By February 22, 2021: All Educational Scholars in California are Invited to Endorse this Statement
*** If you are an educational scholar in California, please scroll down to add your name, and please encourage colleagues to join us. The final document will include hyperlinks/citations. ***
https://www.care-ed.org//



February 15, 2021

Dear Superintendent Tony Thurmond and the CA State Board of Education:

In a January 21, 2021 letter addressed to the Superintendent and SBE President, thirty-five academics argued that the draft CA Ethnic Studies Model Curriculum (ESMC), section titled “The Benefits of Ethnic Studies,” made unsubstantiated claims about the benefits of Ethnic Studies, and requested removing that section or its claims. Subsequently, a January 27th press release by AMCHA, an organization closely tied to the letter, contextualized the letter in a broader critique of “Critical Ethnic Studies” as socially “divisive,” a form of political “indoctrination,” and anti-Semitic. We disagree.

We, a statewide alliance of educational scholars across California, urge you to retain and bolster the section on “The Benefits of Ethnic Studies,” and more generally, we urge you to support the continued development and offering of authentic Ethnic Studies curriculum in public schools across the state. In what follows, we offer research to strengthen the section, “The Benefits of Ethnic Studies,” and the ESMC as a whole.

THE NEED FOR ETHNIC STUDIES. We begin by reiterating what scholars, educators, students, and families have argued for decades, and what over 2300 educators and organizations across the country stated collectively just a few months ago, namely, that racism and other inequities have long existed and continue to exist; that we cannot advance justice without learning in deep and rigorous ways about racism and other inequities; that the traditional, whitewashed curriculum of U.S. education obscures these realities and, therefore, is harmful to all students and counter to our nation’s ideals of democracy and freedom; and that education can do better through such movements as Ethnic Studies and multicultural education. The statement by over 2300 educators also explains why the rhetoric of “divisiveness” and “indoctrination” when referring to all Ethnic Studies curriculum is misinformation at best, and disinformation at worst.

Our 2018 research brief on Ethnic Studies and Critical Multicultural Education clarifies that, as in any field, there are different approaches to anti-racist curriculum, and that we advocate for “critical” and intersectional approaches, arguing that “it was the recognition of the anti-democratic, monocultural nature of U.S. public education that catalyzed the emergence or expansion of ethnic studies and multicultural education during the Civil Rights Movement decades ago. . . .Ethnic studies as a field first emerged in universities to understand and reclaim the cultural identities, experiences, and knowledge of racialized groups.” Ethnic Studies teaches about different groups, but also teaches about broader systems of oppression, including those along multiple dimensions of diversity. Ethnic Studies benefits students of color in a number of ways, but also benefits all students in a number of ways, similarly and differently. Our 2018 research brief points to many additional resources for those interested in learning exactly what Ethnic Studies does and does not do.

Ethnic Studies responds to the exclusion that many students from minoritized groups (i.e., African American, Asian American and Pacific Islander, Chicanx/Latinx, and Native American) contend with when being taught a biased K-12 curriculum that (based on analyses of textbooks) continues to represent white people exponentially more, and more complexly, than both the Native peoples of the land where the course is taught, and Black, Indigenous, People of Color (BIPOC) generally and specifically. Students notice who is and is not in the curriculum they are supposed to learn, as numerous case studies based on interviewing students show. This representative quotation by a Black high school student illustrates the concern:

“It’s basically what you know, what you need to know to graduate…not like the real history of the world, just like what your teacher thinks important … I know that a lot of our history, like Black women and things we did as maybe civil rights leaders in history is missing. It’s what you supposed to know to get through this system, you know, to graduate…just to keep your teachers or the testers happy.” (Woodson, 2015, p. 62, as cited in Sleeter & Zavala, Transformative Ethnic Studies in Schools, 2020)

THE RESEARCH BASIS FOR ETHNIC STUDIES. The January 21st letter argues that all of the ESMC claims were unsubstantiated because of either a lack or a mischaracterization of empirical research. Although the ESMC, like any reporting of research, may not have been persuasive to some readers about the substantiation of its claims, and may not have presented a comprehensive review and meta-analysis, we disagree that the claims are actually unsubstantiated, for at least three reasons.

