Vulture conservation: an interview
The goal of this interview is to know your viewpoints about Old World (Accipitriformes) and New World vultures (Cathartiformes) conservation
Which of the following situations represent the ideal goal of vulture conservation? Please select all that apply.
Maintaining minimum viable populations
Re-establishing populations to the point they can fulfill their ecological functions
Recovering populations to significant parts of their historical ranges
Managing populations that sustainably support multiple benefits to people
Re-establishing self-regulating populations
Which of the following areas are appropriate for vultures to inhabit? Please select all that apply.
Private lands WITHOUT domestic animals present
Private lands WITH domestic animals present
Multi-use public lands (e.g., recreation, grazing activities)
What drives conflict over vulture conservation? Please select all that apply.
Competition with hunters for food resource (e.g. wildlife species)
Lack of transparency in decision processes
Risks posed by vultures to human safety (e.g. Vultures attacking kids, vultures crashing with planes)
Unequal power among stakeholders
Misunderstanding attitudes of others
Mistrust between decision-makers and locals
Fear of vultures
Predation on domestic livestock
To what extent do you agree or disagree that humans and vultures can share the same landscapes?
Which of these ecosystem processes/services involve vultures? Please select all that apply.
Provide materials for craft or traditional cultural activities
Intellectual, spiritual, and aesthetic inspiration (i.e. Bioinspiration, Biocultural species)
Reduce disease risk
Remove organic waste
Relevant links among ecosystems (e.g., transfer of nutrients, energy or other elements between ecosystems)
Reduce species that cause human injury and death
Primary and secondary seed dispersal
Controlling Food Webs
Increase agricultural output
Positive effect on other groups of biodiversity
Which of these conflictive situations involved vulture? Please select all that apply.
Vulture predation on livestock
Controversy by vultures as a resource (i.e. hunting of vultures for bushmeat).
Generates costs/impacts on human transport systems
Controversy by the use by humans of a resource or elements that changes food or habitat availability and/or quality for vultures (using lead ammunition, protection nesting areas or air space for vultures, limitation of agricultural practices).
Vulture predation on game (e.g. chicks or eggs)
Propagate invasive species
Damage to croplands
Which are the main types of human activities rising conflicts with vulture conservation? Please select all that apply.
Land use changes (i.e. turning grasslands to croplands or native forest to tree plantations).
Pollution (i.e. lead ammunition, presence of pharmaceutical products in cattle remains - like diclofenac-, pesticides)
Lethal control of problematic vultures
Unsustainable or bad practices on conservation (i.e. genetic and behavioural erosion on native vultures populations by ex situ breeding and release programs)
Open garbage dumps (i.e. vultures are exposed to pathogens or contaminants -plastics, batteries, etc-)
Non-selective predator control (i.e. poisoning of baits for mammal predators control)
Use of vultures as a resource (bushmeat, trade, and game)
Which are the most important threats for Vultures? Please select all that apply.
Hunting to do not rise suspected of poaching
Bioaccumulation of contaminants
Hunting for retaliation (i.e. damage)
Natural habitat destruction for croplands
Deforestation for timber
Natural habitat destruction for tree plantations
Changes in sanitary policis
Collision with human objects in the airspace and/or human infrastructures (i.e. UAV, Power Lines and Wind Farms, planes)
Lack of native wildlife
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