Preceding the part devoted to individual counsel, Section Two lists typical problems grouped around the main categories of home, workplace, and the public realm. Each category is divided in turn into general problem areas and specific questions related to those areas. We briefly analyze the issues involved and offer solutions. Our examples cannot of course cover all the aspects of the contemporary scene. They serve a double purpose. For one thing, they are intended to sharpen your focus in identifying the ethical implications of the particular difficulty facing you today in the world. For another, they give you an opportunity to express your own opinions regarding some crucial and fundamental issues.
We strove to avoid ethical sermonizing and utopianism. We are not beholden for our views to any particular organization, group, or sponsor. Our hope is that by providing a forum and service of this type we shall contribute to the formulation of an ethic that can be subscribed to by responsible human beings and will lead to a society preferable to the present one.
Capitalistic commodification can become predatory in the following manner. Things may reach the point where it is incumbent on all members of each market at all times to be dissatisfied with what they possess. The system therefore will depend on the constant invention and reinvention of one's longings, desires, and addictions as distinct from one's needs.
Devices such as the mortgage, time payments on goods, credit cards, lines of credit, etc. place a time dimension unto these artificial hungers, sometimes lasting thirty years or more. To the degree that you practice the basic principles of Code Two morality, you can abstain from coveting your neighbor's house, field, ox, or ass and other household goods and, at the same time, from the compulsion of amassing treasures merely to keep up with her/him.
The concept of intellectual rights can go well beyond the simple fairness of giving credit where credit is due, and can become a basis for idea fetishism as much as commodity fetishism. So in these questions relating to authorship and originality, aside from the strategy of asserting oneself or shaming the other, one can also consider the usefulness of the strategy of simply giving away things that are not normally found in the marketplace and thereby undermining certain sinister aspects of the market.
We believe that the democratic process could be improved even in relatively well-functioning states by conforming to the following guidelines: more voter input in legislative decision making, involving direct methods wherever practicable; greater accountability of representatives; recall of representatives made possible for the electorate; much lower limits on campaign expenses; universal voter registration; increased reliance on referenda and initiatives; greater role for independent candidates.