徒事工
影行者
舊區街坊自主促進組
保險起動
LIPS Labour Resource Centre(印尼)
Forum Worlds of Labour (Forum Arbeitswelten e.V. ) 德國勞工世界(德國)
National Union Confederation (印尼)
Worker's Initiative Kolkata(印度)
Korean House for International Solidarity (KHIS) (韓國)
Socialist Party of Malaysia(馬來西亞)
Just Economy and Labor Institute (泰國)
SÜDWIND Institute(德國)
IG Metall(德國)
LabourNet Germany(德國)
Unifor Retiree Council Lower Mainland(加拿大)
放射良心
思政築覺
Committee for Asian Women(馬來西亞)
GoodElectronics Network
Maquila Solidarity Network (加拿大)
Crispin B. Beltran Resource Center (菲律賓)
People & Planet (英國)
Union syndicale Solidaires (法國)
International Labour Network of Solidarity and Struggles (全球)
CSP-CONLUTAS (巴西)
coalicionelectronica.mexico@gmai.com (墨西哥)
SETEM Catalunya (西班牙加泰隆尼亞)
Labour Net Germany (德國柏林)
No organisation (維也納)
GoodElectronics Thailand (泰國)
Redaktion express (德國)

名單更新至2017年12月11日

Stop the Violent Eviction of the Urban Poor; Respect the Housing Rights of the People
On November 18, 2017, a fire broke out in Daxing District of Beijing, a suburb densely populated by low-income migrant workers. The fire killed at least 19 people and injured 8. After the fire, in the name of “improving the cityscape”, the Beijing Municipal Government embarked on an illegal eviction of migrant workers by force, while cutting off their electricity and water supplies. Tens of thousands of grassroots residents were forced out of their homes when temperature hovered around freezing point.

We (a group of civil society organisations) are outraged at how the authorities treated its people as “low-end population”. These internal migrant workers are in fact the cornerstone of China’s astounding economic growth. Since the economic reform, hundreds of millions of migrant workers are drawn to the cities from their rural hometowns and become the engine that powers the thriving industries. However, these workers are often denied reasonable wages, regardless of their hard-work. As a result, most migrant workers are unable to afford dignified living conditions in the cities. Worse still, municipal authorities also deem migrant workers as disposable “others”, and exclude them from the urban social security system through the Household Registration (Hukou) System. Thus, migrant workers’ needs and rights are often neglected in urban planning, education, medical services and other policies.

The Household Registration (Hukou) System has been adopted by the Chinese Government not only as a means to control the population, it also deprives the “migrant population” of citizenship rights in places other than their municipality of origin. The System has become such a deeply rooted belief and it continues to exploit the labour of the “migrant population” at the expenses of their social protections and well-beings. In past decades, the institutional discrimination against migrants has been further reinforced by the Chinese Government, as they are regarded as second-class citizens and the first to be sacrificed when crises emerge. During the financial crises in 2008 and 2012, for instance, the government drove out unemployed migrant workers and forced them to move back to their hometowns.

The fundamental cause of the Daxing fire is that the government failed to resolve the safety risks occurring in the urban sprawl in time. However, the Beijing Municipal authorities unreasonably shirked responsibilities to the “migrant population”, as if all the urban problems are simply caused by the migrant population’s “refusal to leave”, disregarding the fact that the development of the city has been built on the exploitation of these low-income migrants. Instead of resolving the fundamental issues, the fact that the authorities have used the Daxing fire as an excuse to evict the migrants to “make the city a better place” is undoubtedly like climbing a tree to catch a fish. To make matters worse, the unhealthy wind of the “eviction of the low-end population” has also been taken up by other provinces and cities. As reported, migrants in certain districts of Shenzhen and Guangzhou have also received eviction notices. The local authorities will need to immediately stop these discriminating and violent actions, before further humanitarian disasters emerge!

We believe that protecting the people is the responsibility of any government, and we demand the Beijing Municipal Government to:

1) Stop forced eviction immediately and actively facilitate the resettlement of the evictees;

2) Recognize the grassroots population as important stakeholders in the city and ensure their freedom of movement, right to housing, work, education and medical service are respected in government policies;

3) Hold the administrative organs and the staff accountable for the illegal actions and violation of people’s rights in the forced evictions;

4) Compensate all the financial losses of the residents affected by the forced evictions.


Note: Administrative Compulsion Law of the People’s Republic of China, Article 43 Administrative organs shall not conduct administrative enforcement at night or on a statutory public holiday, except for in an emergency. Administrative organs shall not force the parties concerned to perform the relevant administrative decisions by such means as cutting off the supply of water, electricity, heating or gas for the living of residents.


Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions
Justice and Peace Commission of the Hong Kong Catholic Diocese
League of Social Democrats
Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China
SACOM
Globalization Monitor
Worker Empowerment
Asia Monitor Resource Centre
Labour Education and Service Network
Labour Action China
Student Fight For Democracy
Civil Human Rights Front
Labour Party
Borderless movement
Land Justice League
Demosistō
Community March
China Human Rights Lawyers Concern Group
Hong Kong Chef Union
Left 21
Concerning Grassroots' Housing Rights Alliance
CSSA Alliance
Community Development Alliance
Voters’ Voice
China Labour Bulletin
Councilor Chu Hoi-dick’s Office
Ekklesia Hong Kong
Neighbourhood and Worker's Service Centre
Industrial Relations Institue
Polyu Pavilion
Social Movement Resource Centre(Autonomous 8A)
LU Workers Concern Group
BU movement
Midnight blue
Progressive Lawyers Group
HK Psychologists Concern
Hong Kong Association of Women Social Workers
Reclaiming Social Work Movement
HKEd4All
Financier Conscience
Society of HKBU Social Work
Hong Kong Federation of Social Work Students
HKCTSSW
Hong Kong Professional Teachers' Union
Civil Renaissance
Artists Action
Progressive Teachers' Alliance
Grassroots Development Centre
Labour Rights Commune
Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood
Democratic Party
門徒事工
v-artivist
ODAAG
Insurance ARISE
LIPS Labour Resource Centre (Indonesia)
Forum Worlds of Labour (Forum Arbeitswelten e.V. ) (Germany)
National Union Confederation (Indonesia)
Worker's Initiative Kolkata (India)
Korean House for International Solidarity (Korea)
Socialist Party of Malaysia (Malaysia)
Just Economy and Labor Institute (Thailand)
SÜDWIND Institute (Germany)
IG Metall (Berlin)
LabourNet Germany (Germany)
Unifor Retiree Council Lower Mainland (Canada)
放射良心
ArchiVision
Committee for Asian Women (Malaysia)
GoodElectronics NEtwork (Global)
Maquila Solidarity Network (Canada)
Crispin B. Beltran Resource Center (Philippines)
People & Planet (UK)
Union syndicale Solidaires (France)
International Labour Network of Solidarity and Struggles (World)
CSP-CONLUTAS (Brazil)
coalicionelectronica.mexico@gmai.com (Mexico)
SETEM Catalunya Catalonia (Spain)
Labour Net Germany (Berlin, Germany)
No organisation (Vienna)
GoodElectronics Thailand (Thailand)
Redaktion express (Germany)

Last update on the list: 11th Dec, 2017

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