ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS / READING
• SCOPE AND SEQUENCE: Grade 6 Language Arts/Reading, students discover the basic elements of literature in a variety of literary and informational texts. Students look for key ideas and reinforcing details in literature and then learn how to effectively communicate ideas in their own work. The course provides review and practice of the conventions of standard English in grammar, spelling, and vocabulary.
• Unit 1 – Short Story – Elements This unit discusses the short story, including characterization and character traits, conflict, point-of-view, plot, making predictions, narrative, and summarization. The poem is also discussed, and comparing and contrasting genres. Pronoun types, pronoun shifts, and intensive pronouns are also covered, as well as using writing to show, not to tell.
• Unit 2 – Vocabulary Building Strategies This unit discusses the short story, Lomax, including word impact on meaning and tone, and scene to overall structure. Also covered are denotation and connotation, synonyms, antonyms, using a Frayer Model, words with multiple meanings, prefixes, suffixes, and word roots. Also included are spelling tips, and context clues including definitions, synonyms, antonyms, and examples.
• Unit 3 – Reading for Meaning This unit covers the genres folktale, fable, and myth. It uses the folktale The Fox and the Crow to illustrate theme and discusses reading graphic stories and using inference and conclusions. It uses the story of The Three Little Pigs to illustrate perspective and comparing and contrasting genres, and uses the essay Eulogy of a Dog to discuss vocabulary, author's purpose, and persuasive techniques. In addition, the biographical story, Corrie ten Boom is used to illustrate tone.
• Unit 4 – Figurative Language and Narrative Writing This unit discusses poetry, including alliteration, similes, metaphors, rhyme and rhythm, and personification. Also covered are onomatopoeia in graphic stories, and vocabulary, hyperbole, and idiom in drama, as well as preview in narrative writing, laying the groundwork, story development, details – including parentheticals and nonrestrictive elements – and how to conclude a story well.
• Unit 5 – Reading for Information This unit discusses informational versus narrative text, as well as sequence, description, and comparing/contrasting in an essay; cause/effect, problem/solution, main idea, supporting details, fact/opinion, and summarization in an article; and comparing and contrasting authors in biography and autobiography.
• Unit 6 – Argument and Persuasion This unit discusses argument, including what an argument is, claim and evidence in an article, comparing and contrasting author implications through photos, discussion types, and five discussion steps.
• Unit 7 – Real-World Reading Skills This unit discusses text features, skimming, scanning, commonly-confused words, dictionary skills, combining sentences, conjunctions, sentence fragments, commonly misspelled words, subject-verb agreement, end-of-sentence punctuation, commas, apostrophes, titles, number, and capitalization.
• Unit 8 – Informative Writing This unit discusses traits of formalized writing, the four-square writing approach for formatting a paper, choosing a topic/main idea, adding supporting details to a paper, writing a thesis, adding supporting details to paragraphs, adding transition words and personal stories, writing an introduction, "hooking" your readers, writing a conclusion, and drafting and finalizing your paper.
• Unit 9 – Reading Across Genres This unit uses the short story Shooting Stars to discuss vocabulary, setting, shades of meaning, imagery, motivation, actions, and relationships. It also covers verb tense; action, helping, and linking verbs; and integrating information.
• Unit 10 – Research and Persuasion This unit discusses researching a topic and writing a persuasive essay, including identifying your topic, doing research and gathering information, and reflecting on new information. It further covers planning, drafting, revising, editing, publishing, and presenting a persuasive essay.
• SCOPE AND SEQUENCE: Grade 6 Math Plus bridges the gap between elementary and middle school, differentiating the instruction so that struggling students are given the help and knowledge they need to master the concepts, while advanced students are able to accelerate at their own pace.
• Unit 1 – Ratios, Rates, and Proportions This unit discusses finding greatest common factors using a list of factors and using prime factorization, finding the least common multiple using a list of multiples and using prime factorization. It also covers real world examples, comparing using multiplication, three ways to write ratios, simplifying ratios, finding unit rates, defining proportions, solving problems using proportional relationships, and divisibility rules.
