Integrated Skills Program 2
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L1T2J - Learning about a hot topic
In this lesson, we're going to learn and talk about burns.
Task One: Read the text about today's topic. Answer the questions.
Touching things that are too hot can cause us pain and injure us. When this kind of injury comes from a dry heat, like a hot cup, plate or stone, we call it a burn. When it comes from a wet heat, like a hot liquid or drink, we call it a scald. Both types of injury are painful and can be serious.
1. What do we call a burn from hot water, hot coffee, hot tea etc.?
Burns can happen anywhere, but they are most common in the home with the kitchen and bathroom being the rooms where we burn or scald ourselves the most. The workplace can also be a common place for burns, depending on the job you do. Chefs and firefighters are most at risk of burns at work.
2. Where do most burns happen?
in the street
Two things cause the burn to occur: the heat itself and the length of time it is touching us. If something is 50ºC - which a hot cup or plate can be - , it needs to touch our skin for about a minute in order to cause a bad burn.
3. How long does it take to get a bad burn from something that is 50ºC?
As things get hotter, the length of time needed to cause a bad burn gets shorter. For example, if something is 70ºC, it takes only one second to give us a bad burn. This is why when you touch something very hot, your body automatically stops touching it as quickly as possible!
4. How long does it take to get a bad burn from something that is 70ºC?
If you get a serious burn, you should go to a hospital for treatment. But we can treat small burns ourselves. Putting cool water on the burned skin is the best treatment. Ice is too cold and can damage the skin more. Some people recommed putting butter or cream on burns, but these can stick to the skin and cause more pain and injury when they are removed.
5. What is it best to put on a burn if you get one?
Dan Logan has a weekly podcast called Hot Topic. In it, he talks about topics of interest.
Task Two: Listen to the introduction to Dan's podcast and complete the sentences below.
1. Hot drinks and hot _____ are two ways in which many children get burned in the home.
2. In the UK, _____ children every day go to hospital because of burns and scalds from hot drinks.
3. You should _____ to stop scalds from them.
put a lid on hot drinks
drink how drinks through a straw
wear gloves when touching hot drinks
4. If you do get a burn or scald from a drink, you should hold it under cool running water for _____ .
5. After taking the burn out from under the water, you should carefully put _____ on it to protect it.
a clean cloth
some antiseptic cream
some clean paper
6. You can also _____ for the pain if it is bad.
use an ice pack
rub the area
take some medicine
Task Three: Sam is asking Jennifer about the topic. Choose the best answers for Jennifer.
Sam: When did you last burn yourself?
I burned myself at my friend's house.
I burned myself on some hot noodles.
I burned myself three months ago.
Sam: How did you do it?
I did it in the kitchen.
I dropped a hot drink on my hand.
I did it in the evening.
Sam: Where did it happen?
It happened because I wasn't being careful.
It happened at home.
It happened when I was making dinner.
Sam: What did you do after it happened?
Because it wasn't very serious.
Yes, it hurt for the rest of the evening.
I put my hand in cool water.
Sam: Did you need to see a doctor?
No, because it wasn’t serious.
There are doctors at the hospital.
There was a mark on the skin for a few days.
Task Four: Watch the video and answer the questions with your own ideas.
Click the link below to see a pdf of this lesson.
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