First, we value different research methodologies and designs for making claims about the value and impact of Ethnic Studies. One of the main concerns in the January 21st letter is methodological, as when critiquing small-scale and/or non-experimental studies as ungeneralizable or otherwise not warranting claims of impact. The letter emphasizes that most of the studies cited were small-scale in nature; or when critiquing the method of statistical analysis of one study, the letter takes issue with its use of regression discontinuity analysis rather than experimental group comparison. As scholars with expertise in a wide range of research methodologies, we disagree with the letter’s narrow criteria for determining which types of study designs offer “evidence.” Furthermore, much more research exists than what the ESMC was able to discuss. Consider, for example, quasi-experimental quantitative studies published recently, which we point to in Appendix A. By valuing different research methodologies and designs, we disagree with the letter that the cited studies were unjustified in their claims or that, in general, the ESMC overreached in its summaries of the research.

Second, we have reviewed the growing body of research, which we believe makes clear that Ethnic Studies benefits all students. Due to time constraints, the ESMC relied heavily on the 2011 review of research by C. Sleeter, and perhaps not surprisingly, the January 21st letter focused primarily on critiquing either that review’s summaries of the studies or the design of the cited studies themselves. As noted above, we value a range of research methodologies, and therefore, we do not agree with such critiques of the 2011 review; in fact, we know that that review informed arguments in the landmark Arce et. al. v. Huppenthal court case in Arizona regarding the value of Ethnic Studies and the legality and ethics of banning it (a ban the U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals found to be unconstitutional and based on racial animus). But as if that was not compelling enough, we point you to C. Sleeter’s updated and expanded review of research, published last year in Transformative Ethnic Studies in Schools—we categorized and summarized the relevant studies in three charts in Appendix A. As you will notice, 26 of the 28 cited studies found a positive impact on students.

Third, we listen to our students, as we know that you do as well. It is not difficult to find evidence that, as we hear countless students of color report, “Ethnic Studies saved my life.” As educational scholars, we value experimental group comparison, but we also value the wisdom and guidance as captured in the voices of those who are most impacted by an education that strives as boldly toward democracy and justice as does the type of Ethnic Studies animated in the ESMC.

We believe it is important to clarify that the ESMC is an illustration of what can be taught, and not a script of what must be taught, even if and when Ethnic Studies becomes required curriculum. We support requiring Ethnic Studies for all California students, and supporting schools and educators in teaching Ethnic Studies as described above. Such legislation and concomitant resources would be a historic step towards racial and educational justice.

To support these goals, we urge the State Board of Education to take the following four steps:

1) Retain and expand the ESMC section on “The Benefits of Ethnic Studies.” We offer a summary of relevant research in three charts in Appendix A, and suggested edits to the ESMC in Appendix B.

2) Provide sufficient financial and other resources and support for researchers to examine and document the impact of Ethnic Studies on K-12 students in California. Important research already exists, but more is needed about any number of topics—from curriculum design to student impact to teacher preparation to community capacity building—and using any number of research designs—from large-scale experimental design to case studies to teacher and student testimonies.

3) Designate Ethnic Studies as a field for credentialing teachers, and provide sufficient financial and other resources and support for teacher-preparation pre-service programs and professional-development programs to offer pathways to Ethnic Studies teaching credentials and preparedness. The ESMC illustrates what is possible, but as with any field of study, the quality of teachers matters, and we should insist that teachers of Ethnic Studies be well-prepared to do so.

4) Ensure that decisions about Ethnic Studies centrally involve expert practitioners and scholars, including decisions about curricular frameworks and content and professional development and certification. For example, as the ESMC continues to undergo revision, and more urgently, as the SBE considers revisions for its March 17th meeting, we ask that you bring the final State Superintendent/CDE recommended ESMC edits to a place strong and authentic enough that the original ESMC writers, advisory committee members, and Ethnic Studies expert practitioners and scholars can once again support.

An accurate, bold, authentic, and research-based Ethnic Studies curriculum is needed now more than ever. We stand ready to work with you to make that happen.

