Internships/externships: Providing internships is the optimal option for work-based learning experiences. Students who participate in internships gain understanding of the workplace environment as well as applicable job related skills. Effective internships include an agreed upon list of skills that students will perform during the internship. Feedback and assessment by the industry partners supports ongoing student acquisition of skills. Some companies may provide paid internships, which is an added incentive for the students.
Apprenticeships: An apprenticeship provides on-the-job training aligned with related classroom instruction. Apprentices learn workplace skills under the supervision of a master in the industry. Apprenticeships are longer-term commitments for both the employer and the apprentice. For this reason, many employers who offer apprenticeships require a preparation period to determine the level of commitment on the part of the potential apprentice. Participating in an internship prior to the apprenticeship allows an individual to determine if the career area is one they want to pursue.
On-the-Job Training: On-the-job training is primarily for adult learners. Employers provide training to a paid participant while engaged in productive work in a job that (a) provides knowledge or skill essential to the full and adequate performance of the job (b) provides partial reimbursement to the employer for the extraordinary costs of providing the training and additional supervision related to the participant that is being trained. Training costs take into account the content of the training and the prior work experience of the participant. Usually in the on-the-job training agreement, the employer promises to hire the trainee upon successful completion of the training.