UNIQUE Survey for vocational students and teachers in Europe
GALE is a global organization giving advice on diversity in education. This survey is part of a European research on gender and sexual diversity for the “UNIQUE” project. This project combats discrimination in vocational training. More information about this project can be found at https://www.gale.info/en/projects/unique-project.

This survey has 28 questions. You should be able to complete the survey in 15 minutes.

Participating in this research is voluntary. By submitting this survey, you agree to participate in the research. Your data are anonymous and cannot be traced back to you personally. All data GALE collects is guarded very securely. If you want to know more, read the GALE privacy policy: https://www.gale.info/doc/accountability/GALE-Privacy-Statement.pdf). If you would like more information about the project or about this survey, please do not hesitate to contact Peter Dankmeijer, p.dankmeijer@gale.info.
A few terms used
This survey is about sexual and gender diversity, and we regularly use the abbreviation “LGBTIQ+”. This means: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Intersex condition, Queer and others. This is what we mean by that.

L = Lesbian: a woman who is sexually and/or emotionally attracted to women.
G = Gay: a man who is sexually and/or emotionally attracted to men.
B = Bisexual: when a person is emotionally and/or sexually attracted to persons of more than one gender.
T = Trans: an umbrella term, which refers to people who’s gender identity is different from the gender assigned at birth; people could call themselves trans man, trans woman, non-binary, agender, genderqueer, genderfluid, etc.
I = Intersex: persons with an intersex condition are born with sex characteristics (such as chromosomes, genitals, and/or hormonal structure) that do not belong strictly to male or female categories, they are physically
Q = Queer: a label that is sometimes chosen by people who are not heterosexual or who do not feel comfortable with a particular gender label. “Queer” means “weird” in English, but the people who call themselves queer use the term out of pride and to indicate that they don't want to be pigeonholed under one label.
+ = There are many other labels, but we want to keep this abbreviation short, so we summarize other labels as “+”. Sometimes students are also discriminated because they don’t look heterosexual (other sex attracted) or because they look not strictly male or female. When we say “LGBTIQ+” in this survey, we also refer to such people even when they don’t call themselves lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex, queer of another label.
Instruction
Please read each question completely before you answer it. Then answer the question. Don’t worry about mistakes. This is not an exam but about your opinion.
1. My age group:
Clear selection
2. My gender identity: [1=man; 2=woman; 3=transgender; 4=intersex; 5=non-binary; 6=I prefer not to say; other]
Clear selection
3. My sexual orientation: [1=heterosexual; 2=gay or lesbian; 3=bisexual; 4=queer; 5=I prefer not to say; other]
Clear selection
4. Are you open about your sexual orientation in your vocational training? [1=not to anyone; 2=only to a few people I trust; 3=to some people; 4=to most people; 5=to everyone]
Clear selection
5. What are you? [1=vocational student; 2=vocational teacher; other]
Clear selection
6. I am being trained in / I teach in: [1=legal / administrative training; 2=economic / entrepreneurial training; 3=design / media; 4=care /social work; 5=construction and engineering; 6=catering and tourism; 7=society and education; 8=animals / plants / agriculture; other]
Clear selection
7. I study / teach in (country):
8. I study /teach at: (name of your institute; not mandatory to fill in)
9. Do you agree with this statement? “Students in my country could be expelled from my vocational training or refused an internship if they come out to be LGBTIQ+? [0=I don’t know; 1=strongly disagree; 2=somewhat disagree; 3=neither agree nor disagree; 4=somewhat agree; 5=strongly agree]
Clear selection
10. Could a student in your vocational course express a positive opinion about people who are LGBTIQ+? [0=I don’t know; 1=that is forbidden or taboo; 2=it is discouraged; 3=it is allowed; 4=it is appreciated; 5=it is encouraged]
Clear selection
11. Do you agree with this statement? “You can be open about being LGBTIQ+ in my vocational training course if you are…" [0=I don’t know; 1=strongly disagree; 2=somewhat disagree; 3=neither agree nor disagree; 4=somewhat agree; 5=strongly agree]
0
1
2
3
4
5
Lesbian
Gay
Bisexual
Transgender
Intersex
Queer
Another label
Clear selection
12. How often do you see other people in your training institute treat LGBTIQ+ people in a negative way? [1=never; 2=a few times last year; 3=a few times last month; 4=a few times last week; 5=almost every day]
1
2
3
4
5
A. Negative treatment by other students
B. Negative treatment by teachers
C. Negative treatment by non-educational staff
D. Negative treatment by the management
Clear selection
13. How do your teachers deal with negative behavior towards LGBTIQ+ students? [0=I don’t know; 1=they encourage such negative behavior; 2=school staff considers negative behavior to be a normal aspect of school life; 3=such behavior is officially not allowed but school staff often ignores it; 4=such behavior is sometimes dealt with; 5=such behavior is almost always dealt with]
