ACCS CNA SKills Test
Last Name, First Name
1. Patients sometimes express religious beliefs with which the home health aide does not agree. In dealing with these situations, which of these understandings should the aide use as a guide?
A. Patients have a right to their own beliefs, which should be respected.
B. Patients should be told not to discuss their beliefs with aides
C. Aides should explain their beliefs to patients
D. Aides should pretend to have the same beliefs that patients have
2. Mrs. Wayne, a home health aide, leaves the home of Mr. Davis, a terminally ill patient. A neighbor stops her and says, "Mr Davis is very sick, isn't he? I hear he is near death." How should Mrs. Wayne respond?
A. "Yes, Mr. Davis is very ill."
B. "How do you know Mr. Davis is so sick?"
C. "I'm sorry, I can't discuss Mr. Davis."
D. "Mr. Davis is doing well as can be expected."
3. Miss Ferris, a home health aide, is assigned to care for Mr. Conway. Miss Ferris notices that she feels very angry when she is with Mr. Conway. What should Miss Ferris do because she feels this way?
A. Tell Mr. Conway how she is feeling
B. Find out if other aides have felt this way
C. Try to pretend that Mr. Conway is someone she likes
D. Talk with the agency supervisor about the situation
4. A patient accuses a home health aide of stealing five dollars. The aide has not taken the patient's money, but the patient does not believe this. What should the aide do?
A. Ask the other aides who care for the patient if they took the five dollars
B. Ask the patient why the aide is being accused
C. Offer to give the patient five dollars
D. Notify the agency supervisor
5. Which of these actions is the home health aide permitted to take in relation to drug adminitration?
A. Recording and reporting the patient's reaction to the medication
B. Giving nonprescription medications whenever the patient asks for them
C. Adjusting the dosage of medications given to the patient
D. Adjusting the times medications are given to fit into the patient's activities schedule
6. One morning shortly after the home health aide arrives, Mr. Walsh says, "I have had cramping pains in the calf of my right leg for the last two hours." In addition to reporting this complaint to the agency supervisor, what is the best way for the aide to write this on the chart?
A. Complains of pain
B. Right leg hurts
C. States he has had cramping pains in the calf of his right leg for 2 hours
D. Says he has leg cramps
7. When a patient complains of pain, what should the home health aide do first?
A. Ask the patient to describe the pain
B. Call the patient's doctor
C. Offer the patient some warm tea
D. Change the patient's position
8. The home health aide should be sure to take which of these actions when caring for a newborn baby?
A. Support the baby's head and neck when picking the baby up
B. Clean the inside of the baby's ears with cotton swabs
C. Use Petroleum jelly to keep the area around the baby's navel moist
D. Hold the baby only at feeding and bathing times
9. What is the chief reason for covering your mouth or nose when coughing or sneezing?
A. To prevent the escape of bad odors
B. To prevent the spread of germs
C. To avoid injury to the lining of the nose and mouth
D. To avoid getting clothing dirty
10.Which of these signs may be an early warning sign of cancer?
