Vulture conservation: an interview
The goal of this interview is to know your viewpoints about Old World (Accipitriformes) and New World vultures (Cathartiformes) conservation
Which of the following situations represent the ideal goal of vulture conservation? Please select all that apply.
Managing populations that sustainably support multiple benefits to people
Maintaining minimum viable populations
Recovering populations to significant parts of their historical ranges
Re-establishing populations to the point they can fulfill their ecological functions
Re-establishing self-regulating populations
Which of the following areas are appropriate for vultures to inhabit? Please select all that apply.
Multi-use public lands (e.g., recreation, grazing activities)
Private lands WITHOUT domestic animals present
Private lands WITH domestic animals present
What drives conflict over vulture conservation? Please select all that apply.
Lack of transparency in decision processes
Mistrust between decision-makers and locals
Predation on domestic livestock
Risks posed by vultures to human safety (e.g. Vultures attacking kids, vultures crashing with planes)
Fear of vultures
Unequal power among stakeholders
Competition with hunters for food resource (e.g. wildlife species)
Misunderstanding attitudes of others
To what extent do you agree or disagree that humans and vultures can share the same landscapes?
Which of these ecosystem processes/services involve vultures? Please select all that apply.
Reduce species that cause human injury and death
Provide materials for craft or traditional cultural activities
Positive effect on other groups of biodiversity
Controlling Food Webs
Relevant links among ecosystems (e.g., transfer of nutrients, energy or other elements between ecosystems)
Intellectual, spiritual, and aesthetic inspiration (i.e. Bioinspiration, Biocultural species)
Remove organic waste
Reduce disease risk
Primary and secondary seed dispersal
Increase agricultural output
Which of these conflictive situations involved vulture? Please select all that apply.
Controversy by the use by humans of a resource or elements that changes food or habitat availability and/or quality for vultures (using lead ammunition, protection nesting areas or air space for vultures, limitation of agricultural practices).
Generates costs/impacts on human transport systems
Damage to croplands
Vulture predation on livestock
Controversy by vultures as a resource (i.e. hunting of vultures for bushmeat).
Propagate invasive species
Vulture predation on game (e.g. chicks or eggs)
Which are the main types of human activities rising conflicts with vulture conservation? Please select all that apply.
Lethal control of problematic vultures
Use of vultures as a resource (bushmeat, trade, and game)
Land use changes (i.e. turning grasslands to croplands or native forest to tree plantations).
Unsustainable or bad practices on conservation (i.e. genetic and behavioural erosion on native vultures populations by ex situ breeding and release programs)
Pollution (i.e. lead ammunition, presence of pharmaceutical products in cattle remains - like diclofenac-, pesticides)
Non-selective predator control (i.e. poisoning of baits for mammal predators control)
Open garbage dumps (i.e. vultures are exposed to pathogens or contaminants -plastics, batteries, etc-)
Which are the most important threats for Vultures? Please select all that apply.
Changes in sanitary policis
Hunting for retaliation (i.e. damage)
Bioaccumulation of contaminants
Collision with human objects in the airspace and/or human infrastructures (i.e. UAV, Power Lines and Wind Farms, planes)
Natural habitat destruction for tree plantations
Hunting to do not rise suspected of poaching
Deforestation for timber
Lack of native wildlife
Natural habitat destruction for croplands
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