• Unit 2 – Fractions, Decimals, and Percents This unit covers changing decimals to fractions by writing what we say, and changing fractions to decimals by finding equivalent fractions, by dividing the numerator by the denominator, and by memorizing benchmark fractions. Also covered are converting percents to fractions and vice versa, converting percents to decimals and vice versa by using equivalent fractions and by moving the decimal. Other topics include percents greater than 100% and less than 1%, finding percent of a number using bar graphs, proportions, and multiplying by a decimal, solving percent problems, and the connections among fractions, decimals, and percents.
• Unit 3 – Decimal Computation This unit discusses adding and subtracting decimals, a review of whole number multiplication, multiplying and dividing decimals by whole numbers and by decimals, and the standard algorithm for dividing whole numbers.
• Unit 4 – Fractions This unit covers multiplying fractions by whole numbers and by fractions, simplifying before multiplying fractions, reviewing mixed numbers and improper fractions, multiplying mixed numbers, dividing whole numbers and fractions by fractions, dividing mixed numbers, and the connection between multiplying decimals and fractions.
• Unit 5 – Integers and the Coordinate Plane This unit covers real world situations where graphing is useful, graphing, absolute value, comparing and ordering, defining rational numbers, comparing and ordering rational numbers, and locating and graphing ordered pairs.
• Unit 6 – Expressions This unit covers the parts of an expression, writing verbal phrases as expressions, using exponents, numerical expressions, order of operations, algebraic expressions, substitution, the identity properties, using the distributive property to multiply mentally, to rewrite expressions, and to factor expressions, and equivalent expressions.
• Unit 7 – Equations This unit discusses solving equations with substitution, solving and writing one step addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division equations, and solving equations with decimals, with fractions, with fractions using the lowest common multiple, and with cross products.
• Unit 8 – Functions and Inequalities This unit discusses function tables, geometric and arithmetic sequences, function rules, writing equations representing functions, graphing linear functions, real world functions (tables and graphs), inequalities, writing and graphing inequalities, and solving one-step linear inequalities.
• Unit 9 – Area This unit presents a review of polygons and discusses area of parallelograms, triangles, and trapezoids, finding missing lengths of parallelograms, triangles, and trapezoids, polygons on the coordinate plane, and area of composite figures.
• Unit 10 – Volume and Surface Area This unit discusses three-dimensional figures, volume of rectangular and triangular prisms, finding the missing dimensions of prisms, nets, surface area of rectangular prisms, and surface area of rectangular prisms, triangular prisms, and pyramids, all using nets.
• Unit 11 – Exploring Statistics This unit covers statistical questions, measures of center (mean, mode, and median), measures of variation, mean absolute deviation, choosing appropriate measures, shape of data, line lots, histograms, and box plots.
• SCOPE AND SEQUENCE: Grade 6 Science is an integrated course covering Astronomy, Forces and Motion and Earth Structure. The course includes lab videos where students observe experiments that demonstrate the concepts they are learning. Course Topics Include: Objects in Space; Forces and Movement in Space; Force and Motion; Newton’s Laws and Energy; Electricity and Magnetism; Earth Systems; Rocks and Minerals; Plate Boundaries and Movement; Earthquakes and Volcanoes;
• Unit 1: Objects in Space This unit introduces the the concepts of axis and equator, planets and moons, stars, constellations, and actual vs. apparent motion. Also included are the concepts of the scientific method, lab safety, and an activity modeling how to follow the steps of the scientific method during an experiment.
• Unit 2: Forces and Movement in Space The Forces and Movement in Space unit delves into rotation and revolution, reasons for seasons, solstice and equinox, and gravity. Additionally, this unit covers objects in orbit, moon motions, moon phases, solar and lunar eclipse, and a pinhole viewer activity.
• Unit 3: History of the Solar System and Rockets This unit covers rocket inventions, modern rockets, how rockets work, and the space race. This unit also introduces space spinoffs, ancient solar system models, large and small solar system Objects, solar system formation, and a rocket lab activity.
