H.S. History / Social Studies
U.S. History A (1877-1920)
• COURSE OVERVIEW: U.S. History A - 1877-1920 is the first semester of a two-part series that delves into the history of the United States. Beginning with a review of the nation’s beginnings and the impact of the Enlightenment on U.S. ideals, this course studies events of significant historical importance that occurred from the period of reconstruction and industrialization up to World War II. U.S. History A - 1877-1920 is A-G Approved through the University of California
• Unit 1 - Ideas Behind a New Nation This course focuses on the importance and impact of early events in our American history, beginning with a focuses on the Age of Enlightenment, and the American Enlightenment. Specifically, this unit focuses on the Colonies organizing, the Boston Tea Party, the Patriot's Declaration of Independence, Old North Church, the Battle of Bunker Hill, the republicanism debate, the Continental Congress, nationalists, compromises, and the creation of a new government.
• Unit 2 - Federal vs State Authority This unit focuses on the Federalists vs. Antifederalists, the Bill of Rights, the creation of the Constitution, the First Great Awakening, Hamilton vs. Jefferson, the First Political Parties, President Adams, the home of John Adams, and the Jefferson Era.
• Unit 3 - The Death of Lincoln Thru Reconstruction In this unit, students learn about the role of Civil War revivals, Appomattox and the setup for the recovery, Lincoln's death five days after the end of the Civil War, the “Plans”, carpetbaggers and scalawags, and the KKK.
• Unit 4 - The End of the Western Frontier This unit discusses The Homestead Act, the massacres, cowboys, how the railroads began to expand to the West, and the response of anger from the farmers.
• Unit 5 - A New Industrial Age This unit focuses on the Industrial Revolution, the inventors, industrial tycoons, the Robber Barons and Trusts, jobs for immigrants and women, the prominent role the railroads began to take, why unions were first established, and the first unions.
• Unit 6 - The Immigration Boom In this unit, students will learn about why people immigrated to America, Ellis and Angel Islands and the immigration process, religious tolerance, religious pluralism in the US, the culture shock that took place, city life, urbanization’s impact, and political machines.
• Unit 7 - The Progressive Era This unit focuses on improvements in living, the increase in leisure time and entertainment, Teddy Roosevelt and his big stick, muckrakers and Upton Sinclair, Taft’s Dollar Diplomacy, the election of 1912 when Teddy Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson all ran as serious candidates, as well as Wilson’s Moral Diplomacy, and progressive reform.
• Unit 8 - America Turns Imperialistic (Spanish American War) This unit discusses why America wanted to expand, how America acquired Hawaii, the start of the Spanish American War, the defeat of Spain, the Treaty of Paris, anger in Cuba and the Philippines, the Open Door Policy, the Boxer Rebellion, the Panama Canal, and how the U.S. “backed off” temporarily from its expansion, and the impact of imperialism.
• Unit 9 - The First World War This unit discusses the alliances that set up a war, the Shot Heard Round the World, the chain-reaction that started this war, U.S. isolationism, the Lusitania/Zimmerman Note, how the United States got involved in the war, the home front during the war, the end of the war, the treaty of Versailles, and Wilson’s Fourteen Points.
• Unit 10 - The Roaring Life of the 1920s This unit focuses on the Warren Harding Era, civil liberties, nativism and the “red scare”, the impact of the 19th amendment, the boom in industry, new fashion trends for women, education, the Calvin Coolidge Era, popular culture, and the emergence of radio and film. Additionally, this unit delves into the Harlem Renaissance, prohibition, Herbert Hoover Era, Al Capone and crime, and fundamentalism.
• Unit 11 - The Great Depression This unit discusses the factors that lead to the Depression, the creation of the Federal Reserve, the impact of the Depression on Main Street, the economic ideas of the 1930s, the Herbert Hoover and the government, Hoovervilles, the Bonus Army, the Dust Bowl, and refugees.
• Unit 12 - The New Deal This unit focuses on FDR and the Brain Trust, congressional action, the first New Deal, the New Deal Coalition, the opposition to the New Deal, the second New Deal, the Financial New Deal, Eleanor Roosevelt, and the importance of World War II.
U.S. History B (1940 – 21st Century)
• COURSE OVERVIEW: U.S. History B - 1940-21st Century covers the development of the United States from the end of the Civil War through issues facing the country today. U.S. History II is the second in a two-part series that provides high school students with a good foundation in the history of this country. U.S. History B - 1940-21st Century is A-G Approved through the University of California.
• Unit 1 - World War II This unit discusses the rise of dictators in Europe, Hitler and the Nazis, Mussolini and the Fascists, appeasement, and the takeover of Europe. Additionally, a focus is placed on the Four Freedoms speech, the Holocaust, World War II discrimination, and the bombing of Pearl Harbor.
• Unit 2 - The US Enters WWII This unit continues on in the study of World War II focusing on the preparations of the home front after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, the World War II special fighting forces, advancements, and the impact on industry. Additionally, this unit focuses on the taking back of Europe, V-E day, the Battle of the Pacific, Iwo Jima, Okinawa, Hiroshima, Nagasaki, the surrender on the U.S.S. Missouri, the aftermath of the war, and post World War II world affairs.
• Unit 3 - Post-War America & the Cold War - I This unit discusses the USSR as America’s new enemy, the post World War II international world, containment, the Marshall Plan, NATO and SEATO, the Red Scare II, Joe McCarthy, the Chinese & Korean Civil Wars, Sputnik/Flopnik and the U-2, The GI Bill, and Post WWII government spending.
• Unit 4 - Post-War America & the Cold War - II Building on the foundation laid in the previous unit, this unit focuses on Truman’s domestic policy, the suburbs, Eisenhower’s domestic policy, the “Other America”, the impact of post WWII Mexican immigration, the Taft-Hartley bill, advancements of the 1950s, Post WWII technology advancements, and popular culture after World War II.
• Unit 5 - Civil Rights This unit discusses Plessy versus Ferguson, Brown versus the Board of Education, the Montgomery Bus Boycott, WWII’s impact of Civil Rights, Civil Rights course cases, Birmingham and Selma, Little Rock and Birmingham, the March on Washington, Civil Rights expansion, Malcolm X, the laws of the movement, and the death of the leaders.
• Unit 6 - The New Frontier and the Great Society This unit discusses the impact of the 1960 election, how JFK challenged America, JFK’s domestic policy, the Bay of Pigs and the Wall, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the impact of JFK’s assassination, the conspiracies for JFK’s assassination, LBJ’s vision of a Great Society, and LBJ’s domestic policy.
• Unit 7 - The Vietnam War Years This unit focuses on the beginning of the Vietnam War, the exit of France and Tonkin Gulf, the “Living Room War,” what happened at the Home Front, the protests, the events of 1968, Vietnamization, and “Peace with Honor.”
• Unit 8 - An Era of Social Change This unit focuses on Chavez and the Latino movement, AIM, the women’s rights movement, the NOW movement, counterculture, the environment, the environmental regions of North America, and environmental activists.
• Unit 9 - The Nixon Era and Watergate’s Lasting Impact In this unit a focus is place on Nixon and Detente, Nixon’s domestic agenda and domestic policy, the Watergate break-in, its coverup, and the resignation of Nixon.
• Unit 10 - Turmoil of the 1970s This unit places of focus on Ford relationship with congress and the vetoes, the energy crises, the economy, the 1976 election, human rights, the Iranian hostage crisis, and nuclear power.