A. Difficulty in bending a joint
B. A sore that does not heal
C. A sudden increase in weight
D. A loss of hearing
11. Which of these statements describes good body mechanics?
A. Carry heavy objects as far away from the body as possible
B. Bend the knees when lifting an object off the floor
C. Bend over at the waist when lifting an object from the floor
D. Lift rather than push a heavy object
12. If a home health aide has bad breath or body odors, who is LEAST likely to be aware of it?
A. The patient
B. The patient's visitors
C. The nurse
D. The aide
13. Which of these substances should be used to put out a fire in a pan of bacon fat?
C. Baking Soda
14. Which of these fluids is highest in protein?
A. Vegetable broth
C. Tomato Juice
15. Milk is a good source of calcium. Which of these foods is also high in calcium?
C. Orange Juice
16. When patients do not have enough fluids, they develop which of these problems?
17. When a patient's respirations are being counted, it is best if the patient:
A. Is unaware of the counting
B. Sits up straight
C. Tries to breathe evenly during the counting
D. Breathes as deeply as possible
18. The temperature that the arrow is pointing to should be recorded as:
A. 99.8°F (37.7°C)
B. 100.6°F (38.1°C)
C. 103°F (39.4°C)
D. 106°F (41.1°C)
19. For rectal temperature, the thermometer should be inserted how far into the rectum?
A. So that only the bulb tip of the thermometer is in the rectum
B. So that the entire thermometer except for the very end is well inside the anus
C. Until resistance is felt
D. About one inch
20. Why is the thumb not used for taking a patient's pulse?
A. The flat part of the thumb is less sensitive than the flat parts of the other fingertips
B. The thumb can place too much pressure on the patient's pulse
C. The thumb's pulse may be felt instead of the patient's pulse
D. The thumb's tip is in a more awkward position than the other fingertips
21. Why is it important that a patient have good mouth care?
A. Bacteria in the mouth can cause tooth decay and gum infections
B. The saliva in the mouth is the source of stomach juices
C. Poor oral hygiene causes more saliva to be made
D. Poor oral hygiene interferes with the sense of smell
22. A patient's circulation is generally improved when the patient's:
A. Clothing is kept free of dirt
B. Liquid intake is increased
C. Room temperature is kept around 70°F (21.1°C)
D. Activity is increased
23. The home health aide is helping Mrs. Elden with her bed bath. Mrs. Elden prefers to wash her genital and rectal areas herself. Which one of these measures should be taken?
A. Have Mrs. Elden use cold water only in washing her genitals
B. Have Mrs. Elden use no soap when washing her rectal area
C. Remind Mrs. Elden to wash from the vaginal area toward the rectal area
D. Remind Mrs. Elden not to wash in between the labia of her genitals.
24. When caring for a patient who is on bed rest, what should the aide do to prevent bedsores?
A. Keep the top sheet well tucked in
B. Keep the bottom sheet free of wrinkles
C. Use only 100% cotton on the patient's bed
D. Use only woolen blankets to cover the patient
25. A patient who has been on bed rest is about to get up in a chair. The home health aide helps the patient to sit on the edge of the bed. The patient says, "I am dizzy." What should the aide do?
A. Rub the patient's feet
B. Help the patient to a standing position and see if the dizziness goes away
C. Put a cool compress on the patient's head
D. Support the patient in a sitting position and wait a minute or so to see if the dizziness goes away
26. The main reason for NOT wearing round garters to hold up stockings is that such garters can:
A. Irritate the skin
B. Cause foot fatigue
C. Interfere with circulation
D. Prevent the evaporation of perspiration
27. Which of these statements about the elderly is true?
A. They cannot change
B. They can learn new things
C. They want to become dependent on others
D. They do not enjoy meeting new people
28. The ability to make observations is even more important when working with infants and young children than it is when working with adults. The chief reason for this is that infants and young children:
A. Do not like to be told what to do
B. Are usually sicker than adults
C. Enjoy human contact more than adults do
D. Cannot explain how they feel
29. In disciplining a young child, what idea is most important for the home health aide to communicate to the child?
A. "I don't like what you have done, but I do like you."
B. "What you have done is wrong, and you are bad."
C. "You have to understand that you can't do everything you want to do."
D. "You must do what you are told or you will punished."
30. All the following telephone numbers are important to a patient. Which number MUST the home health aide have next to the telephone?
A. The patient's clergyman
B. The drugstore
C. The emergency medical squad
D. The next door neighbor
31. When working with a person who is disabled, the general goal of care is to:
A. Provide constant supervision
B. Provide total care
C. Promote maximum self-care and independence within the limits of the person's ability
D. Promote the complete return of the person's abilities
32. In which of these cases may cold applications cause injury to a patient?
A. When the patient has poor circulation
B. When the patient has an elevated temperature
C. When there is swelling present
D. When there is bleeding present
33. If a patient is to have fluid intake record kept, the right time to record the patient's fluids is:
A. When the fluids are served to the patient
B. Right after the patient drinks the fluid
C. Every 2 hours
D. After each meal
34. A patient is receiving oxygen through a nasal tube. What safety precautions should the home health aide take?
A. Keep the television set at least 5 feet from the oxygen tank
B. Do not permit the patient to drink soda
C. Allow no smoking in the patient's room
D. Do not use any lotions that contain oil in the patient's care
35. An elderly male patient occasionally wets his trousers. What should the home health aide do?
A. Give him fluids with his meals only
B. Avoid giving him coffee and tea
C. Tell him that if he urinates on himself he will have to be put in diapers
D. Encourage him to go to the bathroom every two hours
36. A patient's prescription for heart pills has recently been changed. The home health aide should notify the agency supervisor immediately if the patient makes which of these comments?
