Chapter 23 Quiz Part 2 - The Puritan and Catholic threat to Elizabeth's settlement
1. What name was given to Protestants who believed that the state had no right over the Church, and therefore that perhaps they should break with the Church of England?
2. These Protestants argued that they should not swear loyalty to the monarch, because of Predestination, meaning that they believed they were part of the ...?
3. Elizabeth refused to officially endorse which code, published by Matthew Parker in 1566, which stated expectations for clergymen in terms of doctrine, liturgy and clerical dress? (Offenders against the code would have to be tried either by herself or members of the Privy Council – this would set up a religious conflict that may have ended up in civil war).
The 39 Articles
The 6 Decrees
4 In which areas is there the most evidence for Catholicism continuing during the 1560s?
London and other urban areas
South West and areas far from London
Oxford and Cambridge
5. It is difficult to be precise about the numbers of Catholics after 1559, partly due to a difficulty in defining what being a Catholic actually meant. For example, what term is generally given to those Catholics who were loyal to Catholic beliefs but nevertheless attended the Anglican Church?
Prisoners of Rome
6. What term is generally used to refer to Catholics who refused to attend Church of England services and continued to believe in papal supremacy?
Prisoners of Rome
7. There was a controversy over the use of what in parish churches, demonstrating that Elizabeth did not share the same views as her bishops? (She wanted to keep these, whereas the bishops wanted them removed).
8. What name was given to the controversy where Elizabeth expected a more Catholic style of dress (including a surplice) than many staunch Protestants were willing to accept?
Black Rubric controversy
9. What arguments were used by committed Protestants against the wearing of surplices, risking suspension of their livings? (Choose THREE)
They rejected the idea that the clergy should be set apart from the laity as 'special'
Church doctrine and liturgy should be overseen by the monarch, not the Pope (Royal Supremacy)
There were biblical references forbidding the wearing of surplices
It was not the monarch’s right to determine clerical dress
Church decoration is a distraction from bible teachings
Transubstantiation is wrong - no miracle occurs during the Eucharist
Not all seven sacraments are referred to in the bible
Justification by Faith Alone
10. Who still placed the sacrament in the mouths of communicants after 1560? (He is just one example of many clergymen who maintained Catholic beliefs).
William Allen of Bristol
William Cecil of London
William Argyle of Cambridge
William James of Exeter
William Wallace of Chester
William Wall of Preston
11. Which influential members of communities across England could help support the continuance of belief and practice, by holding private masses in their personal chapels, for example, or turning a blind eye to recusancy? (Choose TWO)
Members of the gentry
The middling sort
Justices of the Peace
Members of England’s standing army
12. What term refers to the idea that most Catholics, until 1570, outwardly obeyed the Church of England while privately continuing to maintain their own beliefs?
13. Elizabeth avoided using the death penalty against those who refused the Oath of Supremacy twice (even though that was the punishment stated) by asking Parker not to offer the second opportunity to swear. She also avoided issuing the death penalty for saying Mass. Why did she take this tolerant and lenient approach? (Choose TWO reasons).
She did not have the resources to tackle religious non-compliance
She did not want to risk political instability if Catholic noblemen opposed her
She was a passive ruler who took little interest in ruling the country herself
She was fearful of Mary, Queen of Scots
She was not interested in religion
She was advised to do this by John Knox and William Cecil
She was scared of Catholic clergymen
She did not have the right educational background
This form was created inside of Bristol Grammar School.