• Unit 11 - The Reagan & Bush Era Focusing on the Reagan and Bush Eras, this unit delves into the 1980 election, the assassination attempt on Reagan, Reagan’s domestic policy, Reaganomics, the Iran/Contra affair, relations with the USSR, and social concerns. Additionally, this unit focuses on the demographic changes in the US population in the 20th century, the impact of drug abuse, the 1988 election, the economy and the debt, Desert Storm, Middle East policy, and the 1992 election.
• Unit 12 - Building the Bridge to the 21st Century This unit begins with a focus on the demographic changes in the 20th century, health care and welfare reform, technological advances in the 1990s, the economical boom, US/Mexico Relations, Clinton’s domestic policy, and the Clinton impeachment.
• Unit 13 - The United States in Today’s World This unit delves into the US in today’s world, with a focus on the 2000 election, the War on Terror, the 20th Century Presidential powers, the Economic Crisis, the 2008 Obama election, impact of immigration policies, 21st century woman in America, and issues of today.
AP U.S. History
• COURSE OVERVIEW: AP United States History. In this course students not only learn the history of this great country, but take a thematic approach to the causes and effects of historical happenings in this great country. AP U.S. History has been audited and approved by the College Board. AP U.S. History is A-G Approved through the University of California.
• Unit 1 - Colonial America (1492-1754) In this unit students learn about the early inhabitants of the Americas, American Indian empires, worlds that collided in the United States, the conquistadors, and the arrival of England. They study the Jamestown/Virginia Colony, the Carolinas, religious diversity in the colonies, and resistance to colonial authority. They also explore transatlantic trade, the enlightenment or great awakening, and colonial governments.
• Unit 2 - Revolutionary Era (1754-1783) In this unit students explore the Revolutionary Era. They study the French and Indian War, the Imperial crisis, resistance to Britain, and the War for Independence. They further learn about the Articles of Confederation and the Federal Constitution.
• Unit 3 - The New Nation (1783-1816) In this unit students investigate federalists and republicans, the war of 1812, and education for women. They also study the second great awakening and the growth of slavery in the United States.
• Unit 4 - Nationalism, Sectionalism, and Reform (1816-1848) In this unit, students study nationalism, sectionalism, and reform. They explore the transportation revolution and the national market economy. They learn about class as it related to immigration, nativism, and planters.
• Unit 5 - The Era of Expansion (1828-1848) In this unit students learn about how politics transformed during the era of expansion. They study evangelical protestant revivalism, social reform, transcendentalism and utopia, and literary and artistic expression. They further explore the Western migration and territorial gain -- the Mexican war.
• Unit 6 - Crisis, Civil War, and Reconstruction (1848-1877) In this unit students investigate the slavery argument and compromise, the Kansas-Nebraska act, and the 1860 election. They explore the two societies that were at war, emancipation and its effects, and the effects of war on the North and the South. They learn about the reconstruction, the African-American role in post-war America, and the compromise of 1877.
• Unit 7 - The Gilded Age (1877-1900) In this unit students explore the new South, the expansion of the railroad system, the people of the West, and the United States versus the Natives. They discuss the corporate world, labor unions, social Darwinism, migration and immigration, urbanization, political machines, and cultural movements.
• Unit 8 - The Progressive Movement and U.S. World Affairs (1865-1930) In this unit students study the origins of progressive reform, progressive presidents, women and progressivism, and American imperialism. They learn about war in Europe, World War I at home, and the Treaty of Versailles.
• Unit 9 - The Roaring Twenties (1919-1929) In this unit students explore the economy and modernism. They also discus fundamentalism and the struggle for equality.
• Unit 10 - The Great Depression and the New Deal (1929-1939) In this unit students learn about the causes of the great depression, the hoover administration, and the new deal. They also study new deal critics and American society.
• Unit 11 - World War II (1930-1945) In this unit students investigate the rise of fascism, the road to war, the multi-front war, and global power. They also explore the war economy, civil rights and liberties, and the expansion of government power.
• Unit 12 - The Beginnings of the Cold War and the 1950's (1945-1960) In this unit students study the origins of the cold war, containment, the Asia problem, and diplomatic strategies. They also learn about the red scare, the impact on society, modern civil rights, suburbia, rebels, and changes to society.
• Unit 13 - The 1960s and 1970s (1960-1979) In this unit student explore the new frontier and the great society, as well as civil rights, confrontations, and the counterculture. They also discuss the silent majority, Nixon's America, and changes in the economy.
• Unit 14 - America Since 1980 (1980 - Now) In this unit students discuss the Reagan Revolution, the end of the cold war, demographic changes, and revolutions in technology. They also study politics, globalization, foreign policy, and environmental issues.
World History I
• COURSE OVERVIEW: World History I examines world civilizations from Pre-history through 1200 AD. Course topics include: Prehistory to Early Civilizations; Nile River Civilizations; Ancient India and China; Classical Greece; Ancient Rome; Civilizations in the Americas; Chinese and Indian Empires; The Rise of Islam; Ancient Africa; East Asia; World History I is the first in a two-part series. World History I is A-G Approved through the University of California.
• Unit 1 – Prehistory to Early Civilizations This unit presents a review of archaeology, then discusses the paleolithic age and Border Cave, agriculture and the Neolithic Age, Catal Huyuk: an example from the Neolithic Age, Oetzi the Iceman, river valley civilizations, the Fertile Crescent as the cradle of civilization and the empires that existed there, contributions of Ancient Mesopotamia, the foundations of Judaism, and the Persian Empire.
• Unit 2 – Nile River Civilizations This unit discusses the gifts of the Nile; old, middle, and new kingdoms of Ancient Egypt; Hatshepsut and Ramses II; religious practices, daily life, and contributions of Ancient Egypt; kingdoms of Nubia; and Egyptian influence on the Kush.
• Unit 3 – Ancient India and China This unit discusses the geography of India, civilizations of the Indus River Valley, Aryan culture, the foundations of Hinduism, Hindu practices, the foundations and teachings of Buddhism, the geography of China, the Shang and Zhou Dynasties, culture, ancient belief systems, and the birth of Chinese philosophy.
• Unit 4 – Classical Greece This unit discusses trade between the Minoans and Mycenaeans, the birth of Greek city-states, greek culture, Athens versus Sparta, the development of democracy, Greek warriors, war with Persia, the Golden Age of Athens, the Peloponnesian War, contributions of Ancient Greece, the rise of Alexander the Great, and the Hellenistic Age.
• Unit 5 – Ancient Rome This unit discusses early Roman influences, the rise of the Roman Republic, the Punic Wars, citizenship in Rome, the rise and fall of Caesar, the rise of the Roman Empire, Rome's Pax Romana, daily life in Rome, contributions of Ancient Rome, the birth of Christianity, Christian Apostles and churches, and the fall of Rome.
• Unit 6 – Civilizations in the Americas This unit discusses early people of the Americas, including North American Natives, the Olmac, the Maya, the Aztecs, and the Inca.
• Unit 7 –Chinese and Indian Empires This unit discusses the Qin Shi Huangdi, Qin, and Han Dynasties; Confucian Philosophy in China; contributions of Ancient China; the Silk Road; India's Mauryan Empire; Asoka's death; regional powers; India's Gupta Empire; daily life in India; Hinduism; and Buddhism.