CARE-ED: California Alliance of Researchers for Equity in Education
-Contact Person: Christine Sleeter, Co-Founder
-Contact Person: Ruchi Agarwal-Rangnath, Executive Director

As of February, 22, the following 442 educational scholars in California have endorsed this letter (affiliations are listed for identification purposes only):

*** Note: The list of signatories will be updated daily; your name will not appear immediately after submitting the form below. ***

*** If you are an educational scholar in California, please scroll down to add your name, and please encourage colleagues to join us. The final document will include hyperlinks/citations. ***

A.Dee Williams Professor/Associate Chair California State University, Los Angeles
Aaron Brick Instructor City College of San Francisco
Abby Slovick Graduate Student UC Berkeley
Adele Failes-Carpenter Women's and Gender Studies Instructor City College of San Francisco
Adrian Arancibia, Ph.D. Professor San Diego Miramar College
Adrian I. P-Flores, PhD UC President's Postdoctoral Fellow UCLA
Adrianna Marie Bayer Simone Assistant Professor Los Medanos College
Agustin Herrera Graduate student Claremont graduate university
Agustin Palacios, Ph.D. Professor Contra Costa College
Aitana Guia Associate Professor, History California State University Fullerton
Aja LaDuke Associate Professor of Literacy Studies and Elementary Education Sonoma State University
Albert Lozano Professor California State University, Sacramento
Alberto Pulido Professor of Ethnic Studies University of San Diego
Alejandro Covarrubias Assistant Professor California State University, Los Angeles
Alerie Flandez Grad student & former 7-12 grade teacher San Diego State University
Alice Yoon Undergraduate Fullerton College (Phi Theta Kappa Honor Society President)
Alison Dover Associate Professor California State University, Fullerton
ALLISON BRICENO Associate Professor San Jose State University
Allyson Tintiangco-Cubales Professor SF State
Álvaro Huerta Associate Professor California State Polytechnic University, Pomona
Amanda Lashaw Professor UC Santa Cruz
Amanda Matas Lecturer San Diego State University
Ambar Rodriguez Educator Farmersville Unified
Amber Gonzalez, Ph.D. Associate Professor California State University Sacramento
Amber Lamprecht Graduate Student UC Berkeley
Amber Rose Gonzalez Assoc. Professor & Chair of Ethnic Studies Fullerton College
Ameena Jandali Instructor City College of San Francisco
Ana Castro Independent Scholar Oxnard
Ana K. Soltero López Assistant Professor CSU, Fresno
Anaida Colon-Muniz Professor Emerita Chapman University, Orange, CA
Anastasia Fiandaca Counselor City College of San Francisco and College of Marin
Andres Rodriguez Professor San José City College
Andrew Jolivette Professor UC San Diego Ethnic Studies
Angel Valencia Lecturer CSU East Bay
Angelica Camacho Assistant Professor San Francisco State University
Angie Fa, PhD Professor San Francisco
Anthony Ratcliff Associate Professor Cal State LA
Anthony Rivas Assistant Professor CSU-Sacramento
Antonia Darder Endowed Chair in Ethics & Moral Leadership Loyola Marymount University
Arlyn Moreno Luna Graduate Student UC Berkeley
Arnetta Villela-Smith Professor Fullerton College
Arturo Arrieta Teacher San Francisco State University
Ashley C. Hall Professor Sonoma State University
Bakari Chavanu Education organizer Elk Grove
Baki Tezcan Professor University of California, Davis
Bao Lo Professor CSU Sacramento
Barbara Flores Professor Emerita CSUSB
Barbara Henderson Director EdD Program SF State University
Becky L. Noël Smith Assistant Professor California State University, Fresno
Belen Carrasco Middle School Teacher, Graduate Student Kern County Educators for Ethnic Studies
Benikia Kressler Professor Fullerton
Bernadette Tello Lecturer CSUS
Betina Hsieh Professor & Director of Teacher Education University of La Verne
Betsy Eudey Professor/Director, Gender Studies California State University Stanislaus
Blanca Gordo Independent scholar Oakland
