Beautiful mind (1st stage)
Start of the Olympiad
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Reading (9 points)
Read the text and answer the questions (6 points)
Social networks connect people at low cost; this can be beneficial for entrepreneurs and small businesses looking to expand their contact base. These networks often act as a customer relationship management tool for companies selling products and services. Companies can also use social networks for advertising in the form of banners and text ads. Since businesses operate globally, social networks can make it easier to keep in touch with contacts around the world.

Social networks are beginning to be adopted by healthcare professionals as a means to manage institutional knowledge, disseminate peer to peer knowledge and to highlight individual physicians and institutions. The advantage of using a dedicated medical social networking site is that all the members are screened against the state licensing board list of practitioners. The role of social networks is especially of interest to pharmaceutical companies who spend approximately "32 percent of their marketing dollars" attempting to influence the opinion leaders of social networks.

Various social networking sites have sprung up catering to different languages and countries. The popular site Facebook has been cloned for various countries and languages and some specializing in connecting students and faculty.

Several websites are beginning to tap into the power of the social networking model for social good. Such models may be highly successful for connecting otherwise fragmented industries and small organizations without the resources to reach a broader audience with interested and passionate users. Users benefit by interacting with a like-minded community and finding a channel for their energy and giving.

Few social networks currently charge money for membership. In part, this may be because social networking is a relatively new service, and the value of using them has not been firmly established in customers' minds. Companies such as MySpace and Facebook sell online advertising on their site. Hence, they are seeking large memberships, and charging for membership would be counter productive. Some believe that the deeper information that the sites have on each user will allow much better targeted advertising than any other site can currently provide. Sites are also seeking other ways to make money, such as by creating an online marketplace or by selling professional information and social connections to businesses.

On large social networking services, there have been growing concerns about users giving out too much personal information and the threat of sexual predators. Users of these services need to be aware of data theft or viruses. However, large services, such as MySpace, often work with law enforcement to try to prevent such incidents. In addition, there is a perceived privacy threat in relation to placing too much personal information in the hands of large corporations or governmental bodies, allowing a profile to be produced on an individual's behavior on which decisions, detrimental to an individual, may be taken.

Social network services are increasingly being used in legal and criminal investigations. Information posted on sites such as MySpace and Facebook, has been used by police, probation, and university officials to prosecute users of said sites. In some situations, content posted on MySpace has been used in court.

1)According to the text, social networks ...
2)Why do advertisers like social nework sites?
3)What does the word 'Few' at the beginning of paragraph 6 mean?
4)What should users not do on social networks?
5)Personal information on social network sites ...
6)Social networking is great for ...
Closest in meaning (3 points)
Find the sentence that is closest in meaning to the one given for each question.
Due to the fact that the demand for tea was very high in the 19th century, its price was astronomical.
We must remember what happened in the past so that it will never happen again.
From time to time there are things we do even though we think they are wrong.
Grammar (25 points)
Choose the correct answer
Hendra really needs to get in touch with you. Since this morning, he ____ here four times trying to reach you. He called at 9:10, 10:25, 12.15, and 1.45.
I handed Betsy today's newspaper, but she didn't want it. She ____ it during her lunch.
The windows in my flat are dirty. I haven't cleaned them yet. I ____ it this Saturday.
We ____ four tests so far this week. We are in need of a great and long holiday!
She graduated from university less than three years ago. She ____ for three different companies so far.
Justin ____ a book about his adventure in Tibet. I hope he can find a good publisher when he is finished.
My parents are returning from Italy next Monday at 7 p.m. So this time next Monday I ____ them at the airport.
Dinosaurs were the largest animals ever to live on earth, and they ____ the Earth for a very long period of time.
John has bought this TV set on credit. He ____ all the money by the first of August.
When I was young, I ____ that people over forty were very old. Now that I am forty myself I don't think so.
Right now Martha is in the science building at our school. The chemistry experiment that she ____ is dangerous, so she is very careful.
What shall we do this evening? We ____ go out.
While the kids ____ in the garden, their mother was hurriedly cooking dinner.
I haven't decided yet where to go for my holiday. I ____ go to Greece.
I ____ leave the party early last night. I wasn't very well.
This situation is serious. Something must ____ before it's too late.
The other day I watched a dog dance in the middle of the square. If I ____ it with my own eyes, I would have never believed it.
I think my teacher would be upset if I ____ a day of class.
I'd love to visit London. Oh, if I ____ this chance!
Millions of tons of coal ____ every day to produce energy.
New methods of dating ancient footprints show that the first Americans ____ there at least 25,000 years earlier than thought.
The best thing that you can do to extend the life of your car is to have your car ____ on a routine basis.
Although ____ species of fox are reddish in color, ____ Arctic fox is often pure white.
I got lost in the forest because I took the road I ____ before.
Although the language learning abilities of apes have surprised ____ scientists, they generally agree that apes do not progress beyond ____ linguistic abilities of a two-year-old child.
Put the adjectives in the correct order
I would like to wear a pair of(nice, leather, brown, old) boots
Use of english (32 points)
Complete the text below by choosing the correct prepositions in the table. (12 points)
January 9, 1995