• Unit 8 – The Rise of Islam This unit discusses the geography of Arabia; the foundations, five pillars, and diffusion of Islam; comparing and contrasting Judaism, Christianity, and Islam; Sunnis and Shiites, the Umayyad and Abbasid Dynasties, and Muslim culture.
• Unit 9 – Ancient Africa This unit discusses the geography and early people of Africa, people of East Africa, the travels of Ibn Battuta, the West African kingdoms, gold and salt trade, African culture, and Islam.
• Unit 10 – East Asia This unit discusses the Chinese Sui and Tang Dynasties, the contributions made by the Song Dynasty, Chinese agriculture and trade, the Mongols, Kublai Khan, the Yuan Dynasty, Marco Polo's expeditions, Mongol Manchuria, the geography of Japan, foreign influences in early Japan, the Heian Period, Fujiwaras, the geography of Korea, early Korea, the Southeast Asian Kingdoms, rice cultivation, and women in Asian cultures.
World History II
• COURSE OVERVIEW: World History II examines world civilizations from 1200 AD to the present. Course topics include: Asian Empires 1200 – 1800; Renaissance and Reformation 1300 – 1650; Exploration and Expansion 1400 – 1700; Enlightenment and Historic Revolutions 1550 – 1800; European Monarchs 1500 – 1800; Industrialization and Nationalism 1700 – 1900; World War I: 1914 – 1918; Post WWI and Through World War II: 1919 – 1945; Contemporary Issues: 1945 – Present. World History II is the second in a two-part. World History II is A-G Approved through the University of California
• Unit 1 – Asian Empires 1200-1800 This unit introduces World History II and discusses the Ottoman Empire, the Safavids or Shia Muslims, the Mughal Empire in India, the rise of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in China, feudal Japan and Korea, and exploration and culture in Asia.
• Unit 2 – Renaissance and Reformation 1300-1650 This unit discusses the Crusades, the Black Death, the Magna Carta, the end of the Middle Ages, Humanism, Secularism, Gutenberg and the printing press, authors and philosophy of the Renaissance, Martin Luther and the 95 Theses, the Counter-Reformation, and the spread of information.
• Unit 3 – Exploration and Expansion 1400-1700 This unit examines a political world map and discusses why people explored, explorers from Portugal and Spain, other European explorers, the conquest and colonization of the Americas, the Columbian Exchange, mercantilism, capitalism, the Middle Passage – otherwise known as the Slave Trade, and the effects of exploration, including disease and commerce.
• Unit 4 – Enlightenment This unit discusses the scientific revolution; geocentric theory versus the scientific method; Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, and Montesquieu; enlightenment; social issues and the spread of enlightenment ideas; the American Revolution; causes of the French Revolution; governments of revolutionary France; and the rise and fall of Napoleon.
• Unit 5 – Historic Revolutions I This unit discusses the American Revolution; the tension between the Colonies and England; The writing and signing of the Declaration of Independence; the origins of the Constitution; the Bill of Rights; as well as the causes of the French Revolution; governments of revolutionary France; and the rise and fall of Napoleon.
• Unit 6 – Historic Revolutions II This unit discusses the other influential revolutions around the world, including China and their shift to Communism; South Asia’s revolution for independence; Mohandas Ghandi; and the struggle that eventually led to the establishment of the Jewish state, Israel.
• Unit 7 – European Monarchs 1500-1800 This unit discusses Spain and France’s absolute monarchs; Spanish conflicts with England; England’s monarchs and parliament; the Russian rulers Ivan, Peter, and Catherine; and the Thirty Years’ War.
• Unit 8 – Industrialization and Nationalism 1700-1900 This unit discusses the industrial revolution, the factory, factory workers, Laissez-Faire economics, technological and human achievements, reform and revolution movements, how nationalism in Europe shifted the balance of power, and the Age of Imperialism.
• Unit 9 –World War I: 1914-1918 This unit discusses the causes of World War I – also known as The Great War, trench warfare and weaponry, how war was redefined, the role of Russia and the Revolution, the United States and World War I, and the cost of peace.
• Unit 10 – Post World War I through World War II: 1919-1945 This unit discusses conflict in Asia and Africa; the worldwide Great Depression; Japanese imperialism; the rise of the dictators Musolini, Stalin, and Hitler; the causes of World War II – the Axis Powers; the response of the Allies; war in the Pacific; the Holocaust – Nazi anti-semitism; the end of World War II – the Battle of the Bulge and Hiroshima; and the results of World War II.
• Unit 11 – Contemporary Issues: 1945 – Present This unit discusses the causes of the Cold War; the Korean War; the nuclear arms race; Glasnost, perestroika, and the breakup of the Soviet Union; the Vietnam War; Communist China; the struggle for freedom in Africa; the Suez Canal and Pan-Arabism; Middle East conflicts; modern conflicts – the Taliban and Islamic extremists; the rise of modern dictatorships; causes of terrorism such as politics and religion, and what we can do about terrorism; economics – trade, commerce, and interdependence; and current and future implications of the Age of Information.
AP World History
• COURSE OVERVIEW: AP World History has been audited and approved by College Board to provide students with a college-level learning experience. This course focuses on world history from 8000 BCE to present. Students investigate the content of world history for significant events, individuals, developments, and processes in six historical periods and develop the same thinking skills and methods employed by historians when they study the past. AP World History has been audited and approved by the College Board. AP World History is A-G Approved through the University of California.
• Unit 1 In this introductory unit, students are introduced to the concepts of big geography & the peopling of the Earth, the River Valley Civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, India & China, and exceptions to River Valley Civilizations.
• Unit 2 This unit delves into classical China, and its political, religious, economic, and social attributes. Additionally, the formative years of India, classical India including the Mauryan and Gupta empires, and the political, religious, economic, and social characteristics of India. This unit also covers the Persian influence, Minoans, Mycenaeans, and the Mediterranean empires of Greece and Rome, followed by their comparisons and trade networks.
• Unit 3 This unit begins with an introduction to the era from 600 C.E - 1450 C.E, the origin of Islam, the spread of Islam & the Umayyad Dynasty, the Abbasid & Golden Age of Islam, and the Byzantine Empire. This unit continues by introducing the analyzing western Europe & the Middle Ages, the Sui Dynasty and Tang Dynasty of China, as well as the Mongols and the Americas and Oceania.
• Unit 4 In this unit, students analyze belief systems, European exploration, China, the Ming, Japan & Africa, and the transformation of western Europe. The Scientific Revolution & the Enlightenment, the rise of Russia, and the westernization of Russia are also analyzed. Finally, the Spanish in America, labor systems, the Atlantic Slave Trade, and the Gunpowder Empires are discussed.
• Unit 5 This unit begins with an introduction to the era from 1750 - 1900 with a particular focus on the Industrial Revolution, the social effects of industrialization, the imperialism of India & China, Japan, and Africa, as well as absolutism. Additionally, a focus is placed on the American Revolution, the French Revolution, Haitian Revolution, and migrations and review.
• Unit 6 Students begin in this unit by analyzing the important historical significance of the 1900’s. A particular focus is placed on World War I, the Russian Revolution, The Great Depression, the rise of fascism, and Japan after WWI. These concepts are built upon with an analysis of World War II in Europe, and World War II in Asia.
