On behalf of the 729,400 lawful permanent residents (“LPRs”) who are living in our cities and waiting, sometimes for as long as 20 months, for their citizenship applications to be processed, we respectfully urge you to significantly reduce the time that it is currently taking U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (“USCIS”) to process citizenship applications.
The eligible LPRs waiting for their applications to be processed are residents of our cities, integral parts of our communities and families, and prosperous actors in our local, state, and federal economies. They have been in our country for many years and have completed all that has been asked of them in order to apply within the legal process that was envisioned by our nation’s founders, enshrined in the Constitution, and codified in federal law.
Unfortunately, the enormous backlog of citizenship applications at USCIS is preventing at least 729,400 LPRs from accessing an equitable process to attempt to naturalize. The year of 2017 saw USCIS fail to naturalize more LPRs with pending applications than it actually naturalized, for the second year in a row.
And the problem is only getting worse. In the last two years, the backlog has increased by over 87 percent, despite the fact that citizenship applications have consistently decreased since April 2017. In just the last year, the backlog increased from 636,164 applications to the current backlog of 729,400 applications, despite a 25 percent decrease in applications submitted during that same time period. At the current rate, it would take USCIS over 25 years to get back down to the Obama administration’s backlog level of 380,639 applications in 2015, and that is assuming no new applications. That is just not acceptable.
One impact of this enormous backlog is that the amount of time a person waits for their application to be processed by USCIS is arbitrary and lacks geographic uniformity. The amount of time a person waits is disparate among states and USCIS offices and sometimes even within a state or USCIS office. While it impacts people in different ways, the backlog consistently deprives eligible LPRs throughout the nation of a right that was created by the Constitution and a legal process that should uphold the values of fairness and equal treatment.
This is happening across the country. During 2017, Utah saw an increase of 53 percent; Texas saw an increase of 50 percent; Tennessee saw an increase of 47 percent; Washington saw an increase of 46 percent; and Kansas saw an increase of 44 percent. At the end of 2017, California had an application backlog of 137,538; Texas had an application backlog of 97,788; New York had an application backlog of 94,491; and Florida had an application backlog of 87,722.
Cities, and their USCIS field offices, are particularly impacted by these growing backlogs. At the end of 2017, Houston had a backlog of 37,846 applications; Dallas had a backlog of 36,335 applications; New York had a backlog of 77,855 applications; Newark had a backlog of 26,650 applications; San Francisco had a backlog of 26, 515 applications; Chicago had a backlog of 26,072 applications; Brooklyn had a backlog of 22,570 applications; Atlanta had a backlog of 19,819 applications; Los Angeles County had a backlog of 18,128 applications; Baltimore had a backlog of 17,969 applications; Miami had a backlog of 16,684 applications; Philadelphia had a backlog of 16,459 applications; Seattle had a backlog of 16,253 applications; St. Paul had a backlog of 15,672 applications; Los Angeles City had a backlog of 15,472 applications; and the District of Columbia had a backlog of 15,351 applications. In almost all of these cities, the backlogs increased over the last year, in some cases, as in Queens, by as high as 68 percent.
Moreover, at a time when USCIS appears to lack an adequate policy response to the citizenship application backlogs, the agency is actually going the opposite route and committing resources to stripping citizenship from naturalized Americans. The new measures to investigate thousands of cases from almost 30 years ago, under the pretext of the incredibly minimal problem of fraud in citizenship applications, instead of managing resources in a manner that processes the backlogs before them, suggests that the agency is more interested in following an aggressive political agenda rather than its own mission.
USCIS must be more accountable to the public that it serves and the values that it is supposed to promote. The consistent and growing backlog of citizenship applications shows a failure of the agency to live up to its mission statement “promise [of] efficiently and fairly adjudicating requests for immigration benefits while protecting Americans, securing the homeland, and honoring our values.”
As a result, we, the undersigned mayors and county executives, urge you to take aggressive steps to reduce the waiting time for processing citizenship applications down to six months, consistent with previous practice. We respectfully request a comprehensive and detailed plan describing how USCIS will achieve these objectives along with a commitment from local USCIS District Directors to share this plan with my colleagues across the country. We also respectfully request a listing and description of previous measures taken by the agency that had the goal of reducing the backlog and an analysis of why they did not achieve their intended purpose.
As cities with immigrants and eligible LPRs who contribute so much to our communities, culture, and economy, we urge you to take aggressive action to end the backlog of citizenship applications and allow them to opportunity to join the nation as citizens.
Mayor Rahm Emanuel