Bobby Dalton Guleng Roy Independent Scholar Sacramento, CA
Brenda Quispe Student Fresno Pacific University
Brian Charest Assistant Professor University of Redlands
Briana Ronan Associate Professor Cal Poly San Luis Obispo
Bridget Castillo Graduate Student, School Social Worker San Jose
Brittney Nunneley Teacher BCSD
Bryce Becker PhD Candidate University of California Berkeley
Caleb Dawson Graduate Student University of California Berkeley
Carl Schottmiller Lecturer California State University, Los Angeles
Carlos Hagedorn Professor Napa
Carlos Tejeda Professor Cal State Los Angeles
Carol Batker Professor University of San Francisco
Caroline Spurgin Doctoral Candidate Santa Cruz
Cathery Yeh Assistant Professor Chapman University
Cati de los Ríos Assistant Professor UC Berkeley
Celia Montes de Oca Teacher San Lorenzo, Ca
Cesar Rodriguez Professor San Francisco State University
Charley Brooks Graduate Student UC Santa Cruz
Chau Quach-Wendel Teacher Independence High School San Jose, CA
Christián González Reyes Graduate Student Comparative Literature, UC Berkeley
Christian Vigil Teacher West Contra Costa Unified
Christina Restrepo Nazar Assistant Professor, Science Education Cal State LA
Christine Gutierrez Teacher / Graduate Student Loyola Marymount Kern County
Christine Jean Yeh Professor University of San Francisco
Christine Sleeter Professor Emerita California State University Monterey Bay
Christine T Francisco Community College Faculty SAN FRANCISCO
Clarissa Rojas Professor Uc davis
Colette Cann Associate Dean and Professor University of San Francisco
Colleen Sweeney Professor UC Davis
Coreen Carrillo Clinical Supervisor Cal Poly
Corina Vasaure Professor of Ethnic Studies Chabot and Ohlone College
Corinna Sanding Graduate Student University of San Francisco
Cristian Aquino-Sterling Associate Professor and Associate Dean for Diversity and International Affairs College of Education - San Diego State University
Cristina Padilla PhD Candidate and Lecturer University of San Diego
Cynthia Valencia Graduate Student & School Psychologist UC Berkeley & Oakland Unified School District
Daniel Joseph Lind Professor and Chair, Ethnic Studies Department Cypress College
Danny C. Martinez Associate Professor UC Davis
Daphne Taylor-Garcia Professor University of California, San Diego
Darlene Okamoto Lee Faculty Advisor UCLA Teacher Education Program
Darryl White Chair, Black Parallel School Board, Sacramento
David Barillas Chon Assistant Professor Western University
David Donahue Professor University of San Francisco
David Flores Ph.D Candidate University of California, Los Angeles
Denise Fleming Professor California State University, East Bay
Denise Kennedy Professor Cal Poly Pomona
Denise M. Fleming Professor California State University, East Bay
Dennis Lopez Lecturer on Chicano/Latino Studies & Ethnic Studies at Cal Poly Pomona Riverside
Derek Holiday Graduate Student Berkeley
Devan Upchurch Professor Orange Coast College
Dianne Vargas Assistant Professor Counselor Education California State University, Stanislaus
Dolores Delgado Bernal Professor & Department Chair Cal State LA
Dr Roberto D Hernandez Associate Professor San Diego State University
Dr. André J. Branch Professor San Diego State University
Dr. Andrea L. Moore Associate Professor Sacramento
Dr. Kelly Kent Governing Board Member Culver City Unified School District
Dr. Lisa William Professor CSU Sacramento and San Joaquin Delta College
Dr. Melissa Leal Tribal Liaison/Tribal Educator Sierra College/SCUSD
Dr. Ramona I. Coates Professor City College of San Francisco & San Francisco State University
Dr. Richard A. Navarro Professor California State Polytechnic University, Pomona
Dr. Robert Stanley Oden Professor CSU Sacramento
Edgar L. Torres Chair of Latin American and Latinx Studies at CCSF San Francisco
Edith becerra Teacher Lodi, CA
Eduardo Lopez Faculty UCLA Teacher Education Program
Edward Curammeng Assistant Professor California State University, Dominguez Hills
Edwin Ortega Beltran Graduate Student Woodland
