In 2009, the Taiwu Elementary School Folk Singers were invited to perform in Belgium, France,Germany, and Luxemburg. In 2011, they were voted as one of the world’s top five performance groups by audiences of Japan Broadcasting orporation’s Amazing Voice program.
Recalling the group’s first tour in Europe, Camake Valaule, a physical education teacher and the founder of the Taiwu Elementary School Folk Singers, admitted that he felt very nervous. He was worried that the audience would fall asleep since most of the 75-minute performance was a cappella, that is, singing without instrumental sound. Surprisingly, the audience listened with full focus and high spirits. Camake said, “They told me afterward that through our performance, they had a vision of our country, our village, without having to visit it. This experience greatly boosted our confidence.”
According to Camake Valaule, singing traditional ballads has helped students and their parents to re-understand their culture. “It used to be that the only ones who could sing these songs were tribal elders aged between 50 and 60. Now with the children performing the pieces, parents are beginning to ask, ‘Why do we not know how to sing these ballads?’ Many times nowadays, it is the children who teach the songs to their parents, putting back the pieces of a blurred memory.”
Winning international fame, however, was neither the original intention nor the main reason why Camake founded the group in 2006. The most important thing was to make children understand why they sing these songs and to preserve and pass on their culture. Referring to the relocation of Taiwu Elementary School and Taiwu Village following Typhoon Morakot in August 2009, Camake said, “We could not take the forest or our houses in the mountains with us; but we were able to bring our culture along. As long as the children are willing to sing, I will always be there for them, singing with them and leading them to experience the meaning of the ballads.”
41. Which of the following is true about Taiwu Elementary School Folk Singers?
(A) The group was first established in 2009.
(B) The group was founded by a PE teacher.
(C) The singers usually sing popular folk songs.
(D) The singers learn to sing from their parents.
42. On his first trip to Europe, why did Camake think the audience might fall asleep?
(A) The average age of the audience was between fifty and sixty.
(B) Most of the performance was not accompanied by any instrument.
(C) Nobody could understand the language and the meaning of the songs.
(D) The audience could not visualize the theme sung by the school children.
43. What does “the pieces of a blurred memory” in the third paragraph most likely refer to?
(A) The children’s ignorance of their own culture.
(B) The fading memories about old tribal people.
(C) The broken pieces of knowledge taught at school.
(D) The parents’ vague understanding of their own tradition.
44. What did Camake realize after the incident of Typhoon Morakot?
(A) The significance of the relocation of Taiwu Elementary School.
(B) The need to respect nature to avoid being destroyed by it.
(C) The importance of passing on the traditional culture.
(D) The consequence of building houses in the forest.
When it comes to medical care, many patients and doctors believe “more is better.” But what they do not realize is that overtreatment—too many scans, too many blood tests, too many procedures—may pose harm. Sometimes a test leads you down a path to more and more testing, some of which may be invasive, or to treatment for things that should be left alone.
Terrence Power, for example, complained that after his wife learned she had Wegener’s disease, an uncommon disorder of the immune system, they found it difficult to refuse testing recommended by her physician. The doctor insisted on office visits every three weeks, even when she was feeling well. He frequently ordered blood tests and X-rays, and repeatedly referred her to specialists for even minor complaints. Even when tests came back negative, more were ordered, and she was hospitalized as a precaution when she developed a cold. She had as many as 25 doctor visits during one six-month period. The couple was spending about $30,000 a year for her care.
After several years of physical suffering and near financial ruin from the medical costs, the couple began questioning the treatment after consulting with other patients in online support groups. “It’s a really hard thing to determine when they’ve crossed the line,” Mr. Power said. “You think she’s getting the best care in the world, but after a while you start to wonder: What is the objective?” Mr. Power then spoke with his own primary care doctor, who advised him to find a new specialist to oversee Mrs. Power’s care. Under the new doctor’s care, the regular testing stopped and Mrs. Power’s condition stabilized. Now she sees the doctor only four or five times a year.
45. What is the main idea of this passage?
(A) Treatments do not always cause harmful side effects.
(B) Patients tend to believe more testing is better treatment.
(C) Too much medical care may not be beneficial to patients.
(D) Doctors generally recommend office visits that are necessary.
46. Which of the following was a problem for Mrs. Power during her medical treatment?
(A) She had to be hospitalized for three weeks whenever she had a cold.
(B) She didn’t have any insurance, so she went broke because of her illness.
(C) When test results showed she was fine, her doctor still ordered more tests.
(D) Her doctor asked her to consult other specialists due to her constant complaints.
47. Who does “they” in the third paragraph most likely refer to?
(B) Other patients.
(C) Mr. and Mrs. Power.
(D) The online support groups.
48. Which of the following best describes the author’s attitude toward medical tests?
(A) More tests than necessary are too much.
(B) Medical tests are essential for disease prevention.
(C) Many tests are needed for confirmation of diagnosis.
(D) Doctors’ interpretations of test results are seldom wrong.
