Peer mediationWhat is it?In mediation, an unbiased third party assists others in the resolution of conflicts with a ‘win-win’, rather than a ‘winlose’ outcome.Peer mediation aims to train young people as mediators to facilitate solutions to disputes among their peers.
How does it work?Peer mediators are trained in problem-solving, conflict resolution, communication and active listening skills to intervene in interpersonal conflicts to prevent more serious problems developing.Through training, peer mediators learn that conflict can be resolved constructively, and can assist to encourage peers to move from blaming each other to devising solutions acceptable to all young people involved.Common ways peer mediation is used.This approach is used increasingly in school settings focusing on bullying and violence prevention and constructive conflict resolution.Programs may occur in an informal setting (such as the playground), or may occur in the classroom or within a neutral mediation space.Peer mediation may be implemented as a stand-alone program, however the majority of programs utilise peer mediation as one part of a broader violence prevention and conflict resolution program.The need to set up a Network of Schools for School Mediation is great because only the personal involvement of children can reduce the intensity and duration of school violence and intimidation.School mediation has spectacular results in reducing school violence, its intensity, its frequency and its duration, as it provides place AND TIME for children to speak and, above all, to hear. Peer mediation can be a successful approach to managing interpersonal conflict in elementary and secondary schools.
These programs provide a unique opportunity for diverse students to use communication, human relations, and problem-solving skills in real-life settings. Effective programs can help to create a safe and welcoming school environment, improve interpersonal and inter-group relations, and assist in reducing school conflicts and violence, especially when part of a comprehensive violence prevention plan.