• Unit 4: Solar System Objects and Space Measurement In this unit, students study the layers of the sun, sun features, dwarf planets, comet features, asteroids, and meteoroids and meteors. space measurements, star characteristics, the life cycle of a star, and galaxy types are also introduced. Additionally, this unit includes an activity focused on the scale of the solar system.
• Unit 5: Force and Motion The Forces and Motion unit begins by introducing motion, relative motion, speed, and velocity. Student learn how to graph speed, and understand acceleration, force, net force, and friction. This unit also includes an activity focusing on friction force and roller coaster physics.
• Unit 6: Newton’s Laws and Energy Building on the previous unit, this unit analyzes the 1st Law of Motion, 2nd Law of Motion, and 3rd Law of Motion. This unit also delves into work, power, energy, types of energy, forms of energy, energy transformation, and energy conservation. This unit also includes activities focused on energy transformation, marble energy, and Newton’s 3rd Law of Motion.
• Unit 7: Electricity and Magnetism The Electricity and Magnetism unit focuses on electrical charges, electrical fields, charge build up, static discharge, and a Sparks are Flying activity. Additionally, electric current, electric circuits, and conductors and insulators are covered. Finally, this unit investigates what is in a circuit, types of circuits, magnetism, an activity focused on making a compass, and magnetic fields.
• Unit 8: Earth Systems The Earth Systems unit focuses on the main earth system parts, including the age of earth, a rock strata activity, the 4 “Spheres”, as well as constructive and destructive forces. Also included in this unit is the study of earth’s interior, the layers of earth, and heat transfer.
• Unit 9: Rocks and Minerals This unit delves into minerals, mineral identification, how minerals form, the characteristics of rocks, and classifying rocks. Also covered in this unit are the concepts of igneous rocks, sedimentary rock, metamorphic rock, rock cycle, and a starburst rock cycle activity.
• Unit 10: Plate Boundaries and Movement This unit covers continental drift, mid-ocean ridges, sea-floor spreading and trenches, as well as subduction, subduction and earth’s oceans, and plate tectonics. This unit also covers divergent boundaries, convergent boundaries, transforming of boundaries, the three types of stress, fault formation, and an activity that focuses on plate tectonics.
• Unit 11: Earthquakes and Volcanoes The Earthquakes and Volcanoes unit introduces earthquakes, seismic waves, measuring earthquakes, and earthquake risk. This unit also covers volcanoes, inside a volcano, volcanic eruption, stages of volcanic activity, lava and ash created landforms, magma created landforms, and seismograph lab activity.
HISTORY / SOCIAL STUDIES
• SCOPE AND SEQUENCE: Grade 6 Social Studies course focuses on World History and Geography from pre-civilization through the rise of the Roman Empire. It begins with Hominids and Homo Sapiens and their migration to the six continents, and continues with the Paleolithic and Neolithic ages. Students go on to learn about the Middle East, Egypt, Judaism, Mythology, and Early Greece. They continue learning about the Greek City States, and about Persia and war between Greece and Persia. Students' understanding is broadened through a study of India's geography, cultural system, religions, and contributions. The course continues with a study of East Asia, focusing on China's geography, isolation, warring states, religions, politics, and dynasties. Students next learn about the rise of Rome, some of its legends and founding people, and about Julius Caesar, and Pax Romana. Finally students examine the birth of Christianity and it's impact on Rome and enduring impact throughout the world to this day. Throughout this course, students will learn of the interactions among various cultures, emphasizing their enduring contributions and the link, despite time, between the contemporary and ancient worlds. This course addresses various national and state standards including those of California.
• Unit 1 – Pre-Civilization This unit will begin with a look at immigration from Africa, and the transition into the New World. Students will be introduced to the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods. Additionally students will view climate change on Neolithic living.
