The New Concepts: LDN & CSA - UNCCD COP12

As the global population is expected to reach about 9 billion people by 2050 and the impacts of global change are more and more evident, many challenges have to be met, notably food insecurity and climate change adaptation. Africa, for instance, is one of the most concerned regions by these challenges.

Global agriculture suffers the effects of climate change, but contributes to it as well. It has thus to evolve to meet the ever growing needs of the population while adapting to global change and contributing to mitigating its effects.

Accordingly, new concepts aiming at devising effective solutions and tools for addressing global change are regularly emerging at the occasion of international forums and meetings, such as Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) and Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA). These concepts are constantly present and discussed at international debates, however, without a real understanding of their implementation modalities and plans.

Included in the Rio+20 Declaration, “The Future We Want”, the concept of Land Degradation Neutrality has been presented as a major topic since last UNCCD COP11. States, as well as institutions, should actually take into account this controversial concept on which is based Objectives 15 and 15.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals to be adopted at the UN General Assembly to be held in September 2015.

Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA), on the other hand, has also become a key concept for national institutions and policies and marks a new turning point in agricultural development orientations. In September 2014, the Global Alliance for Climate-Smart Agriculture (GACSA) was launched by the United Nations at a world climate summit. In Africa, the Africa Climate-Smart Agriculture Alliance was launched under the auspices of NEPAD.

The shared understanding of these concepts among different stakeholders is urgent and important for their adoption, appropriation and implementation.

The present questionnaire, launched by the Sahara and Sahel Observatory (OSS) and the Centre des Activités et des Réalisations Internationales (CARI), aims to bring a Circum-Saharan reflection on major risks of and opportunities for LDN and CSA into the 12th conference of the Parties to the UNCCD (COP12) to be held in October 2015.

This questionnaire is aimed at the various stakeholders involved in the conceptualization, implementation, and monitoring of activities related to LDN, CSA, and land degradation and restoration/rehabilitation, as well as regional and international scientists, managers, decision-makers, NGOs, civil society, local and indigenous communities, private sector …

It is not compulsory to answer all questions. You may reply to only those that fall within your area of expertise or activities.

The questionnaire’s results will be analyzed and will later feed into a synthesis document to be presented at a side-event to be organized by OSS at the margin of COP12.

Please do not hesitate to contact OSS on the following address:, should you need further clarifications or assistance filling in the questionnaire.

To valorize everyone’s effort, all contributors to the questionnaire will be mentioned in the synthesis document.
Thank you for your participation.

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