Elias Medina Independent Scholar McFarland, CA
Elias Serna, Ph.D. Professor Assoc. of Mexican American Educators - SM/West LA Chap.
Elizabeth Comacchio Instructor CCSF
Elizabeth Montaño Associate Professor of Teaching UC Davis
Elli England Professor Fullerton College
Elvia Ramirez Professor California State University, Sacramento
Emily Jullié Lecturer San Diego State University
Enrique C. Ochoa Professor California State University, Los Angeles
Erica Eva Colmenares Assistant Professor of Liberal Studies San Jose State University
Erin Whitney Assistant Professor CSU Chico
Ernesto Bustillos Professor Pasadena City College
Ernesto Garay Professor Woodland Community College
Erualdo Gonzalez Professor and Chair California State University, Fullerton
Estela Mara Bensimon University Professor Emerita University of Southern California
Eugene Fujimoto Associate Professor CSU Fullerton
Evan Wade Chair of History and Ethnic Studies San Joaquin Delta College
Farima P. Pour-Khorshid Professor University of San Francisco
Fatima El-Tayeb Professor UC San Diego
Faye Peitzman Adjunct Professor UCLA School of Education
Fernanda Zuzul teacher SDCOE
Francia Pinillos Special Education Teacher, M.Ed San Diego Unified School District
Francisco R. Lopez Teacher Twin Rivers Unified School District
Frank Adamson Assistant Professor CSU - Sacramento
G.T. Reyes Assistant Professor of Educational Leadership CSU East Bay
Gabriel Hernandez Community and Human Rights Organizer of Ethnic Studies Various Educational Institutions use my curriculum.
Gabriela Kovats Sanchez Lecturer San Diego State University
Gail Perez Professor Emerita University of San Diego
George Lipsitz Professor University of California, Santa Barbara
Gia Moreno Teacher Hood, California
Gilda Bloom-Leiva, Ph.D. Professor San Francisco State University
Gioia Fonda Professor of Studio Art Sacramento City College
Giselle Cunanna Visiting Graduate Student UCSD
Glenn Singley Teacher Sacramento City Unified School District
Gregory Downs Professor UC Davis
Guillermo Gomez, Ph.D. SDUSD Ethnic Studies Lead Teacher, Adjunct Professor SDSU San Diego
Gustavo Gonzalez Teacher Stockton Unified School District
Heather Lattimer Dean San Jose State University
Heather Macias Assistant Professor California State University, Long Beach
Heidi Redlitz Teacher San Diego Unified School District
Heidy Sarabia Professor CSU Sacramento
Irene Lara Associate Professor San Diego State University
Iris Ruiz Professor UC MERCED
Isidro d ortiz Professor San Diego State University
Jacqueline Brooks Assistant Professor California State University Sacramento
Jacqueline Hutton Teacher/Intern Oakland Unifified School District
Jaime Perez Prof. Long Beach
James Fabionar Assistant Professor University of San Diego
Jamie Chan Program Director, Adjunct Faculty San Francisco State University
Jamie Marsh Assistant Professor California State University, Los Angeles
Jane Lehr Professor California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly SLO)
Janene Ward Educator UCLA
Janet E Fish Professor Emerita California State University, Northridge
Jaye T. Darby Lecturer University of California, Los Angeles
jean ishibashi Educator Scholar/Activist San Francisco
Jeff Share Faculty Advisor UCLA
Jeffrey De La Torre HLPUSD Board President & LAUSD Educator HLPUSD
Jennifer E. Killham Visiting Assistant Professor of Child Development University of LA Verne
Jennifer Herring Teacher Alexander Twilight College Preparatory Academy
Jennifer Park Teacher California Virtual Academies
Jennifer Peart Teacher Sacramento City Unified School District
Jennifer Tilton Professor University of Redlands
Jenny Lee Sperling Graduate Student UC Santa Barbara
Jeremiah Hernandez Independent Scholar Santa Maria, CA
Jeren Penalosa Teacher NHUSD
Jesse Aguilar Teacher / CTA Board of Directors California Teachers Association
Jessica Carr Doctoral Candidate UC Berkeley