• Unit 7 This unit begins with an in depth analysis of the Cold War, followed by the study of communism in China, decolonization, and the world economy. Additionally, religion in the age of globalization is covered, as well as global liberation & feminism, and global environmentalism.
• COURSE OVERVIEW: The U.S. Government course presents the history, theory, structure, and mechanics of the United States Government, as well as the responsibilities and impact of its citizens. Course topics include: Foundations of Government; Historical Foundations; Formation of the Constitution; Overview of the Constitution; Checks and Balances; Federalism; Bill of Rights and Amendments; Supreme Court Cases; Political Participation and Political Parties; Process of Elections and Influence of Mass Media; Public Policy and Interest Groups; U.S. Government is A-G Approved through the University of California.
• Unit 1 – Foundations of Government This unit discusses unlimited and limited government, Hobbes and Locke, and Rousseau and Montesquieu.
• Unit 2 – Historical Foundations This unit discusses the English documents that shaped the U.S. Constitution, the French and Indian War, British acts towards the Colonists in America, the reaction of the Colonists, the “Shot Heard Round the World” on April 19, 1775, and an overview and breakdown of the Declaration of Independence.
• Unit 3 – Formation of the Constitution This unit discusses the structure, weakness, and downfall of the Articles of Confederation, Shay’s Rebellion, compromises at the Constitutional Convention, Federalists and anti-Federalists, and the Federalist Papers.
• Unit 4 – Overview of the Constitution This unit discusses why it is important to study the constitution, the major principals of the Constitution, and the five articles of the Constitution, including the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Branches, relations among the States, and the amendment process.
• Unit 5 – Checks and Balances This unit discusses the branches of government, how a Bill becomes a Law, qualifications of Congress and of the Executive and Judicial Branches, the impeachment process, the Electoral College, leadership positions in Congress, and Presidential Succession.
• Unit 6 – Federalism This unit provides an overview of Federalism, the Supremacy Clause in Article 6, and the structure of State and Local Government.
• Unit 7 – Bill of Rights and Amendments This unit provides an overview of the Bill of Rights, then offers in-depth examination of the Bill of Rights one through ten, followed by the First Amendment, the Fourth Amendment, Amendments 11 through 20, and Amendments 21 through 27.
• Unit 8 – Supreme Court Cases This unit discusses the Supreme Court Cases of New Jersey versus TLO, Plessy versus Ferguson, Brown versus the Board of Education, Gideon versus Wainwright, and Miranda versus Arizona.
• Unit 9 – Political Participation and Political Parties This unit discusses political bias, responsibilities and participation, expansion of voter’s rights, the purpose and functions of parties, and the significance of third parties.
• Unit 10 – Process of Elections and Influence of Mass Media This unit discusses the order of electing a President, the impact of media on elections and on public policy, and media during the Internet Age.
• Unit 11 – Public Policy and Interest Groups This unit discusses the role of public opinion, domestic and foreign policy, funding public policy with taxes, and the purpose and influence of interest groups and lobbyists.
• COURSE OVERVIEW: The Economics course provides students with an introduction to the foundational principles of the economics of the world. Instruction ranges from markets and demand, GDP, banking, policy, inflation, and unemployment, to trade, currency and competition. Economics is A-G Approved through the University of California.
• Unit 1 - Scarcity, Markets, Supply, and Demand In this introductory unit students will learn about the production possibilities frontier, the law of increasing, opportunity costs, specialization, comparative advantage, exchange, circular flow, as well as the demand curve, supply curve, market equilibrium for supply and demand, producer and consumer surplus, and capitalism.
• Unit 2 - GDP, Inflation, and Unemployment This unit discusses components of GDP, circular flow in GDP, inflation, nominal vs. real GDP, and CPI. Additionally, students delve into the effects of inflation, phases of the business cycle, types of unemployment, measuring unemployment, and costs of unemployment.
• Unit 3 - Aggregate Supply and Demand Within this unit students extend their knowledge by addressing micro vs macroeconomics, circular flow with aggregate demand, components of aggregate demand, the shifting the aggregate demand curve, and short term aggregate supply. Additional concepts addressed include shifting the short-term aggregate supply, the keynesian long run aggregate supply, classical analysis of aggregate supply, and shifting the long-term aggregate supply. Students will also gain knowledge about short-run macroequilibrium, long-run classical macroequilibrium, long-run keynesian macroequilibrium, and growing output via government spending.
• Unit 4 - Money, Banking, and Financial Markets This unit discusses functions of money, money's inherent value, money as debt, time value of money, money and prices, and money supply. The unit also discusses monetary value, the US financial system, the money market, the bond market, the stock market, the loanable funds theory, and creating money with money multiplier.
• Unit 5 - Monetary and Fiscal Policy In this unit, students explore central banks, goals of monetary policy, tools of monetary policy, effects of monetary policy, monetary policy, real GDP and price level, monetary policy and aggregate demand, the strengths and weaknesses of monetary policy, and the quantity theory of money. Students also explore classical economic policy, monetarism, discretionary fiscal policy, non-discretionary fiscal policy, monetarism vs. classical vs. fiscal policy, deficits and surpluses, the laffer curve, balanced budgets, the burden of public debt, as well as crowding out, fiscal and monetary policy coordination, and Say's law.
• Unit 6 - Inflation and Unemployment This unit guides students through demand pull inflation, cost push inflation, short-run phillips curve, long-run phillips curve, stagflation, growth economics, and productivity. The unit also guides students through labor demand curve, wage rate, diminishing marginal utility, marginal revenue product, components of growth, and economies of scale.
• Unit 7 - Trade Students begin this unit by learning about why people trade, absolute advantage, types of trade, gains from trade, international supply and demand, equilibrium world price, the trade barrier, as well as implications of tariffs, implications of quotas, and protectionism.
• Unit 8 - Currency This unit delves into foreign currency demand, the supply of currency & exchange rate, determination, and currency appreciation. Students also learn about currency depreciation, capital account, current account, and current account and currency.
• Unit 9 - Competition In the last unit of the Economics course, students will learn about monopolies vs oligopolies, pure competition vs monopolistic competition, and the competition spectrum.
• COURSE OVERVIEW: Geography course investigates the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of the Earth, explores the physical and cultural geography of the world and helps students to understand how physical surroundings shape and impact the everyday lives of people around the world, discusses how people deal with difficult environments and how they use their environment to their advantage, further explores geography-related challenges that lie ahead, as well as physical resource management. Geography helps high school students obtain a good foundation in world geography. Course topics include: Physical Geography; Human Geography; Climate; Europe; Russia; North, Middle, and South America; Africa; Asia. Geography is A-G Approved through the University of California.
• Unit 1 – Physical Geography This unit introduces Geography and discusses why we study Geography. It goes on to cover location, time, the International Dateline, landforms, tectonic movement, and weathering.
• Unit 2 – Human Geography This unit discusses cultural, population, economic, and political geography, migration, diffusion, and maps.
• Unit 3 – Climate This unit discusses climate, including tropical, dry, mid-latitude, arctic, and highland climate regions, ocean currents, El Nino and El Nina, and extreme weather.
• Unit 4 – Europe This unit discusses Europe as a continent of peninsulas, its oceans and seas, its landforms, climate, vegetation, culture, and economics. It further discusses the British Islands, Mediterranean Europe, working with landforms as exemplified by the Netherlands, taking advantage of a location, as exemplified by Denmark, and London, an example of a city on a river.