• Unit 2 – Early Civilization - Middle East This unit will introduce the political geography of the Middle East, the geography of Mesopotamia, and the benefits of flooding. The importance of government and Polytheism will be examined. Additionally Cuneiform and Hammurabi's Code of Law will also be discussed.
• Unit 3 – Egypt The geography of Egypt will be introduced in this unit, followed by a look at the religious practices of Egypt, and the importance of Egyptian art. Students will focus on the Egyptian social pyramid, hieroglyphics, and trade in the Eastern Mediterranean. Furthermore students will obtain knowledge of the Egyptian rulers Ramses II, and Hatsheput. Students will learn about Nubia, as well as the Kush civilization and Egypt. Lastly students will examine the defeat of Egypt by the Kush.
• Unit 4 – Judaism This unit is introduced with lessons on Abraham the Covenant, Judaism and its impact, as well as Moses and the Israelites. Instruction will be given on The Exodus, and the Jewish kings. The basic beliefs of Judaism are analyzed. Additionally, this unit delves into the Roman Diaspora.
• Unit 5 – Introduction to Mythology and Early Greece This unit begins with a look at the origination of myths, how they are intertwined in history, and how myths teach behaviors. Students will then examine myths still common in today's world. Additionally, this unit focuses on the geography of Greece, the Phoenician people, and the geography of trade, the four governments, the Polis and slavery, the birthplace of democracy, Democracy vs. the Republic, and Athenian Democracy.
• Unit 6 – Greek City States and Persia This unit begins with a look at Greek warriors, Sparta the city of soldiers, as well as the slaves, women, and soldiers of Sparta, including a lesson on Athens vs. Sparta. Additionally students will examine the Persian war in regards to the battles of Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis, and the defeat of Persia during the battle of of Plataea. Furthermore students will learn about the building of the Persian Empire, Cyrus The Great’s Accomplishments, as well as the Golden Age of Athens. The Peloponnesian war is discussed, followed by Alexander the Great, the Hellenistic age, as well as the contributions of Ancient Greece and the first historians.
• Unit 7 – India and Hinduism This unit will begin with a look at the Political Sub. Continent of India. Students will examine the geography of India as well as the impact of Monsoons. A focus on the invasion of the Aryans, and how the Aryans influenced Brahmanism will be followed by a lesson on Dharma and Bhagavad Gita. Hinduism will be discussed as students delve into lessons on Brahman, multiple gods, Dharma, Karma, and finally the Samsara. Students will explore the Caste System, the Untouchables, and Civil rights. Additionally students will take a look at Siddhartha Gautama's life, the Four Noble Truths, the Eightfold Path, and the spread of Buddhism. This unit closes with a focus on the empire of the Maurya, Asoka’s rule, and the influential contributions of Ancient India.
• Unit 8 – East Asia This unit will begin with a focus on the political map of East Asia, and a look at the geography of China. Chinese isolation, the civilization of the Huang He, the Shang Dynasty, and the Mandate of Heaven are covered. There will be a review of the warring states, he birth of philosophies, Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism. Additionally, this unit focuses on The Great Wall of China, the tomb of Qin Shi Huangdi, the Han Dynasty and learn about the their Inventions, exams, the role of Buddhism in the Han Dynasty, and the importance of the Silk Road.
• Unit 9 – The Rise of Rome This unit will open with a look at the geography of Rome, and the legends of Romulus and Remus. Students will learn about the Romans and their influence on government, as well as Cincinnatus. Additionally there will be a discussion on Greek influences and the rise of the Republic. A focus is placed on the rise and fall of Caesar, as well as his accomplishments, and the role of Rome’s first Emperor.
• Unit 10 – Pax Romana & Christianity This unit will begin with a focus on Pax Romana, their roads and ways they communicated. Roman architecture will be discussed, with a closer look at the achievements of Ancient Rome. Students will take a look at the Jewish people while under Roman rule. Followed by lessons on Jesus of Nazareth, his parables and teachings, and his crucifixion. This unit will close with a look at Christianity in Rome, persecution, and legalization of Christianity.
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