Jessica Hilderbrand Ms. Jessica Hilderbrand, Proud Member of the Cherokee Nation, At-Large Citizen, Twin Rivers Unified School District Special Education Teacher Twin Rivers United Educator Association Ethnic Minority Director-At-Large, CTA Capital Service Center Minority-At-Large, CTA CARSplus Liaison, Sacramento area
Jessica King Undergraduate Student Fullerton College, Phi Theta Kappa Honor Society
Jessica Masters Professor City College of San Francisco
Jill Hodges Teacher/Graduate Student HLPUSD/LMU
Jill Hodges Teacher Hacienda la puente unified school district
Joanna D Gallagher Teacher in SCUSD Sacramento
Joanna Wong Associate Professor California State University, Monterey Bay
JoAnne Strickland Professor City College of San Francisco
Jonathan Oyaga Undergraduate Student South Pasadena
Jonathan Potter Department Chair City College of San Francisco
Jonathan Radocay Graduate Student UC-Davis
Jorge F. Rodriguez Professor Attallah College of Educational Studies, Chapman University
Jorge Garcia Emeritus Prof Chicana/o Studies California State University Northridge
Jorge Garcia Emeritus Prof. Chicana/o Studies California State University Northridge
Jose A. Maldonado Vice Chair, Department of Chicano Los Angeles Mission College
Jose Alamillo Professor California State University Channel Islands
José Cintrón Professor Emeritus CSU Sacramento-College of Education
José I. Fusté Professor UC San Diego
José M. Aguilar-Hernández Associate Professor Cal Poly Pomona
José Navarro Associate Professor of Ethnic Studies Cal Poly San Luis Obispo
Jose Prado Professor of Sociology CSU Dominguez Hills
José R. Flores Visiting Assistant Professor Whittier College
Josephine Arce Professor Emeritus San Francisco State University
Josephine H. Pham Professor California State University, Fullerton
Joy Esboldt Graduate Student University of California Berkeley
Jr Arimboanga Ethnic Studies Teacher on Special Assignment Stockton Unified School District
Judith Green Professor Emerita University of California Santa Barbara
Judith Perez Lecturer California State University Fullerton
Judy Bolton Graduate Student Antioch University Los Angeles
Julee Bauer Full-time Lecturer Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo
Julia Nyberg Professor Purdue University Global
Julian Jefferies Associate Professor Cal State Fullerton
Julio Soto Sociology Instructor San Diego
Kai Greene, Ph.D. CCC-SLP Assistant Professor California State University, Dominguez Hills
Kaili Carr Graduate Student UC Berkeley
Karen Grady Professor Sonoma State University
Karen Robinson Teacher Orange Coast College
Karina Du Doctoral Student and Lecturer UC Berkeley and San Francisco State University
Karina Figueroa-Ramirez Educator CSU Sacramento
Karla Alvarado-Goldberg School Social Worker Los Angeles, California
Karyl E. Ketchum, Ph.D. Professor CSU Fullerton
Kassandra Harris Talbot Graduate Student and Teacher San Francisco State University
Kayla Mains Teacher Castle Park High School
Kelly Estrada Professor Sonoma State University
Kevin Kumashiro Independent Scholar Emeryville
Kevin Quintero Graduate Student UC Berkeley, Graduate School of Education
Kevin Stockbridge Assistant Professor Chapman University
Kheng Ly-Hoang Lecturer Cal State LA
Kim Vachon PhD Student UC-Santa Cruz
Kimberly White-Smith Dean University of La Verne
Kimi Wilson Assistant Professor Cal State LA
Kimya Crawford Social worker San Diego State University
Kira LeeKeenan Professor Cal State Fullerton
Kisha Williamson-Champion Professor PEACH
Kitty Kelly Epstein, PhD Professor and Radio host Holy Names University and KPFA Radio
Krista L. Cortes Graduate Student University of California Berkeley
Kristian E. Vasquez Graduate Student UC Santa Barbara
Kristine Specht Graduate Student and Substitute Teacher University of Redlands; Redlands-USD, Redlands
Kyler Asato Independent scholar Orange
La Tanya Hardy Instructor Canyon country
Lallia Allali PhD Student University of San Diego
larry thurman teacher san diego
Laura Garriguez Teacher Richmond
Laurie Olsen Independent scholar Berkeley, CA
Leda Ramos Lecturer Faculty, Cal State LA Cal State LA
