ICU | 英語リーディング | 2019
31. What is the function of the introductory paragraph?
a. to address a social problem concerning the topic
b. to show the historical background of the topic
c. to present a research question about the topic
d. to make readers aware of the significance of the topic
32. According to the passage, what did Jung conclude about mythology?
a. Some cultures have more archetypes in their mythology than others.
b. Images or dreams from patients inspired heroic characters in myths.
c. Characters in myths are representations of archetypes shared by human beings.
d. The frequency of repetition in archetypes is the same across cultures.
33. According to paragraph 3, what did Levi-Strauss find that contrasted with commonly held beliefs about indigenous communities?
a. He found that indigenous communities are savage and uncivilized.
b. He found that myths from most indigenous communities contain heroes.
c. He found that indigenous communities are unaware of cultural structures.
d. He found that myths from indigenous communities are not primitive.
34. According to paragraph 3, which of the following is true about binary opposites?
a. Binary opposites are opposing factors that good societies have.
b. Binary opposites are myths that cause conflicts in communities.
c. Binary opposites are structures lying deep in all human cultures.
d. Binary opposites are opposing interpretations of stories concerning conflicts.
35. According to Witzel, what is a similarity of or difference between the two types of myths he classified?
a. Both types explain the creation of the human world.
b. Both types feature the same natural phenomenon.
c. One originates in Europe, and the other in Asia.
d. One illustrates human migratory patterns, but the other does not.
36. According to the passage, what is the possible significance of Witzel’s study?
a. It might clarify how early humans spread across the world.
b. It might determine the number of myths in the world.
c. It might describe the storyline of the world’s creation.
d. It might identify the most complex myth in history.
37. According to paragraph 5, what do the findings in the field of paleontology suggest?
a. Myths were created to verify the discovery of fossils in Greece.
b. Some stories were inspired by the discovery of inexplicable fossils.
c. A massive earthquake caused the discovery of huge fossils.
d. Myths were primarily told at fossil sites in ancient Greece.
38. Which of the following statements best reflects the author’s conclusion?
a. Myths will continue to reveal vital clues about human culture and society.
b. Our understanding of myths will create more entertaining stories.
c. Our fascination with myths will likely lessen in the coming years.
d. Myths will continue to be a justification of human actions and beliefs.
39. Which of the following phrases best describes the focus of Le Play’s research?
a. reductions in the number of Western European families
b. changes to the organization of Western European economies
c. variations in the composition of Western European households
d. modifications to the structure of Western European societies
40. Which of the following statements best explains the characteristics of stem families compared to patriarchal families?
a. In stem families, generally only the first-born son is allowed to marry without his parents’ permission.
b. In stem families, the oldest son maintains his authority over his wife because he has control over the family’s assets.
c. In stem families, often only the first-born son and his wife continue to live in the family home after marriage.
d. In stem families, each son, once he has sufficient financial assets, usually establishes a new home with his wife.
41. According to the passage, why did Le Play use the term “unstable” to describe families consisting of a couple with their dependent children?
a. He believed that these types of families did not provide children with a secure environment.
b. He thought that these types of families would struggle to withstand financial difficulties.
c. He believed that these types of families would frequently experience marital breakdowns.
d. He thought that these types of families were not strong enough to succeed in the countryside.
42. Which statement is consistent with paragraph 4?
a. Most sociologists at that time supported Le Play’s view that social and economic changes had led to more nuclear families.
b. Le Play believed that children became increasingly dependent on their parents as a result of urbanization.
c. By the middle of the twentieth century, most social scientists agreed that there were too many nuclear families.
d. Le Play argued that when people moved from the city to the countryside they developed stronger bonds with their families.
43. What can be inferred about Laslett’s attitude towards Le Play’s work on changes in family structures?
a. He believed that Le Play’s work was offensive.
b. He believed that Le Play’s work was innovative.
c. He thought that Le Play’s work was misleading.
d. He thought that Le Play’s work was valuable.
44. Why does the author include information about the increase in the number of single-parent families?
a. to illustrate that families in the twenty-first century are continuing to shrink
b. to emphasize that researchers consider this to be an important social issue
c. to demonstrate that there are variations in how modem families are structured
d. to show that modem changes in family structure are also difficult to explain
45. Which of the following is the best definition of the underlined word “elusive” in paragraph 7?
a. easy to misinterpret
b. tough to understand
c. simple to prove
d. difficult to find
46. Which of the following would be the most appropriate title for the passage?
a. Attempts to Understand Why Family Structures Change
b. Frederic Le Play’s Three Types of Family Configurations
c. The Damaging Effects of Economic Changes on Families
d. The Key Role of Families in Economic and Social Development
47. According to the Law of Triads, if the atomic weights of the first and third element within a triad are 40 and 137 respectively, what would the approximate atomic weight of the second be?
48. What is meant by the underlined word “periodicity” in paragraph 3?
a. Some characteristics consistently recur.
b. Periods are arranged by atomic weight.
c. There are multiple instances of properties.
d. Musical octaves frequently repeat.
49. What did Mendeleev correctly assume about elements that did not fit into his table?
a. that their atomic weights were too high
b. that they were from the same chemical family
c. that their atomic weights were incorrectly measured
d. that they all had similar physical and chemical properties
50. Why did the discovery of gallium give support to Mendeleev’s table?
a. It was found to have characteristics similar to eka-gallium.
b. It has properties like those predicted for eka-aluminium.
c. It was discovered because of Mendeleev’s table.
d. It forms neither oxides nor chlorides.
51. What can be said of the element germanium?
a. It is in the same period as silicon.
b. It is also known as eka-boron.
c. It is in the same group as silicon.
d. It has identical properties to silicon.
52. Why did Mendeleev place iodine after tellurium?
a. because iodine is similar to other elements in Group Seven
b. because iodine’s atomic weight is lower than that of tellurium
c. because iodine’s atomic number is lower than that of tellurium
d. because iodine in this position helped him to explain an inconsistency
53. Which of the following statements would the author most likely agree with?
a. The recognition that Mendeleev received from his contemporaries was appropriate.
b. Mendeleev should not have been considered for a Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
c. Mendeleev deserved more recognition than Einstein, Curie and Rutherford.
d. Having an element named after Mendeleev is a fitting sign of respect.
54. What is the best title for this passage?
a. Mendeleev’s Discovery of New Elements and Their Position in the Periodic Table
b. Why Mendeleev’s Achievement Should Have Been Rewarded With a Nobel Prize
c. How Mendeleev’s Innovations Solved One of Chemistry’s Great Puzzles
d. The Reason Mendeleev Is One of the Greatest Scientists of the 19th Century
a. attracting for
b. attracting on
c. for attracting
d. on attracting
a. resulting from
b. resulting in
c. results from
d. results in
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