We took a morning bus (1) Arusha, and after checking (2) a very simple hotel, started our search for a safari company. We went to Sunny Safaris, but nothing seems to be going soon. Next, we went to Cheetah Safaris. They have a safari going (3) Tuesday. It sounds like a good deal (4) $65 a day; we didn't want to search forever, so we chose them. While walking around town this afternoon, we met Joan and Per from Lamu. They introduced us (5) Senara who will be taking the Safari (6) us tomorrow. Later, we had dinner at a less than exiting restaurant.

January 10, 1995

Our first day of safari! Uh, oh! Unfortunately, we had a late start after trying to get some cash for Reiner and Walter. On the way (7) the park, our driver John first stopped (8) two gas stations, and then we went to his house to pick (9) some clothes. We didn't get (10) Lake Manyara until after one o'clock. Can you believe John actually suggested stopping (11) a restaurant before going (12) the park? We all said, "No way!"

Definitions (6 points)
With the internet increasing importance in today's world, we made a vocabulary matching exercise to check you knowledge of the Internet terminology. Match the words and their definitions in the table.
Search engine
Search term
Program your computer uses to see internet, e.g. Google Chrome
The words you type in when looking on a search engine
The address of a web site. e.g.
Web site you can use to find other web sites relevant to your interests
Small advert which jumps up above the page you are reading
Take a file from internet and put onto your computer
Word formation (10 points)
For each question, fill the space in the sentence using the base word given in brackets at the end. The required word may be a noun, adverb, adjective or verb and it may be either positive (e.g. helpful) or negative (e.g. unhelpful).
This queue hasn't moved in five minutes. I'm getting a bit ____ ! (patient)
Your answer
Politicians should spend some time living on the streets like ____ people have to and then they would understand better the problems they have. (home)
Your answer
If you go walking around the factory, ensure you have ____ clothing on. (protect)
Your answer
Are you sure you have cleaned the kitchen? There is still a pretty ____ smell coming from it. (pleasant)
Your answer
Although it isn't definite we will see you tomorrow, it is quite ____. (like)
Your answer
Men have more of a ____ to put weight on around the waist and stomach areas and this is something they should be aware of. (tend)
Your answer
The babies were put up for ____ when their mother was jailed for her part in the murder. (adopt)
Your answer
Craig, did you see that ____ on TV last night for the new Volvo? I thought I would never stop laughing; it was brilliant! (advertise)
Your answer
"The problem with young people today is that they don't realise how damaging their apathy and ____ can be," my uncle said. (responsible)
Your answer
Young children have so much imagination and ____ that it never fails to amaze me. If only adults were the same! (create)
Your answer
Making a dialogue (6 points)
For each line of dialogue in a table, choose the correct number of a picture (1-6). There are two lines you do not need.
Was that the pre-dinner entertainment?
I hope you like hot food.
That's not what your mother told me.
I may have added too much tabasco sauce! Oh dear.
I can't wait to see what you've made.
Erm, I'll go and get dessert.
But it's nearly eight o'clock.
Wow, what a spectacular meal!
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