“Matching Heaven with Heaven”: Zi Qing 梓慶 in the Zhuangzi 以天合天——《莊子》中的梓慶

2018/9/8 | 14:00 – 15:30
講者:莊錦章教授
地點:香港浸會大學饒宗頤國學院 (逸夫行政樓7樓)
語言:英語

個人簡介:莊錦章教授為香港科技大學人文學部榮休教授,著有Early Confucian Ethics(早期儒家倫理學;Open Court, 2007)及Zhuangzi’s Critique of the Confucians(莊子評儒;State University of New York Press, 2016)等。

講座摘要:《莊子.達生篇》載有「梓慶削鐻」的故事,通常解讀為表達率性而行的思想,主人公的心路歷程有時甚至被視同神秘主義。講者將討論故事中兩個為人忽略的背景:(一)《莊子》對巫術的調侃戲仿。我們從梓慶身上看到的是存神養氣的個人修行,所修之神與巫術無關;(二)天人關係。這裡的「天」並不指超自然的天,人們不會通過巫術儀式已獲上天賜予神奇力量,但人卻有養氣修真的潛能,梓慶的故事更說明最終可以精妙入神。通過「以天合天」,本故事亦調和了《莊子》書中的一種矛盾:順天而行的同時不廢人事。

2018/9/8 | 14:00 – 15:30
Speaker: Professor Kim-chong Chong
Venue: HKBU Jao Tsung-I Academy of Sinology (Level 7, Shaw Tower)
Language: English

Biography: Professor Kim-chong Chong is Professor Emeritus at The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. He is the author of Early Confucian Ethics (Open Court, 2007) and Zhuangzi’s Critique of the Confucians (State University of New York Press, 2016).

Abstract: The story of Zi Qing in the Zhuangzi has often been read as expressing spontaneity and its psychological processes. These processes are sometimes equated with mysticism. I discuss the story within two relatively neglected contexts. (1) The Zhuangzi’s parody of shamanic practices. We find in Zi Qing a notion of self-cultivation bringing about a non-shamanic shen or spirit. (2) The relation between heaven and the human. Thus, “heaven” should not refer to a supernatural realm that confers magical abilities through shamanic ritual. Instead, it refers to the human potential to cultivate a natural vitality. As illustrated by Zi Qing, this can have aesthetically powerful results. By “matching heaven with heaven,” the story resolves a tension in the Zhuangzi between acting in accordance with heaven on the one hand, and human action on the other.

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