ELASH - Practice Test #4
Colegio Verbo Chimaltenango
Hi marge, I'd like you to drop by my house later tonight. We're having a surprise party for Henry. Everything is almost ready. I just need to take care of a few more odds and ends. By the way, would you please do me a favor and get in touch with Kenya. Remind her, though, not to spill the beans. You know that she tends to get carried away.
The phrase DROP BY in the paragraph means
The phrase ODDS AND ENDS in the paragraph means
The phrase TO SPILL THE BEANS in the paragraph means to
reveal a secret
prepare the food
forget to come
carry it carefully
If you are like many people, you enjoy sports in your leisure time. Many of us watch sports on TV, go to games and meets, and play tennis or golf in the time left after school or work. We may even chat about sports on the Internet. Many observers note that sports reinforce norms and values important to society, like competition and teamwork. Sports metaphors, such as "There is no I in TEAM," teach us that success is achieved by putting the group above individual glory. Slogans like "Winners never quit and quitters never win" reinforce values of competition and working hard to get ahead. Nevertheless, organized sports have been criticized for several things. One is that they encourage potentially harmful male aggression. Another is that they direct minority students, particularly African American males, toward athletics -instead of academics- as a road to success. However, only a very small minority of high school athletes are able to support themselves through athletics. In fact, according to one estimate, only one of 12,000 high school athletes will earn money as a professional athlete; among those who make it, the average professional career lasts only three years. Nevertheless, the importance of sports in teaching and reinforcing norms and values, along with the role of sports in symbolizing and integrating communities, are important reasons why nearly every nation has encouraged athletics.
The main idea of the second paragraph is
African Americans often make excellent athletes.
emphasis on athletics may have some negative effects.
athletics prepare young people for success in life.
athletics are supported by many countries.
All of the following are mentioned as positive outcomes of athletics EXCEPT
putting individual glory above group success.
reinforcing the value of competition.
encouraging people to work hard to achieve success.
In the first paragraph, the word norms means
types of sports.
expected standards of behavior.
unusual or rare events.
errors to be avoided.
In the second paragraph, the word integrating means
The author of this passage probably feels that
sports should be discouraged in most American schools.
athletes should be encouraged to build academic skills.
teamwork is not important to success in athletics.
playing sports makes young males much more manly.
Identify the relationship between these sentences from the second paragraph. "One is that they encourage potentially harmful male aggression. Another is that they direct minority students, particularly African American males, toward athletics...."
cause and effect
The average professional athlete makes a living as an athlete for
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