• Unit 5 – Russia This unit discusses Russia, its dealing with space, its diversity and devolution, European Russia, Russia East of the Urals, and St. Petersburg, where the people deal with a difficult landscape.
• Unit 6 – North America This unit discusses North America's regions, landforms, climate, population, oceans, waterways, use of rivers and water, its resources, precipitation, mid-latitude ecosystems, agriculture, and the Great Plains. Also covered are urbanization, manufacturing, the U.S. Economy, demographics, and environment in the 21st Century, and Canada.
• Unit 7 – Middle America This unit discusses the continental, volcanic, and low coral islands in the Caribbean Sea, tourism, a physical and a human overview of Mexico, Mexico in the 21st Century, and Central America.
• Unit 8 – South America This unit provides a physical overview of South America, then discusses its Northern areas, the High Andes, the Rio Plata Basin, Brazil, and the 21st Century Challenges South America faces.
• Unit 9 – Africa This unit discusses North, West, Central, East, and Southern Africa, and the challenges posed to Africa in the 21st Century.
• Unit 10 – Southwest Asia This unit discusses Southwest Asia, providing a physical and a human overview, then discussing the economics of oil, the areas South of the Mediterranean Coast, Iraq, the Mountain States, and 21st Century Challenges.
• Unit 11 – South Asia This unit presents a physical overview of South Asia, then discusses its colonial legacies, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, and the Indian Ocean.
• Unit 12 – East Asia This unit presents a physical and human overview of China and discusses its cities and rivers and its role in the Global Economy. Also included are a physical and human overview of Maritime East Asia.
• Unit 13 – Southeast Asia This unit presents a physical and human overview of Southeast Asia, then discusses Indonesia, Australia, New Zealand, the Pacific Islands, open spaces, and globalization.
AP European History
• COURSE OVERVIEW: AP European History course, students learn about the cultural, economic, political, and social developments that have shaped today’s world by studying European history from 1450 to the present. Students study the great awakening referred to as the Renaissance, as well as the reformations that took place during this critical time in history. They study the religious tensions and wars of this period, as well as revolutions, industrialization, liberalism, conservatism, and nationalism. They also learn about socialism and marxism, the second industrial revolution, and the World Wars. They go on to study Europe in the Twentieth Century, with its technology, its religious and social transformations, its feminism, its "modern" women, and its new political voices and social life. This course has been audited and approved by College Board to provide students with a college-level learning experience. This course is also A-G approved through the University of California.
• Unit 1 - A Society Awakens, 1450-1556 In this unit students learn about Italian renaissance humanism, the printing press, renaissance art and architecture, new monarchs, Machiavelli, mannerism, christian humanism, and the Protestant, Catholic, and English reformations. They also learn about motivations for exploration, waves of exploration and colonization, the Columbian exchange, and the African slave trade. Students also evaluate the differing views of the Renaissance held by Jacob Burkhardt and Peter Burke. They explain why they do or don't believe that the Renaissance is a distinct period. Further, they evaluate the artist's purpose, point of view, and intended audience of two pieces of art, one northern, one southern, and compare and contrast the values and ideals of the societies that produced them. In addition, students analyze the reasons for European exploration and its effects upon European and American societies, as reflected by the authors Richard Reed, M.L. Bush, and Gary Nash. Students consider how the Renaissance and the Reformation changed the way society viewed individuality, as well as how the movements restructured individuals' relationships with God.
• Unit 2 - The Age of Religious Tensions, 1556-1648 In this unit students learn about the scientific revolution, baroque art, the English Civil War, wars of religion, the Thirty Years' War, economic expansion in the 15th and 16th centuries, agriculture, and the Price Revolution. They also learn about the rise of urban centers, family life in early modern Europe, popular culture, and witchcraft. In addition, students compare and contrast the political, economic, and religious reasons for the rise of the Dutch and the decline of the Spanish in the period 1550-1650. They also evaluate Holborn and Schiller's explanations of the Thirty Years' War and compare them with the account provided by Spielvogel. They explain which argument they find most compelling and express their opinions on the matter. Students consider the ways in which European states and institutions used religion and culture (science and the arts) to control their society, and which states were the most successful at this.
• Unit 3 - Society in Transition, 1648-1750 In this unit students learn about Louis XIV and absolutism, the Glorious Revolution, constitutionalism, development of a market economy, and mercantilism. They also learn about commercial rivalries and warfare, Dutch realism, the enlightenment, how the enlightenment was popularized, religious enlightenment, and enlightened absolutism. Students evaluate the changing roles of the nobility in European society (1450-1789) using three secondary sources: John Roberts, Leonard Krieger, and Jerome Blum. In addition, students compare and contrast the lives of common people and elites during the period 1650-1750, and their own lives. They further consider in what ways enlightenment thinkers challenged previously held notions of human nature, government, and religious beliefs.
• Unit 4 - An Age of Revolution, 1750-1815 In this unit students learn about Malthusian growth, the consumer revolution, the French Revolution, and Napoleanic Europe. They also learn about neoclassicism, British industrialization, and continental industrialization. Students analyze the extent to which the Industrial Revolution altered the lives of England's working class. They further analyze the political, economic, and social causes for the French Revolution of 1789. Students study French Revolution documents to analyze the influence of enlightenment theory on the moderate phase of the French Revolution. They compare and contrast the accounts of the French Revolution provided by Lefebvre and Sutherland. They consider to what extent the French Revolution amounted to a "Revolution" in economic terms for each of the following groups: nobility, middle class, average person, and women.
• Unit 5 - An Age of Change, 1815-1871 In this unit students learn about the industrial class system, liberalism, conservatism, and nationalism. They also learn about socialism and marxism. They study the concert of Europe, romanticism, the revolutions of 1830 and 1848, the Crimean War, nationalism, national unification, and realism. Students assess whether the Old Order or the New Order won the battle to control Europe between 1815 and 1830. They research modern 21st century liberalism in Europe and compare and contrast these views with those of early 19th century classical liberalism. They assess the extent to which the Crimean War changed the course of 19th century European history. They go on to use a map to analyze Haussman and the changes he made, and to explain how those changes, along with new breakthroughs in medicine and sanitation, are representative of the new Industrial Revolution. Further, they consider to what extent the western European powers sacrificed the interests of the working classes to please the middle class in the period 1815-1848.
• Unit 6 - An Age of Questioning, 1871-1914 In this unit students learn about the second industrial revolution, 19th-century family life, consumerism, impressionism, mass politics, governmental responses to industrialization, the new nationalism, Charles Darwin, and social Darwinism. They also learn about the study of the irrational, post-impressionism, motivations of imperialism, technology and imperialism, imperialism itself, and the alliance system. Students analyze the reasons why late nineteenth-century Europeans argued for and against imperialism. Using one Impressionist piece of art from this period and one piece of art from any prior period, students explain why the Impressionist period was the turning point for modern art. They discuss the views of Hobsbawm and Landes on the short and long-term effects of imperialism. They assess the ways in which the following individuals challenged the established social/intellectual order in the period 1871-1914: Freud, Neitzesche, Einstein, the Pankhursts, Herzl, Bernstein, and the Social Democratic Parties in Germany and Great Britain.
