Immigration + Populism + Industrialization + Gilded Age QUIZ!
Whew! That's a lot!
An important factor in the rapid development of industry in the United States during the last half of the 19th century was:
increasing competition in the oil business
the availability of capital for investment purposes
a stable economic cycle
effective regulation of monopolistic business practices by the national government
In its approach to union organization, the Knights of Labor officially?
welcomed both skilled and unskilled workers.
encouraged the use of the strike.
stressed the organization of workers by craft.
discriminated against Blacks and women.
The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 and the Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890 had in common the fact that they?
were greatly strengthened by the Supreme Court in the years after they were passed.
had no impact on the U. S. economy for several years after they were passed.
convinced the Populists that they had achieved their goals.
were intended to do away with the spoils system in politics.
The Haymarket bombing of May 4, 1886, was important to the labor movement because it?
aroused public opposition against labor, contributed to the decline of the Knights of Labor, and caused an increase in the membership of the AFL.
brought about the use of collective bargaining to settle labor disputes peacefully.
demonstrated to unskilled workers their vulnerability to strikebreaking actions.
began a tradition of federal intervention by U. S. troops.
The United States did NOT restrict immigration during most of the 19th century for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
there was a continuous demand for cheap labor.
population growth did not present serious ecological problems then.
many Europeans wanted to immigrate to America.
an amendment to the Constitution was necessary to enact such legislation.
Which of the following population trends occurred in the United States from 1860 to 1910?
significant shift of the population from the North to the South.
faster rate of growth for the cities than for the general population.
shift of the majority of the urban population from central city to suburbs.
gradual decline of the rural population in absolute numbers.
Political machines spread and thrived in urban areas during the late 19th century because?
they represented efficiency and honesty in an age of political corruption.
people were tired of the autocratic nature of existing city governments.
the middle classes were angry at the favoritism shown by existing city governments to the urban poor and ethnic minorities.
existing city government structures were so disorganized and chaotic.
The Chinese in America encountered a form of racial prejudice for all of the following reasons EXCEPT?
the belief that they were recruited by the bosses to undercut wages.
the perception that they threatened the values of "white society."
the feeling that their religious beliefs made them "heathens."
the perception that they were unwilling to perform hand work.
During the 1860s and 1870s, the Grangers carried out all of the following activities EXCEPT?
they forged a political coalition with organized labor.
they established cooperatives.
they disseminated information about new scientific agricultural techniques.
they supported political candidates sympathetic to the farmers' needs.
Which statement BEST describes many of the reforms proposed by the Populist Party?:
they were just campaign promises.
they were undesirable in a democratic country.
they were won through the efforts of other political parties at a later time.
they disappeared from public interest.
One of the primary beliefs of the Farmers' Alliances was that?:
individual competition was the most efficient means of determining fair farm prices.
the ratio of gold to silver should be 18 to 1.
too much power was in the hands of a few corporations and financial institutions.
the railroads should be under state, not federal control.
The basic economic motivation behind the coinage of silver was to?:
encourage reduced production of agricultural products.
ease the burden of debtors.
increase foreign trade.
encourage increased production of agricultural products.
Although historians disagree as to their interpretations of Populism, the movement was significant because?:
it was one of the few third-party movements to gain national influence.
it led to successful radical movements in the early 1900s.
it helped to elect a president at the peak of its power.
the activists of the party were responsible for the success of the first McKinley administration.
All of the following joined to create the Populist Party EXCEPT?:
the Woman's Christian Temperance Union.
the Farmers' Alliance.
the American Federation of Labor.
the Knights of Labor.
The 1880s movement for the eight-hour working day is usually associated with which of the following labor organizations?:
the Knights of Labor.
the Industrial Workers of the World.
the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
the International Ladies' Garment Workers Union.
Which of the following best accounts for the success of Standard Oil?:
its scientists developed processes for refining oil more efficiently.
it bought out the Erie Railroad in order to keep transportation charges low.
its corporate structure--known as horizontal integration--allowed the company to grow tremendously.
it was one of the first companies to invest heavily in advertising.
Terence V. Powderly, head of the Knights of Labor, advocated?:
a gradual end to the wage system and the reorganization of society on cooperative principles.
the admission of blacks into local Knights of Labor assemblies.
all of these choices are correct.
The ideas of Social Darwinism allowed men of wealth, like Carnegie and Rockefeller, to?:
justify the economic inequality that favored them over the nation's poor.
argue for more government intervention in dealing with social problems.
create more humanitarian programs for their factory laborers.
become more humanitarian in their declining years.
Which of the following groups would have been most likely to support Tammany Hall?:
industrial and business leaders.
poor urban immigrants.
middle-class shop owners.
wealthy rural landowners.
Which of the following statements is LEAST true about immigration to the U. S. between 1880 and 1900?:
most immigrants were unskilled day laborers.
immigrants tended to be Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, or Jewish.
immigration increased steadily during these years.
most immigrants came from northern and western Europe.