Clear selection
14. Do you agree with this statement? “My vocational training institute should have a better policy to combat bullying, harassment and discrimination of LGBTIQ+ students” [0=I don’t know; 1=strongly disagree; 2=somewhat disagree; 3=neither agree nor disagree; 4=somewhat agree; 5=strongly agree]
Clear selection
15. Which of the following statements about drop-out describes your situation best?[0=I never skipped lessons or dropped out of vocational school; 1=I skipped lessons or dropped out of school, but that was NOT related to negative treatment based on my sexual orientation or gender identity; 2=I skipped lessons or dropped out of school, this was PARTLY related to negative treatment based on me being LGBTI+; 3=I skipped lessons or dropped out of school, this was MAINLY related to negative treatment based on me being LGBTI+; other]
Clear selection
16. Do you think your school results in vocational training are lower of higher than average due to discrimination based on your being LGBTIQ+? [0=this question does not apply to me; 1=much lower; 2=a bit lower;3=discrimination did not change my school results; 4=a bit higher; 5=much higher]
Clear selection
17. The average attention in the MEDIA of my country for LGBTI+ persons is… [0=I don’t know; 1=mostly negative; 2=more or less negative; 3=no attention; 4=neutral attention; 5=different per medium; 6=more or less positive; 7=mostly supportive]
Clear selection
18. The attention in my vocational training REGULAR SCHOOL BOOKS/MATERIALS on LGBTI+ persons is… [0=I don’t know; 1=mostly negative; 2=more or less negative; 3=no attention; 4=neutral attention; 5=different per material; 6=more or less positive; 7=mostly supportive]
Clear selection
19. What type of attention does you vocational training have for being LGBTIQ+ in SEXUAL EDUCATION? [0=I don’t know; 1=mostly negative; 2=more or less negative; 3=no attention; 4=neutral attention; 5=different per teacher; 6=more or less positive; 7=mostly supportive]
Certainly not
Certainly
Clear selection
20. This is a question for vocational TEACHERS only; students should skip this question: After students have completed their training, they may have to provide LGBTIQ+ clients with their services. Which of the following answers best represents the way you will deal with this topic in your lessons or courses? [1=I refuse to discuss LGBTIQ+ issues in my courses; 2=I prefer not to discuss LGBTIQ+ issues in my courses; 3=I will provide neutral information on LGBTIQ+ issues in my courses; 3=I will be generally positive towards LGBTIQ+ issues in my courses; 5=I will urge the students to take the specific needs of LGBTIQ+ persons into account]
Clear selection
21. This is a question for vocational STUDENTS only; teachers should skip this question: After having completed your training, you may have to provide LGBTIQ+ clients with your services. Which of the following answers best represents the way you are going to deal with them? [1=I will refuse to provide my services to them; 2=I will prefer not to provide my services to them; 3=I will provide my services to them while being distant; 4=I will be friendly/professional but not interested to their needs as LGBTIQ+ persons; 5=I will be friendly/professional and take their needs as LGBTIQ+ persons into account]
Clear selection
22. What type of counseling and advice does your vocational training institute offer for LGBTIQ+ students? [0=I don’t know; 1=mostly negative; 2=more or less negative; 3=no attention; 4=neutral attention; 5=different per counselor; 6=more or less positive; 7=mostly supportive]
Clear selection
23. Are there informal peer-learning opportunities for LGBTIQ+ students in your vocational institute? (for example: is there a school club for LGBTIQ+ students, support groups in the community, could you take a same-sex date to a school party? [0=I don’t know; 1=that is forbidden or taboo; 2=it is discouraged; 3=it is allowed; 4=it is appreciated; 5=it is encouraged]
Clear selection
24. What type of ATTITUDE do you think your teachers have towards LGBTIQ+ students? (note: this question is about their attitude, not about their skill) [0=I don’t know; 1=mostly negative; 2=more or less negative; 3=no attention; 4=neutral attention; 5=different per teacher; 6=more or less positive; 7=mostly supportive]
Clear selection
25. Generally, do your teachers have the SKILLS to TEACH positively about LGBTIQ+ issues? [0=I don’t know; 1=certainly not; 2=probably not; 3=maybe, maybe not; 4=probably; 5=certainly]
Clear selection
26. Generally, do your teachers have the SKILLS to SUPPORT LGBTIQ+ students? [0=I don’t know; 1=certainly not; 2=probably not; 3=maybe, maybe not; 4=probably; 5=certainly]
Clear selection
27. Do you think your vocational training institute protects LGBTIQ+ teachers against discrimination? [0=I don’t know; 1=no, if they become known, LGBT teachers will be fired; 2=no, there is a don’t ask, don’t tell culture here; 3=officially yes, but not in practice not really; 4=yes, there is some protection but not consistent; 5=yes, there is consistent protection]
Clear selection
28. Do you have any other remarks you would like to make?
Thank you!
You can find more information on the UNIQUE project on https://www.gale.info/en/projects/unique-project. If you would like more information about the project or about this survey, please do not hesitate to contact Peter Dankmeijer, p.dankmeijer@gale.info.
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