Vulture conservation: an interview
The goal of this interview is to know your viewpoints about Old World (Accipitriformes) and New World vultures (Cathartiformes) conservation
Which of the following situations represent the ideal goal of vulture conservation? Please select all that apply.
Recovering populations to significant parts of their historical ranges
Re-establishing populations to the point they can fulfill their ecological functions
Managing populations that sustainably support multiple benefits to people
Re-establishing self-regulating populations
Maintaining minimum viable populations
Which of the following areas are appropriate for vultures to inhabit? Please select all that apply.
Multi-use public lands (e.g., recreation, grazing activities)
Private lands WITHOUT domestic animals present
Private lands WITH domestic animals present
What drives conflict over vulture conservation? Please select all that apply.
Competition with hunters for food resource (e.g. wildlife species)
Unequal power among stakeholders
Mistrust between decision-makers and locals
Lack of transparency in decision processes
Fear of vultures
Predation on domestic livestock
Risks posed by vultures to human safety (e.g. Vultures attacking kids, vultures crashing with planes)
Misunderstanding attitudes of others
To what extent do you agree or disagree that humans and vultures can share the same landscapes?
Which of these ecosystem processes/services involve vultures? Please select all that apply.
Remove organic waste
Increase agricultural output
Reduce disease risk
Relevant links among ecosystems (e.g., transfer of nutrients, energy or other elements between ecosystems)
Controlling Food Webs
Provide materials for craft or traditional cultural activities
Primary and secondary seed dispersal
Positive effect on other groups of biodiversity
Reduce species that cause human injury and death
Intellectual, spiritual, and aesthetic inspiration (i.e. Bioinspiration, Biocultural species)
Which of these conflictive situations involved vulture? Please select all that apply.
Controversy by the use by humans of a resource or elements that changes food or habitat availability and/or quality for vultures (using lead ammunition, protection nesting areas or air space for vultures, limitation of agricultural practices).
Vulture predation on livestock
Damage to croplands
Generates costs/impacts on human transport systems
Vulture predation on game (e.g. chicks or eggs)
Controversy by vultures as a resource (i.e. hunting of vultures for bushmeat).
Propagate invasive species
Which are the main types of human activities rising conflicts with vulture conservation? Please select all that apply.
Pollution (i.e. lead ammunition, presence of pharmaceutical products in cattle remains - like diclofenac-, pesticides)
Non-selective predator control (i.e. poisoning of baits for mammal predators control)
Lethal control of problematic vultures
Land use changes (i.e. turning grasslands to croplands or native forest to tree plantations).
Open garbage dumps (i.e. vultures are exposed to pathogens or contaminants -plastics, batteries, etc-)
Use of vultures as a resource (bushmeat, trade, and game)
Unsustainable or bad practices on conservation (i.e. genetic and behavioural erosion on native vultures populations by ex situ breeding and release programs)
Which are the most important threats for Vultures? Please select all that apply.
Natural habitat destruction for croplands
Hunting to do not rise suspected of poaching
Bioaccumulation of contaminants
Hunting for retaliation (i.e. damage)
Changes in sanitary policis
Deforestation for timber
Lack of native wildlife
Natural habitat destruction for tree plantations
Collision with human objects in the airspace and/or human infrastructures (i.e. UAV, Power Lines and Wind Farms, planes)
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