A. "The pills are very expensive."
B. "These pills are a different shape from the pills I used to take."
C. "I have a rash on my stomach since I've been taking these pills."
D. "I can't take these pills unless I have really cold water to drink."
37. A home health aide is about to give a patient a back rub and notices a slightly red area about the size of a quarter at the base of the patient's spine. In addition to reporting this finding to the agency supervisor, what should the aide do?
A. Rub the patient's back thoroughly and position the patient so no pressure is on the red area
B. Rub the patient's upper back but do not rub the lower part of the back near the red area
C. Omit the back rub and apply cornstarch to the red area
D. Omit the back rub and place a dressing over the red area
38. In giving foot care to a patient who has diabetes, the home health aide should NOT take which of these actions?
A. Clean under the toenails
B. Cut the toenails
C. Soak the patient's feet for more than 5 minutes in a basin of warm water
D. Put lotion on the patient's feet after drying them
39. Mrs. Rand, who has diabetes and takes insulin regularly tells the home health aide that she feels very nervous and jittery. What should the aide do immediately?
A. Take her temperature
B. Find out when she has her next doctor's appointment
C. Have her lie down in bed
D. Give her a glass of orange juice
40. A patient has had a stroke and has a right-sided weakness. The patient can walk with a little assistance. It is best for the home health aide to assist the patient by walking in which of these positions?
A. Directly in front of the patient
B. Directly in back of the patient
C. On the patient's left side
D. On the patient's right side
41. Physical therapy is started for a patient. Which of these statements about exercise is true?
A. If a patient cannot talk, do not explain the exercises to the patient
B. During the exercise, all joints should be moved in all directions
C. When the patient does not assist when the joint is moved through its range of motion, the exercise is called active exercise
D. It is important to support the body parts above and below the joints when they are moved during exercise
42. Mr. Nelson needs to use a rigid walker when he walks. When he uses the walker, the home health aide should be sure that Mr. Nelson:
A. Lifts the walker and moves it forward
B. Moves both feet forward together while leaning on the walker
C. Does not bend his elbow
D. Does not place any weight on his hands while leaning on the walker
43. The home health aide is taking care of a terminally ill patient who is unconscious. Which of these measures should the aide take?
A. Keep the patient's room dimly lit
B. Talk to the patient about the care to be given
C. Give the patient only clear liquids to drink
D. Support the patient in a sitting position
44. A home health aide is assigned to a family in which the mother, Mrs. Roth, has recently been discharged from a mental institution. It is essential for the aide to notify the agency supervisor if Mrs. Roth makes which of these comments?
A. "I overslept today because I forgot to set my alarm clock."
B. "This morning I couldn't remember my neighbor's first name."
C. "Even though I shut the radio off, I still hear a voice telling me what to do."
D. "I'm as hungry as a bear."
45. For which of these emergencies is a knowledge of pressure points essential?
A. Heat stroke
C. Food poisoning
46. A patient suddenly complains of intense, squeezing pain in the chest that goes down the arm. The patient is sweating profusely. The home health aide should:
A. Telephone for emergency help immediately
B. Massage the patient's chest and arm
C. Place the patient in a side-lying position
D. Apply warm compresses to the patient's chest
47. If a patient stops breathing, what should be done first?
A. Place the patient's legs higher than the patient's chest
B. Remove any materials from the patient's mouth or nose
C. Try to stimulate the patient's pain sensation by pinching the patient's arm
D. Apply even, firm pressure to the patient's neck veins
48. Before trying first aid measures for a patient who is choking on food or some other object stuck in the airway, what should the home health aide find out?