Unit 7 - A Time of Crisis, 1914-1933 In this unit students study the causes of World War I, the war itself, the Russian Revolution, and the Treaty of Versille. They also learn about postwar economic challenges, cubism, Fascist Italy, and Nazi Germany. They use three pieces of art to assess to what extent the artistic movements of the 1920s reflected the mood of European society. Using the secondary sources Roland Stromberg, Hartmug Pogge von Strandmann, and Gordon Craig, students analyze the various reasons for the coming of the First World War in 1914. Students also compare and contrast the depictions of World War I provided by early press releases and the "trench poets."
• Unit 8 - A Time of Tragedy and Triumph, 1938-2010 In this unit students learn about World War II and its causes. They also learn about the Holocaust, the Cold War, decolonization, the rise of the welfare state, and Cold War Eastern Europe. Students analyze the various views on the wisdom of appeasement and how it contributed to World War II. They assess the reasons that Europeans began to decolonize in the period after 1945. Further, they compare and contrast appeasement on the eve of World War II with western European responses to the annexation of Crimea by Russia in 2014. They also assess the negative and positive impacts of European interactions with Africa and Asia. They go on to research the development of the welfare state in Europe and America, and then select.an individual country and argue in favor of it providing "the best life" to all of its citizens.
• Unit 9 - The Twentieth Century In this unit students learn about science and technology in the 20th Century. They also learn about anxiety and existentialism, the changing face of religion in the 20th century, and social transformation in the 20th Century. They go on to learn about feminism and the modern woman, and new voices in politics and social life.
• COURSE OVERVIEW: The Personal Finance course is designed to prepare students with the skills and knowledge needed to shape their financial future. The course will provide a tool-kit of knowledge resources that will empower students to make informed financial decisions. The course covers real world topics including income, money management, credit, as well as saving and investing. Students will have the opportunity to explore concepts such as budgeting; checking and saving accounts; and investment options. The course also teaches sound practices in the areas of finance, debt, risk management, taxes, and credit management. Course topics include: Fundamental economic principles; How to find a job, including resume preparation; Factors that affect income; Budgeting and spending; Planning for taxes; How to prepare a tax return and other tax forms; Income vs. net worth; Choosing a bank; Debit cards and ATMs; Insurance and risk management; Credit management; Interest rates; Credit card management; Loans and mortgages; Credit laws that protect consumers; Avoiding scams and identity theft; Saving and investing. Personal Finance is A-G Approved through the University of California.
• Unit 1 – Introduction to Personal Finance This unit introduces the reasons to study personal finance, basics economics, and making informed financial decisions.
• Unit 2 – Earning Income This unit discusses employment basics, becoming and entrepreneur, and factors that affect income.
• Unit 3 – Tax Fundamentals This unit discusses Income Tax, tax planning, how to prepare a tax return, and tax related forms.
• Unit 4 – Budgeting and Spending This unit discusses what a budget is, income versus net worth, choosing a bank, financial services, debit cards and ATMs.
• Unit 5 – Insurance and Risk Management This unit discusses financial risk, health, disability, life insurance, auto insurance, homeowner's insurance, and renter's insurance.
• Unit 6 – Credit Fundamentals This unit discusses credit, interest basics, guidelines for making decisions about credit, how to obtain credit, and credit score.
• Unit 7 – Interest Fundamentals This unit discusses interest rates, compound versus simple interest, calculating interest, annual percentage rate (APR), and finance charges.
• Unit 8 – Credit Cards This unit discusses criteria for selecting a credit card, credit limit, calculating credit card interest, and preventing credit card debt.
• Unit 9 – Loans and Mortgages This unit discusses mortgage loan basics, auto loan basics, amortization, collateral, and saving by comparing options.
• Unit 10 – Credit Laws That Protect Consumers This unit discusses the Truth in Lending Act, the Fair Credit Reporting Act, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, the Fair Credit Billing Act, the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, the Electronic Funds Transfer Act, and the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act.
• Unit 11 – Scams, Schemes, and Identity Theft This unit discusses loan scams, high-cost credit schemes to avoid, and preventing identity theft.
• Unit 12 – Saving and Investing This unit discusses saving – paying yourself first, certificates of deposit (CD), U.S. Government Savings Bonds, investment basics, risks of investing, the Rule of 72, investing in real estate, investing in stocks, index and mutual funds, and calculating investment accumulations.
• COURSE OVERVIEW: Psychology introduces students to the science of psych. Students learn foundational knowledge regarding the scientific method, and human anatomy, and apply this to the study of memory, learning, stress, thought and personality, and states of consciousness. Students also analyze common psychological disorders career paths within Psychology. Psychology is A-G Approved through the University of California.
• Unit 1 Students begin this unit by learning about early observations in psychology, psychology as a science, the scientific method, and the nature of nature. Students will also begin learning about structuralism, functionalism, psychoanalysis, as well as other influences the affect psychology, ending with an integrated concept review on the origins of psychology.
• Unit 2 This unit focuses on the parts and functions of the brain and it's importance in the field of psychology. Areas of focus include the hemispheres, the hindbrain, the midbrain, the forebrain, and the lobes of the brain. This unit ends with an integrated concept review on the brain.
• Unit 3 In this unit students learn about the central nervous system, the peripheral nervous system, the neuron, and sending and receiving a signal. Students will also learn about neurotransmission, and the endocrine system. In conclusion, students will experience an integrated concept review on the nervous & endocrine systems.
• Unit 4 This unit discusses learning, the process of memory, the three stages of memory, types of memory, and methods of storage, as well as remembering, interference, and an integrated concept review about the mind.
• Unit 5 Within this unit students will learn how people learn, concepts addressed include conditioning and post conditioning, the role and work of JB Watson, operant conditioning, shaping behavior, social learning, and integrated concept review on learning.
• Unit 6 This unit guides students through stress, general adaptation syndrome, the filter and ABCs of behavior, sources of stress, conflict, and responses to stress. Students will also learn about health concerns, coping, and experience an integrated concept review on stress.
• Unit 7 In this unit students continue to add to their academic repertoire by obtaining a deeper knowledge of personality and it's role in the field of psychology. Specifically, students will learn about personality types, behaviorism, biological theories, and trait theories, as well as humanism, the psychoanalytic theory, and the loop on theories of personality.
• Unit 8 This unit focuses on the integral role that sleep plays in our lives. Consciousness biorhythms, sleep, sleep cycles, sleep disorders, and hypnosis biofeedback and meditation are addressed. Additionally, students learn about psychoactive drugs and experience an integrated concept review on consciousness.
• Unit 9 In this unit, students learn about pathology, classification of disorders, psychology vs. psychiatry, and childhood and adolescent disorders. Students also will learn about anxiety disorders, mood disorders, dissociative disorders, somatoform disorders, and experience integrated concept review on the psychological disorders.
• Unit 10 This unit teaches about psychopathology, schizophrenia, types of schizophrenia, as well as personality disorders. Additionally, student will learn about types of personality disorders, cognitive disorders, and the loop on psychological disorders.
• Unit 11 Within the last unit of psychology, students will gain an understanding of the psychologist, areas of specialization, education, and development and personality. Students will conclude with learning about the industry, other fields related to psychology and an integrated concept review covering all careers in psychology.