One theme of the Gilded Age politics was the?:
triumph of urban-industrial interests.
rise of the common man.
extension of government into the private sphere.
triumph of rural-agricultural interests.
The 1896 presidential election marked the last time that?:
rural America would defeat urban America.
a serious effort to win the White House would be made with mostly agrarian votes.
the South remained solid for the Democratic party.
factory workers would favor inflation.
Scholars considered the 1896 election "critical" because?:
it discredited the free silver crusade.
it showed that the American people will reject radicalism.
created price controls for industry.
proved to be ineffective in the regulation of business abuses.
The "Gospel of Wealth," as advanced by Andrew Carnegie, promoted the concept that people with wealth should?:
give aid directly to the poor.
devout time to the public welfare.
donate the bulk of their wealth to religious institutions.
use their resources to help society.
J. P. Morgan monitored his competition by placing officers of his bank on the board of companies that he wanted to control. This method was known as a(n)?:
Small Oil Company, Coal Carts, Railroads, Savings Bank, Boat Containing Barrels
The visual best reflects an attempt by Standard Oil to:
merge similar companies
sell its product at a lower price
control all aspects of production
buy out rival companies
The ideas expressed in the visual most directly challenged supporters of laissez-faire by claiming:
the nation's economic growth was being stunted
companies ought not be subject to strict regulation
it was essential to protect the rights of consumers
domestic employment opportunities must be created
The phenomenon depicted in the visual was reflective of the Supreme Court of the late 1800's, which ruled that federal laws ____________ constitutional.
of industry that infringed upon its freedom to control its property was
of company activities which contained vague statutory language were
whichh involved the selling and trasnporting of goods wtihin states was
which involved the manufacturing processes across state lines was
The conditions shown in the image came about most directly as a result of:
the formation of pools
The strike which lasted for six months has finished. So many workmen [stayed] out forso long, without starving. We had a terrible struggle, and the chief object of the company was to destroy our union. The company swore that they would not give us more than 86 cents a car, even if they had to keep their works shut for two years. But they had to give way on everything and to give 93 cents a car. A car carries a ton and a half of clean coal...The company got a number of spineless Irish to be blacklegs [strikebreakers] at one of the pits and succeeded in getting hundreds of soldiers to guard them...But as other Irish tended to give way to the turncoats, it was judged that it would be better to compromise, and the struggle was brought to an end.
The sentiments expressed by the author most directly contributed to which of the following actions taken by big business to strikes in the late 1800’s?
a. Fire managers who refused to hire former union members.
b. Use the legal system to compel workers to negotiate.
c. Create a company police force to protect strikebreakers.
d. Replace entire work shifts with compliant employees.
Which of the following was a direct reaction to the outcome described by the author by the late 1800’s?
Labor unions were linked to the disruption in the movement of goods.
Labor unions were legally recognized by the federal government.
Labor unions, through a federal court decision, became constitutionally protected.
Labor unions denounced violence as the means to achieve their goals.
“The Condition Of The Laboring Man At Pullman”, 1894: Capitalism, Monopoly, Plutocracy, Wage SlaveryPullman, Employee
The industry shown in the cartoon most directly contributed to which of the following developments in the late 1800’s?
It led steel and coal industries to lay off workers.
It created time zones for regular transport schedules.
It decreased property values.
It restricted the development of urban areas.
We began experimentally with street railways twenty years ago. At present, in NewYork, one pair of horses serves to convey one hundred people, on an average, every day at a rate of fare about one-fiftieth of the old hackney coach rates...There have been sixteen patents issued from one office for other new forms of perfectly smooth and nearly noiseless street pavement. An improvement in our sewer system seems near at hand, also, which will add considerably to the comparative advantages of a residence of towns, and especially the more open town suburbs. Experiments indicate that it is feasible to send heated air through a town in pipes like water...a great saving of fuel and trouble in a very difficult department of domestic economy. It is [also] plain that we have scarcely begun to turn to account the advantages offered to townspeople in the electric telegraph.
Frederick Law Olmsted On Urban Life, 1870
Which of the following was a significant effect of the process described by the author?
Tenements were constructed without the basic necessities.
Neighborhoods were heterogeneous in their ethnic composition.
Entertainment venues and leisure activities were inaccessible.
City services and urban expansion were planned by experts.
Here was a congestion the likes of which I had never seen before. Within the narrow limits of one-half square mile were...thirty-five thousand people, living tier upon tier, huddled together until the very heavens seemed to be shut out. These narrow alley-like streets were one mass of litter. The air was laden with soot and dirt. Ill odors arose from every direction. Here were no trees; no parks worthy of the name; no playgrounds other than the dirty streets for children to play on.
Constantine Panunzio Describing An Immigrant Neighborhood In Boston,
The argument of the author most closely parallels which of the following trends found in urban areas at this time?
a. City services like garbage collection and building inspections severely lacking.
b. Housing construction that contained running water and relieved overcrowding.
c. Entertainment districts being funded by a joint private-public venture.
d. Residences with varying backgrounds and incomes living in close proximity.
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