A system that includes discrimination and social prejudice against people with intellectual, emotional, and physical disabilities, their exclusion, and the valuing of people and groups that do not have disabilities.
People in the United States who have ethnic origins on the African continent. While the terms “African American” and “Black” are often used interchangeably in the United States, it is best to ask individuals how they identify. For example, some individuals may identify as Black, but do not identify as African American.
A system of beliefs that works against the young and the old and values individuals of a particular age range.
A person who is outside of a marginalized community who respects and supports the members of that marginalized community.
The work of actively opposing racism by advocating for changes in political, economic, and social life. Anti-racism tends to be an individualized approach and set up in opposition to individual racist behaviors, as well as, addressing the societal impacts of racism.
The process of adapting or adjusting to the culture or behaviors of a dominant or majority group or nation.
A person who identifies as belonging to or coming from two races. A person whose biological parents are of two different races. *Note: the term “mixed” is not favored and the terms bi-racial or multi-racial are currently preferred.
An inclination or preference, especially one that interferes with impartial judgment.
An acronym meaning “Black, Indigenous and People of Color."
The term Black is often used interchangeably in the United States with the term African American. However, populations all over the world use this term to denote a racialized classification of people considered to have mid to dark brown complexion or skin color perceived to be darker than other populations. Many Black Americans may trace their lineage to populations in Africa, Caribbean, or Oceania.
Repeated, persistent and aggressive behaviour intended to cause fear, distress, or harm to another person's body, emotions, self-esteem, or reputation. (http://www.duhaime.org/LegalDictionary/B/Bullying.aspx
Bullying is not limited to physical or in-person contact. It is not limited to children.
Child Abuse and Neglect
Federal legislation provides guidance to States by identifying a minimum set of acts or behaviors that define child abuse and neglect. The Federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) (42 U.S.C.A. § 5106g), as amended by the CAPTA Reauthorization Act of 2010, defines child abuse and neglect as, at minimum:
"Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker, which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation"; or
"An act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm."
This definition of child abuse and neglect refers specifically to parents and other caregivers. A "child" under this definition generally means a person who is younger than age 18 or who is not an emancipated minor.
While CAPTA provides definitions for sexual abuse and the special cases of neglect related to withholding or failing to provide medically indicated treatment, it does not provide specific definitions for other types of maltreatment such as physical abuse, neglect, or emotional abuse. While Federal legislation sets minimum standards for States that accept CAPTA funding, each State provides its own definitions of maltreatment within civil and criminal statutes. (https://www.childwelfare.gov/topics/can/defining/
Child Sexual Abuse
CAPTA defines sexual abuse as follows: The employment, use, persuasion, inducement, enticement, or coercion of any child to engage in, or assist any other person to engage in, any sexually explicit conduct or simulation of such conduct for the purpose of producing a visual depiction of such conduct; or the rape, and in cases of caretaker or interfamilial relationships, statutory rape, molestation, prostitution, or other form of sexual exploitation of children, or incest with children. (https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubpdfs/define.pdf
A person whose biological gender and gender identity are the same.
A system of oppression that includes institutional, cultural, societal, and individual beliefs and practices that assign value to people based on their socio-economic class. Here, members of more privileged socio-economic classes are seen as having a greater value.
The conscious or unconscious act of ‘switching’ between two languages, dialects, or intonations, depending on the specific situation of t o whom one is speaking, what is being discussed, and/or the relational, power, and/or community dynamics between those involved.
A term used to describe the co-opting of creative or artistic forms, themes, or practices by one cultural group from another. It is generally used to describe Western appropriations of non-Western or non-White forms and carries connotations of exploitation and dominance.
The ability to effectively and empathetically work and engage with people of different cultural identities and backgrounds in order to provide safe and accountable spaces for dialogue and discourse; cultural competence is relevant in all fields of work, education, and informal social interactions.
The pattern of daily life learned consciously and unconsciously by a group of people. These patterns can be seen in language, governing practices, arts, customs, holiday celebrations, food, religion, dating rituals, and clothing.