• COURSE OVERVIEW: The AP Psychology course introduces students to the systematic and scientific study of human behavior and mental processes. Topics discussed include: Biological bases of behavior; Sensation and Perception; Learning and Cognition; Motivation; Developmental Psychology; Testing and Individual Differences; Treatment of Abnormal Behavior; Social Psychology; This course has been audited and approved by the College Board. AP Psychology is A-G Approved through the University of California.
• Unit 1 - Psychology – History and Approaches In this unit, students consider the question "what is psychology?" They learn the pre-history of psychology, as well as early schools of thought in psychology, the psycho-dynamic approach, the behavioral (learning) approach, the cognitive approach, the biological (neuroscience) approach, the humanistic approach, the socio-cultural approach, and the evolutionary approach. In addition, they study an eclectic view of psychology and sub-fields of psychology.
• Unit 2 - Research Methodology and Statistics In this unit, students study hurdles to research, the scientific method, descriptive research, and correlational research. They explore experimental research, including basics, set up, and variables. They investigate statistics, including measures of central tendency, measures of variation, and inferential statistics. Finally, they discuss ethical guidelines in psychology.
• Unit 3 - Biological Basis of Behavior In this unit, students study neurons, including the basics, structure, action/resting potential, and how neurons communicate (neurotransmitters). They also learn about types of neurotransmitters, the nervous system, sympathetic vs. parasympathetic, and the endocrine system. They gain understanding of brain damage and brain imaging techniques. They investigate the brain, including the brain stem, the limbic system, the cerebral cortex, the lobes, language, plasticity, and splitting the brain. They discuss evolutionary psychology, gene structures, and twins.
• Unit 4 - Developmental Psychology In this unit, students consider the question, "what is developmental psychology?" They go on to study prenatal development, reflexes, infancy, and early childhood. They explore Piaget and the four states of cognitive development. They investigate attachment and parenting styles as described by Baumrind, as well as gender, adolescence, moral development, including the work of Kohlberg, and Erikson's eight stages of social development. They further study adulthood and aging, as well as death and dying.
• Unit 5 - States of Consciousness In this unit students learn about consciousness versus unconsciousness. They study the circadian rhythm and the four stages of sleep, they give particular attention to the REM stages of sleep, and they consider why we sleep. They explore sleep disorders, dreams, why we dream, hypnosis, drugs: dependence and addiction, and categories of drugs.
• Unit 6 - Sensation and Perception In this unit students study the processing of sensation and perception. They discuss thresholds, selective attention, transduction and sensory adaptation. They learn about vision, including light energy, the structure of the eye, the retina, visual processing, and color processing. They discuss hearing, including sound waves, the structure of the ear, perception, and deafness. They explore touch sensation, taste sensation, smell sensation, and perceptual organization, as well as form perception, binocular and monocular cues in depth perception, motion perception, perceptual constancy, perceptual adaptation and set, and extrasensory perception.
• Unit 7 - Learning In this unit students consider the question, "what is learning?" They explore classical conditioning, including studying Pavlov’s dog and Little Albert. They study operant conditioning, including Thorndike and Skinner. They investigate types of reinforcers, types of punishments, reinforcement schedules, and motivation. Students also discuss social-cognitive learning and the work of Edward Tolman, as well as learning by observation, and pro-social versus anti-social learning.
• Unit 8 - Cognition In this unit, students study the information processing model, including basics, encoding basics, encoding process, encoding SPE, encoding mnemonics, storage basics, storage stages 1, 2, and 3, and retrieval. They also learn about forgetting and interference, as well as why we forget, memory construction, thinking, and concepts about thinking. They explore problem solving, including algorithms and heuristics, and insight and creativity. They investigate obstacles to problem solving, and talk about language, including language parts, structure, basic development, explanations of development, and linguistic determinism.
• Unit 9 - Motivation and Emotion In this unit students come to understand instinct and drive reduction, incentive and arousal, the hierarchy of needs, hunger, eating disorders and obesity, and work motivation. They also explore theories of emotion, happiness, and social conflict. They investigate stress, including basics and personality types, general adaptation syndrome, and dealing with stress.
• Unit 10 - Testing and Individual Differences In this unit students study the G Factor Theory of Intelligence, as well as multiple other theories of intelligence. They also discuss creativity and emotional intelligence, as well as intelligence testing, its origins, and its modern state. They explore standardized test construction, extremes of intelligence, influences and differences with intelligence, and the Flynn effect and test bias.
• Unit 11 - Personality In this unit students gain understanding of psychoanalysis, including Freud's model of the mind, and his personality structure. They learn about defense mechanisms, the neo-freudians, what a projective test is, and about humanistic perspective. They also study trait perspective, behaviorism and social-cognitive, and exploring the self.
• Unit 12 - Abnormal Psychology In this unit students learn about defining and understanding psychological disorders, including classifying psychological disorders. They study causes of abnormal behavior, anxiety disorders, somatoform disorders, dissociative disorders, mood disorders, schizophrenia, personality disorders, and other disorders.
• Unit 13 - Treatment of Psychological Disorders In this unit students study an overview of therapy. They explore psychoanalysis (psychodynamic) therapies, humanistic therapies, behavioral (learning) therapies, cognitive therapies, and biomedical (biological) therapies.
• Unit 14 - Social Psychology In this unit students explore attribution, attitudes and actions, roles and cognitive dissonance, conformity including the work of Asch, and obedience, including the work of Milgram. They also investigate group influence and group interaction, prejudice, aggression, attraction, altruism, conflict and peacemaking.
• Unit 15 - AP Psychology National Test Preparation In this unit students prepare for the AP Psychology National Test. They study an overview of the test, and prepare for both the multiple choice and the free response sections of the test.
Epic Moments in World History
• COURSE OVERVIEW: Epic Moments in World History is an elective History course that will take students through the beginnings of civilization, to the present day, looking into just how our global society has evolved into the world we now live in.
• Unit 1 - The Rise of Ancient Civilizations (3500 - 1000 B.C.) In the introductory unit of Epic Moments in World History, students learn about the rise of ancient civilizations beginning as long ago as 3500 B.C. They begin with the Indus valley, and continue learning about Mesopotamia, China, and Ancient Egypt.
• Unit 2 - Classical Greece (2000-300 B.C.) In this unit students explore Classical Greece. They study Greek life, Greek Myths, and law and order as practiced by the people of Classical Greece. They study Sparta, as well as the philosophers of Greece and the origins of the Olympics.
• Unit 3 - Ancient Rome (500 B.C. - 500 A.D.) In this unit students investigate Ancient Rome, beginning with the Republic and its power, and going on to study the lasting legacy of Julius Caesar, the rise of Christianity and its impact, and the contributions of Rome that have endured through the centuries.
• Unit 4 - Empires in East Asia (600 - 1350 A.D.) In this unit the students turn to the East to study the Empires of East Asia. They explore the Tang and Song Dynasties of China, then learn about how the Mongols rose to power, and the influence of Marco Polo.
• Unit 5 - The Formation of Western Europe (800 - 1500 A.D.) In this unit, students come to understand the role that religion played on the early formation of Western Europe. They study the crusades and the Knights Templar, and investigate trade and business. They learn about the rise of the University, the impact of the Bubonic Plague on Trade, and the lasting impact of the Hundred Years' War.