A. Can the patient speak or cough?
B. Can the patient swallow clear fluids?
C. Has the patient taken any sedatives within the last hour?
D. Does the patient have a pulse rate over 70?
The next four questions are about Mr. Stone.
Mr. Stone is 76 years old, needs help bathing, and has a Foley catheter in place. He has great difficulty walking and uses a wheelchair. He is on a low-salt diet.
49. The home health aide is to give Mr. Stone a bed bath. To be sure the water is not too hot, what should the home health aide do?
A. Ask Mr. Stone to place his hand in the basin to test the water temperature
B. Use half hot water and half cold water to ensure the proper water temperature
C. Allow the basin of water to stand for one half hour so that it reaches room temperature
D. Test the water temperature on your inner wrist
50. When helping Mr. Stone from the bed to the wheelchair, which of these actions is essential?
A. Place the foot support of the wheelchair so that he can step up on them
B. Have a blanket draped in the wheelchair
C. Have the brakes on the wheelchair in a locked position
D. Place a pillow on the seat of the wheelchair
51. Mr. Stone's Foley catheter is attached to a drainage bag. The drainage bag should always be kept:
A. Below the level of his bladder
B. At the level of his bladder
C. 12 inches above the level of his bladder
D. 3 feet above the level of his bladder
52. Patients on low-salt diets are usually allowed to have which of these foods?
A. Hard cheeses
B. Canned soups
The next 8 questions are about Mrs. Amos
A home health aide is assigned to assist in taking care of Mrs. Amos, an 87-year old woman who is a widow and lives alone. Mrs. Amos needs help with bathing, dressing, making meals, and cleaning her apartment.
53. Mrs. Amos says, "I hate not being able to take care of myself." To show Mrs. Amos that the home health aide understands her feelings, what should the aide say?
A. "You shouldn't feel that way."
B. "It is hard to have someone help you when you are used to taking care of yourself."
C. "You should like being taken care of."
D. "You make me unhappy when you talk like that."
54. In order to communicate effectively with Mrs. Amos, the home health aide should:
A. Speak very loudly to Mrs. Amos
B. Speak to Mrs. Amos as if she were a young child
C. Listen carefully when Mrs. Amos speaks
D. Continually nod when Mrs. Amos speaks
55. Mrs. Amos asks that talcum powder be used in her care. Before the powder is applied, Mrs. Amos' skin should be:
56. Mrs. Amos does not wear her denture when she sleeps. How should the dentures be stored?
A. In clear water
B. In a sterile container
C. Wrapped in a gauze pad
D. Wrapped in a wet washcloth
57. The home health aide encourages Mrs. Amos to assist with meal planning, to choose the clothing she is to wear, and in general to plan her daily schedule. Why is this a good approach?
A. It keeps Mrs. Amos from complaining
B. It lessens the aide's work load
C. It shows Mrs. Amos how much she needs the aide's help
D. It helps Mrs. Amos maintain a sense of control over her life
58. It is Mrs. Amos' usual time for lunch, but she says she is not hungry yet. This is the first time that Mrs. Amos has made this type of statement. What should the home health aide do?
A. Insist that Mrs. Amos eat at this time
B. Tell Mrs. Amos to let the aide know when she wants to eat and remind her that it is important that she have lunch
C. Tell Mrs. Amos that if she does not eat by herself, she will have to be fed
D. Tell Mrs. Amos that it took a lot of time to prepare the food and that she should eat it while it is fresh
59. Mrs. Amos has not had a bowel movement for three days. She has always given herself an enema if she does not have a bowel movement for that long a time. Mrs. Amos asks the home health aide to give her an enema. What should the aide do?
A. Give Mrs. Amos an enema
B. Tell Mrs. Amos to wait another day
C. Suggest that Mrs. Amos take a laxative first
D. Contact the agency supervisor to discuss the situation
60. When the basic psychological and physical needs of a person such as Mrs. Amos are met, that person will feel:
C. A sense of well-being
D. A sense of insecurity
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