第 49 至 52 題為題組
Henri Cartier-Bresson (1908–2004) is one of the most original and influential figures in the history of photography. His humane, spontaneous photographs helped establish photojournalism as an art form.
Cartier-Bresson’s family was wealthy—his father made a fortune as a textile manufacturer—but Cartier-Bresson later joked that due to his parents’ frugal ways, it often seemed as though his family was poor.
Educated in Paris, Cartier-Bresson developed an early love for literature and the arts. As a teenager, Cartier-Bresson rebelled against his parents’ formal ways of education. In his early adulthood, he even drifted toward communism. But it was art that remained at the center of his life.
Cartier-Bresson traveled to Africa in 1931 to hunt antelope and boar. And Africa fueled another interest in him: photography. He then wandered around the world with his camera, using a handheld camera to catch images from fleeting moments of everyday life.
Not long after World War II, Cartier-Bresson traveled east, spending considerable time in India, where he met and photographed Gandhi shortly before his assassination in 1948. Cartier-Bresson’s subsequent work to document Gandhi’s death and its immediate impact on the country became one of Life Magazine’s most prized photo essays.
Cartier-Bresson’s approach to photography remained much the same throughout his life. He made clear his dislike of images that had been improved by artificial light, darkroom effects, and even cropping. The naturalist in Cartier-Bresson believed that all editing should be done when the photo is taken. In 1952, his first book, The Decisive Moment, a rich collection of his work spanning two decades, was published. “There is nothing in this world that does not have a decisive moment,” he said.
In 1968, he began to turn away from photography and returned to his passion for drawing and painting.
49. Which of the following best describes Cartier-Bresson’s family background?
(A) His family was rich but was very economical.
(B) His father went to Paris to open a textile factory.
(C) His wealthy family went bankrupt and became poor.
(D) His parents were very liberal in their ways of education.
50. Which of the following is true about Cartier-Bresson’s career in photography?
(A) He devoted himself to photography all his life.
(B) He developed a passion for photography when he traveled to Africa.
(C) He quit photography right after the publication of The Decisive Moment.
(D) During World War II, he documented the everyday life of the Indian people.
51. What significance did Cartier-Bresson have to Gandhi of India?
(A) He witnessed Gandhi’s assassination in 1948.
(B) He was the first photographer to take Gandhi’s photo.
(C) He used photos to document the effect of Gandhi’s death on India.
(D) His photos told the world who was guilty of assassinating Gandhi.
52. Which of the following is true about Cartier-Bresson’s approach to photography?
(A) He never waited for a decisive moment to shoot photos.
(B) He preferred to edit his images carefully in his darkroom.
(C) Most of his photos described things that happen every day.
(D) He experimented with different ways and settled on being a naturalist.
第 53 至 56 題為題組
You’ve most likely heard the news by now: A car-commuting, desk-bound, TV-watching lifestyle can be harmful to our health. All the time that we spend rooted in the chair is linked to increased risks of so many deadly diseases that experts have named this modern-day health epidemic the “sitting disease.”
Sitting for too long slows down the body’s metabolism and the way enzymes break down our fat reserves, raising both blood sugar levels and blood pressure. Small amounts of regular activity, even just standing and moving around, throughout the day is enough to bring the increased levels back down. And those small amounts of activity add up—30 minutes of light activity in two or three-minute bursts can be just as effective as a half-hour block of exercise. But without that activity, blood sugar levels and blood pressure keep creeping up, steadily damaging the inside of the arteries and increasing the risk of diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and other serious diseases. In essence, fundamental changes in biology occur if you sit for too long.
But wait, you’re a runner. You needn’t worry about the harm of a sedentary lifestyle because you exercise regularly, right? Well, not so fast. Recent studies show that people spend an average of 64 hours a week sitting, whether or not they exercise 150 minutes a week as recommended by World Health Organization (WHO). Regular exercisers,furthermore, are found to be about 30 percent less active on days when they exercise. Overall, most people simply aren’t exercising or moving around enough to counteract all the harm that can result from sitting nine hours or more a day.
Scared straight out of your chair? Good. The remedy is as simple as standing up and taking activity breaks.
53. What is the purpose of this passage?
(A) To point out the challenges of the modern lifestyle.
(B) To discuss how a modern epidemic may spread quickly.
(C) To explore the effects of regular exercise to our body.
(D) To explain the threat to our health from long hours of sitting.
54. What does the word “sedentary” in the third paragraph most likely mean?
55. What is the best way to bring down high blood sugar level and blood pressure?
(A) Exercising for 150 minutes or more every week.
(B) Getting rid of the habit of car commuting and TV watching.
(C) Interrupting sitting time with light activity as often as possible.
(D) Standing or moving around for at least two or three minutes every day.
56. Which of the following may be inferred about those who do serious exercise?
(A) They often live longer than those who don’t exercise.
(B) They tend to stand or move around less on days they work out.
(C) They generally spend less time sitting than those who are inactive.
(D) They usually do not meet the standard of exercise recommended by WHO.
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