• Unit 6 - European Renaissance and Reformation (1300-1600 A.D.) In this unit students explore Italy as the birthplace of the Renaissance, as well as the art revolution that occurred during the Renaissance. They study Leonardo da Vinci and the reasons he is called "The Renaissance Man." They investigate Thomas More's Utopia, as well as William Shakespeare, and the lasting impact the Renaissance has had. Finally, they study Martin Luther's Reformation and its legacy.
• Unit 7 - The Age of Exploration (1400-1800 A.D.) In this unit students learn about the spread of Christianity, the search for better, faster trade routes, and the beginning of a focus on the riches that could be made from the import of foreign goods. They discuss European exploration, and the isolation of China and Japan during that exploration. They study Christopher Columbus and Spain's Conquistadors, and the lasting impact all of these explorers had on the world. They gain understanding of European settlement in North America, the Atlantic Slave Trade, and the lasting impact of the Columbian Exchange.
Unit 8 - The Enlightenment and Revolution (1550-1800 A.D.) In this unit students gain understanding of the Enlightenment and the American Revolution. They begin with the scientific revolution, and go on to discuss Thomas Hobbes' 'Leviathan,' John Locke's 'Natural Rights,' 'On the Spirit of Laws by Baron de Montesquieu, 'The Social Contract' by Jean Jacques Rousseau, and 'The Rights of Women' by Mary Wollstonecraft. Students explore the Declaration of Independence by Thomas Jefferson, and learn about the Boston Tea Party, the Impact of the Enlightenment on America, the Articles of Confederation, the American Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and the impact of the American Presidency. They also discuss Napoleon Bonaparte, the French Empire, and the Congress of Vienna.
• Unit 9 - The Industrial Revolution (1700-1900 A.D.) In this unit students investigate the rise of the Industrial Revolution in Britain, the transportation revolution, the rise of global urbanization, and the global spread of the industrial revolution. They further study Laissaz-faire Economics and Adam Smith, capitalistic economics, socialist economics, and Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto, as well as unions, slavery, and women's rights
• Unit 10 - The Age of Imperialism (1850-1914 A.D.) In this unit, students learn about the lasting impact of both social Darwinism and the Suez Canal, as well as about the Berlin Conference, China and the West, the Economic Imperialism of the United States, and the lasting impact of global imperialism.
• Unit 11 - The Great War (1914-1918 A.D.) In this unit students begin to understand World War I. They learn about the assassination of Ferdinand, the Bolshevik Revolution, the Treaty of Versailles, the League of Nations, and the Chinese Civil War.
• Unit 12 - The Second Great War (1935-1947 A.D.) In this unit students investigate World War II. They study the worldwide depression of the 1930's, the election of Adolf Hitler, Hitler's plan for the 'Third Reich,' the Non-aggression Pact, and the Munich Pact. They learn about the lasting impact of the attack on Pearl Harbor, the global turning point of Stalingrad, and the lasting impact of the Invasion of Normandy Beach. They explore the Manhattan Project, its global impact, and the start of the atomic age. They also learn about the economic impact of the G.I. Bill, the creation of the United Nations, and the global ramifications of the Iron Curtain.
• Unit 13 - The Postwar World and the Cold War (1945-1991 A.D.) In this unit students learn about the Potsdam Conference, the Cold War and its impact, the CIA and the KGB, and the Berlin Airlift. They study the H-Bomb and the Cold War, as well as the detonation of the atomic bomb by the USSR, the impact of the Korean, the Vietnam, and the Chinese Civil Wars. They learn about the impact of Sputnik, the failure of the Bay of Pigs in Cuba, the construction of the Berlin wall, and the Cuban missile crisis. They further study the impact of the space race between the United States and the USSR, the USSR's invasion of Afghanistan, and the global impact of the fall of the USSR.
• Unit 14 - Global Interdependence (1960-Present Day) In this unit, students study current global issues. These issues include security (especially in regards to the role of the United Nations), health, human rights, and media. Students further discuss the future challenges and hopes of globalization.
High School Social Studies SEd
• COURSE OVERVIEW: High School Social Studies-SE is designed to help special education students to gain a basic understanding of social studies. This course discusses the regional landforms, climates, maps, and natural resources in the U.S. It goes on to explore the diversity of the American population and political concepts such as democracy, maps, the U.S. Constitution, and citizens' responsibilities. The course also touches on the regions of the United States, discussing their land formations, resources, and people both historically and in modern times. Course topics include: The Regions of the United States; American Diversity; American Government; Resources and Trade; The Northeast Region and its People; The Southeast Region and its People; The Midwest Region and its People; The Southwest Region and its People; The Western Region and its People.
• Unit 1 – The Regions of the United States This unit discusses the regions, landforms, boundaries, and climates of the United States, as well as different climates, the map skill of using inset maps, and natural resources including using and conserving them.
• Unit 2 – American Diversity This unit discusses the early Americans and European explorers in America, how our borders have expanded, and our rich culture. Also included is a biography of Fiorello La Guardia.
• Unit 3 – American Government This unit discusses the American Government as the people's government, as well as the branches of our government, the U.S. Constitution, and the responsibilities of being an American. Also included is a biography of Daniel Inouye.
• Unit 4 – Resources and Trade This unit discusses our plentiful lands, how industry grows, early forms of trade, money, current forms of trade, making good choices, the transportation of goods, globalization, types of communication, and the map skill of using a road map.
• Unit 5 – The Northeast Region This unit discusses Niagra Falls, the Northeast mountain ranges, coastline, resources, and bays, and how to use a cross-section diagram.
• Unit 6 – People of the Northeast This unit covers the life of the Narragansett people, a political map of the Northeast Region, the beginning of a new nation, the European immigration, the fight for equal rights, and cities in the Northeast. Also included are how to use a vertical time line and biographies of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Andrew Carnegie.
• Unit 7 – The Southeast Region This unit includes a political map of the Southeast and covers the Southeastern coasts, mountains, climate, wildlife, and resources, as well as hurricanes, and the map skill of using elevation maps.
• Unit 8 – People of the Southeast This unit discusses the Cherokee people, the Trail of Tears, the Southeast's early explorers, settlers, famous faces, farms, and plantations. Also covered are the effects of the Civil War, rebuilding after the war, and the growth of Southeastern cities, as well as a biography of Sequoyah.
• Unit 9 – The Midwest Region This unit covers a political map of the Midwest, the Great Lakes, rivers, waterways, shipping on land and water, the South Dakota Badlands, farming, and comparing line and bar graphs.
• Unit 10 – People of the Midwest This unit covers Native Americans in the Midwest, the Midwestern fur trade, farmers, transportation and trade, the Midwest as an early center of trade, Lewis and Clark, and biographies of Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable, John Deere, and Mark Twain.
• Unit 11 – The Southwest Region This unit covers a political map of the Southwest region, the Grand Canyon, Southwestern climates, vegetation, technology, and oil. Also included is a biography of John Wesley Powell.
• Unit 12 – People in the Southwest This unit covers the Navajo people, spanish influence, ranches, cowboys and cowgirls, living in the desert, and biographies of Henry Chee Dodge and Willis Haviland Carrier.
• Unit 11 – The Western Region This unit covers mountain ranges, Yellowstone National Park, Western climates, resources, and a biography of Seth Lewelling.
• Unit 12 – People in the West This unit covers the Tlingit people, explorers of the West, the Gold Rush and the Wild West, Alaska and Hawaii, tourism, trade, and how to understand latitude and longitude. Also included is a biography of Levi Strauss.
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