停止清拆 要求發展局將同德押列暫定古蹟 Stop the demolition Tung Tak Pawn Shop

(Please see English version below) 八十年歷史的同德押,為三級歷史建築卻不敵重建。過去五十年直至清拆工程以前,都一直經營當舖,是香港碩果僅存的單棟式騎樓大押。與一旁的富德樓,一舊一新,是灣仔的地標,也是香港的地標。如此重要的建築物,政府的保育角色何在呢?而發展局局長陳茂波,到底身在何方?

現行法例中,發展局局長作為古物事務監督,可根據《古物及古蹟條例》第2A條,頒令同德押為暫定古蹟,暫緩清拆工程十二個月。以便提供足夠誘因,與業主商討,以政策鼓勵及協助私人業主保育歷史建築。政策包括︰非原址換地、原地換地、轉移尚未使用的發展權和向業主提供現金補償。早前在2008年的景賢里和2011年的何東花園,政府均引用此例,將兩棟重要文物宣佈為暫定古蹟,其中景賢里成功在不影響私人業權情況下,用非原址換地方式保育建築群。

同德押業主高可寧家族,素有典當大王的美譽,在港澳從事典當多年,並在澳門從事押店的保育。澳門的典當業展示館,就是高家原來持有的、具90年歷史的德成按。此外,高可寧故居也是澳門重要的文物。古蹟辦表示曾三次聯絡業主高可寧家族商議保育,但卻不見發展局積極介入,像景賢里的例子,政府需要更高級官員,與業主商議。而暫定古蹟可為歷史古蹟「買下」時間,在不影響業權的情況,達至民間、政府和業主三贏的局面。

現時古蹟保育政策只是沿用1976年的《古物及古蹟條例》,已四十年不變。古物諮詢委員會為全港一千四多棟的歷史建築物作歷史評級,但評級沒有法律保障,除了108項的法定古蹟,任何業主可無阻礙的拆掉任何建築物,歷史評級和古物諮詢委員會,形同虛設。政府亦必須借此機會,回應時代的轉變,修改《古物及古蹟條例》。

我們對古物事務監督陳茂波的要求如下︰

1. 要求發展局將同德押列為暫定古蹟,停止清拆
2. 跟業主商議保育方案
3. 要求修定<古物及古蹟條例>,就古蹟評級立法,保育本土的歷史遺產

懇請大家聯署要求發展局為香港珍貴的歷史及文物古蹟負責,保育碩果僅存的同德押。

聯署日期至2015年8月10日

【古諮會覆核 同德押有望升級 須申拆樓許可料需時1月】
http://news.mingpao.com/pns1508151439574729929

【同德押歷史評級被低估 團體促煞停清拆】
hk.apple.nextmedia.com/realtime/news/20150809/54067131

thestandnews.com/society/停止清拆-要求發展局將同德押列暫定古蹟
thestandnews.com/society/同德大押業主-澳門保育案例

http://www.inmediahk.net/node/1036982
http://www.inmediahk.net/node/1036708
http://www.inmediahk.net/node/1036641
http://www.inmediahk.net/node/1036411
http://www.inmediahk.net/node/1036044
http://www.inmediahk.net/node/1025978

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Though listed as a Grade III Historic Building, the Tung Tak Pawn Shop which has stood in Wan Chai for 80 years is now facing the threat of demolition under urban renewal. Over the past 50 years, it has operated as a pawn shop and is one of Hong Kong’s last remaining single block arcade style tenement house pawn shop. With its neighbor – Foo Tak Building – the contrast of the two old and new buildings has long been recognized as a landmark of Wan Chai District. In this instance, what role has the Hong Kong government played in the conservation of such a historically important building? As for the Secretary of Development, Paul Chan Mo-po, where is he now and what is his response in regard to the impending demolition of this building?

Based on current legislation, the Secretary of Development oversees the Antiquities and Monuments Office, and can issue a decree to temporarily list Tung Tak Pawn Shop as a Proposed historical monument under the Antiquities and Monuments Ordinance Section 2A. This action would delay the demolition works for a period of 12 months, which could provide sufficient time for discussions and negotiations to be made with the relevant property owner, and put forward new policies to encourage as well as assist private property owners in the conservation of historically significant buildings in Hong Kong. Suggested policies could include: the offer of Non-in-situ Land Exchange, the offer of in-situ Land Exchange, transfer of plot ratio, and providing compensatory funds to the property owner. In 2008 and 2011, the government utilized Section 2A of the Antiquities and Monuments Ordinance to temporarily list King Yin Lei and Ho Tung Gardens, respectively, of which King Yin Lei was successfully preserved without infringing personal property rights by using the offer of land of equal value in a different district.

The Ko Ho Neng family, property owners of Tung Tak Pawn Shop, has had the reputation of being “King of the Pawn Shop Industry”, with operations in the business going back for years. The family has also been involved in the preservation of pawn shops in Macau. Macau’s very own Pawn Shop Museum is in fact located in Tak Shing Pawn Shop, which was formerly owned by the Ko family and has had 90 years of history. Apart from this, Ko Ho Neng’s former home is also an important historical monument of Macau. The Antiquities and Monuments Office has stated that they have thrice contacted the Ko family to engage in discussions on conservation, however the Hong Kong Development Bureau has not actively engaged in this matter. As it was in the case of King Yin Lei, the conservation of Tung Tak Pawn Shop requires the involvement of more senior officials from the government in the discussions and negotiations with property owners. The suggested course of action – temporarily listing Tung Tak Pawn Shop as a proposed historical monument under Section 2A of the Antiquities and Monuments Ordinance – would ‘buy’ time for negotiations, and create a ‘triple win’ situation for citizens of Hong Kong, the Hong Kong government, and property owner – all without infringing upon private property rights.

Established in 1976, the Antiquities and Monuments Ordinance has not been altered for 40 years and is still employed as present-day policy for the conservation of historical monuments. The Antiquities Advisory Board assesses the historical significance of the 1,400 historical buildings in Hong Kong, but the gradings do not result in any legal protection for these buildings. Apart from 108 legally declared monuments in Hong Kong, any property owner of a historical building can freely demolish these monuments without accountability. In this case, historical gradings and the Antiquities Advisory Board are effectively useless. At this opportune moment, the government must respond to the changing world and amend the Antiquities and Monuments Ordinance to reflect present concerns.

Our demands put forward to the Secretary of Development, Paul Chan Mo-po are as below:

1) That the Hong Kong Development Bureau should temporarily list the Tung Tak Pawn Shop as a legally declared proposed historical monument and cease demolition work on the building
2) That the Hong Kong Development Bureau should engage in direct discussions with the property owners of Tung Tak Pawn Shop to formulate a mutually agreed plan for the conservation of this building
3) That the Antiquities and Monuments Ordinance be amended to confer legal status and protection to historical gradings, so as to conserve the cultural heritage of Hong Kong

Please join us as we petition for the Hong Kong Development Bureau to take responsibility for Hong Kong’s precious history, antiquities, and historical monuments by preserving Tung Tak Pawn Shop – one of the last surviving buildings of its kind.

Jointly signed on August 10, 2015.

Reference:
http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1847882/hong-kong-heritage-activists-petition-save-80-year-old-pawn-shop

http://gwulo.com/atom/18589

http://studiogario.blogspot.hk/2015/08/the-precious-tung-tak-pawn-shop-building.html

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