The withholding or limiting of access to opportunities, benefits and advantages available to other individuals or classes of individuals in society.
The combination of being on guard to protect against bias, feeling different at work because of prescribing to a non-majority identity, and the associated effects on health, well-being, and ability to thrive at work.
A state of affairs in which all people within a specific society or isolated group have the same status in certain respects, including civil rights, freedom of speech, property rights and equal access to certain social goods and services.
The situation in which all people or groups are given access to the correct number and types of resources, so as to achieve equal results; this differs from equality, which focuses on the equal distribution of resources rather than equal results.
A socially constructed grouping of people who share a common cultural heritage derived from values, behavioral patterns, language, political and economic interests, history, geographical base, and ancestry. For example, in the U.S., the term "Hispanic" denotes individuals of Spanish speaking descent. However, we know that an individual from Guatemala may have a very different experience than someone from Spain or Mexico. It’s helpful to keep in mind that sometimes being “country specific” is best practice.
A term that refers to the attitudes and beliefs we have about a person or group on a conscious level. For example, the preconceived notion that Asian people are better at math.
A socially constructed range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between perceived ideas of masculinity and femininity.
The external expression of one's gender; this usually is presented by clothing, mannerisms and other societal norms. This is usually considered either as masculine or feminine.
The internal perception of one's gender, and how they label themselves. This is based on how much they align or don’t align with what they understand their options for gender to be. This is often conflated with biological sex, or sex assigned at birth.
Legally, it is generally defined as a course of conduct which annoys, threatens, intimidates, alarms, or puts a person in fear of their safety. Harassment is unwanted, unwelcomed and uninvited behavior that demeans, threatens or offends the victim and results in a hostile environment for the victim. Harassing behavior may include, but is not limited to, epithets, derogatory comments or slurs and lewd propositions, assault, impeding or blocking movement, offensive touching or any physical interference with normal work or movement, and visual insults, such as derogatory posters or cartoons. (https://definitions.uslegal.com/h/harassment/
However, Harassment Laws are defined on a state level, not a Federal level.
An umbrella term for a range of negative attitudes (e.g., fear, anger, intolerance, resentment, erasure, or discomfort) that one may have toward LGBTQ people. The term can also connote a fear, disgust, or dislike of being perceived as LGBTQ.
A person who is primarily emotionally, physically, and/or sexually attracted to members of the same sex/gender. This [medical] term is considered stigmatizing (particularly as a noun) due to its history as a category of mental illness and is discouraged for common use. The terms gay or lesbian are more appropriate in current vernacular.
Disrespectful or bullying behaviour among peers within a community or between similar communities.
Authentically bringing traditionally excluded individuals and/or groups into processes, activities, and decision/policy making in a way that shares power.
A term that refers specifically to the ways in which institutional policies and practices create different outcomes for different racial groups but always benefit the dominant group. While institutional policies may never mention any racial group, but their effect is to create advantages for Whites and oppression and disadvantage for people from groups classified as people of color. For example, environmental policies, such as the locations of landfills or other trash transfer facilities, are often located near communities of color.
“Institutions have greater power to reward and penalize. They reward by providing career opportunities for some people and foreclosing them for others. They reward as well by the way social goods are distributed – by deciding who receives training and skills, medical care, formal education, political influence, moral support and self-respect, productive employment, fair treatment by the law, decent housing, self-confidence and the promise of a secure future for self and children.” (from UCC Sacred Conversation on Race)
The idea that multiple identities intersect to create a whole identity. The identities that can intersect include gender, race, social class, ethnicity, nationality, sexual orientation, religion, age, mental disability, physical disability, mental illness, and physical illness as well as other forms of identity. These aspects of identity are not mutually exclusive. Each element or trait of a person is inseparably linked with all of the other elements. For example, a Black female who identifies as lesbian may consider herself through those three identities in various contexts.
Brief and common daily verbal, behavioral, and environmental
communications, whether intentional or unintentional, that transmit hostile, derogatory, or negative messages to a person because they belong to a stigmatized group.
Misconduct is defined as conduct that results in harm, the potential for harm, or the imminent threat of harm. Age is irrelevant to misconduct.
Misconduct includes all the above-mentioned violations: emotional, physical, and sexual misconduct; bullying; and harassment.
The concept that there is great diversity in how people’s brains are wired and work, and that neurological differences should be valued in the same way we value any other human variation.
Results from the use of institutional power and privilege where one person or group benefits at the expense of another. Oppression is the use of power and the effect of domination.
A social system and institution in which men have primary power in the political, social, economic, legal, and familial spheres; patriarchy favors maledominated thought, and is centralized on the male narrative or perspective of how the world works and should work.
People of Color (POC)
Often the preferred collective term for referring to non-Anglo, Germanic, or Scandanavian White racial groups. Racial justice advocates have been using the term “people of color” (not to be confused with the pejorative “colored people”) since the late 1970s as an inclusive and unifying frame across different racial groups that are not White, to address racial inequities. While “people of color” can be a politically useful term, and describes people with their own attributes (as opposed to what they are not, e.g., “non-White”), it is also important whenever possible to identify people through their own racial/ethnic group, as each has its own distinct experience and meaning and may be more appropriate.
Physical abuse is defined as intentional trauma or physical injury caused by contact behaviors.
The state of being extremely poor.
Power is the key that locks the system of racism and any system of oppression in place. (Elaborate on this terminology: More description)
Prejudice is a set of negative beliefs generalized about a whole group of people. All people hold prejudices, but only the dominant group has the power to enforce laws, establish institutions and set cultural standards that are used to dominate those who are the subject of their prejudice. Prejudicial thinking is frequently based on stereotypes.
A systemic set of benefits granted to a dominant identity group (i.e. White privilege, straight privilege, Christian privilege, cis-gender privilege), such as greater access to power, resources, government, language, land, etc.
An ideology and socially constructed worldview in which humans are divided into racial groups and in which races are arranged in a hierarchy where some races are considered innately superior to others.
A system of oppression based on a perceived or actual racial identity of an individual or group. Racism is the effect of domination of certain racial groups by other racial groups, historically the domination of people of color by White/European peoples.
For this Policies purposes, refers to parties taking punitive or abusive actions against a person/ people who have exerted their rights to be free from any and all types of racism, discrimination, or harassment. Retaliatory actions are designed to intimidate and/or punish the target(s).
The individual, cultural, and institutional beliefs and discrimination that systematically oppress women.
Sexual harassment is harassment that includes unwelcome, nonconsensual sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, or Sexually motivated physical, verbal, or nonverbal conduct .
A person’s sexual identity in relation to the gender to which they are attracted.
A concept in which equity or justice is achieved in every aspect of society rather than in only some aspects or for some people.
The process by which a human acquires the habits, beliefs, and accumulated knowledge of society through education and training (by family, friends, culture, media, educational systems, and other social institutions).
A person who lives as a member of a gender other than that expected based on sex assigned at birth. Example: Tony was born a biological male but does not identify with their biological gender and may more closely identify as a woman.
Often defined as subconscious prejudice or unsupported judgment in favor of or against one thing, person, or group as compared to another, in a way that is usually considered unfair.
The most commonly used designation, in the U.S., for racially White people of either Anglo, Germanic, or Scandanavian heritage.
The advantages provided to people who are considered White in a racialized society that may value White people over other racial groups and whiteness over other perceived skin colors. The concept that Whites benefit from societal structuring that prioritizes White people and whiteness.
An atmosphere where all employees belong, contribute, and can thrive. This requires deliberate and intentional action, as well as policies and initiatives that foster a sense of belonging and acceptance for differences.
A system of oppression based on the fear, hatred, or mistrust of that which is foreign, especially strangers or people from different countries or cultures.
As an example, during the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, many AsianAmericans were wrongfully attacked out of misplaced anger targeting individuals perceived to be from China (after connections were made to COVID-19 originating in China).