Linda Greenberg Professor Cal State LA
Linda Munoz Student San Diego City College
Linda Turner Bynoe Professor Emerita California State University, Monterey Bay
Lindsay Meyers Teacher Santa Teresa High School
Lisa Edsall Giglio Professor SAN FRANCISCO
Lisa May Norton Dean Touro University California
Liz Sanchez Lecturer Fullerton College
Lizzie Brock English Instructor City College of San Francisco
Loan Dao Associate Professor St. Mary’s College
Lorena Guillén Assistant Professor UCLA
Lorena Oropeza Interim Associate Vice Chancellor, Academic Diversity University of California, Davis
Lorena V. Marquez Assistant Professor University of California, Davis
Lorine Erika Saito Assistant Professor National University, Sanford College of Education
Louise J Santiago PhD Assistant Dean, College of Education and Health Sciences Touro University California
Lucha Arevalo Professor Rio Hondo College
Luz Calvo Professor Cal State East Bay
Luz Casquejo Johnston, Ed.D. Assistant Professor Saint Mary's College of California
Maciel Hernandez Assistant Professor UC Davis
Magaly Lavadenz Professor Loyola Marymount University
Magdalena Felix Education Specialist Teacher Claremont
Maggie Harrison Professor of English; Chair of Women's and Gender Studies City College of San Francisco
Manuel Barajas Professor Sacramento State
Manuel Callahan Adjunct Center for Convivial Research and Autonomy
Marcelle Maese Assoicate Professor of English University of San Diego
Marcos Pizarro Professor of Chicanx Studies San Jose State University
Margarita Berta-Avila Professor Sacramento State University
Maria del Rosario Zavala Associate Professor of Elementary Education San Francisco State University
Maria Elena Cruz Professor San Jose Stare University
María Oropeza Fujimoto Assistant Professor California State University Los Angeles
Maria Ramirez Graduate Student University of Redlands
Maria Soldatenko Associate Professor Pitzer College
Marie Lorraine Mallare-Jimenez Professor CSU Sacramento
Mario Galván Independent Scholar Ethnic Studies Now Coalition, Sacramento
Marisa Villegas-Ramirez Instructor Oakland Unified School District and Peralta Community College
Marisol Ruiz Associate Professor Humboldt State University
Maritza Lozano Assistant Professor California State University Fullerton
Martha A Reyes Professor CSUS
Martha Escobar Professor CSU Northridge
Martha L. Adriasola-Martinez Retired Teacher SFUSD
Mary Belmontez Teacher San Diego
Mary Romo Professor East Los Angeles College
Mary Stokke Vides Graduate Student University of the People
Megan Graduate Student San Diego State University
Megan Everett Graduate Student UC Berkeley
Megan McIntyre Assistant Professor of English Sonoma State University
Melinda Gandara Lecturer Santa Barbara City College
Melissa Moreno Professor Woodland Community College
Melissa Peth Teacher East Side Union High School District
Melissa-Ann Nievera-Lozano Professor of Ethnic Studies Evergreen Valley College
Melva G Alvarez Director, Math Engineering Science Achievement Pasadena City College
Michael Calderon-Zaks Lecturer of Sociology UCSD
Michael Domínguez Assistant Professor San Diego State University
Miguel Zavala Associate Professor Cal State LA
Miriam Hennig Graduate Student University of San Francisco
Monica A Gonzalez Herrera Undergraduate Student University of California San Diego
Monica Hernandez Assistant Professor Moreno Valley College
Monica Rincon Martinez Teacher LAUSD
Monica Torreiro Casal Lecturer UC Davis
Nalik Davis Teacher Rialto unified
Nancy Favila Teacher Lamont CA
Nancy Huante-Tzintzun Professor CSU-Sacramento
Natalia Deeb-Sossa Professor UCDAVIS
Nicholas Centino assistant professor CSUCI
Nick Henning Professor CSU-Fullerton
Nicol R. Howard Assistant Professor University of Redlands
Nicole Limon Lecturer California State University, Sacramento
Nikola Hobbel Professor Humboldt State University
Niku Bolourchi Graduate Student University of San Francisco
Nnenna Okpara Professor University of Redlands
Noel Mora Graduate Student Sacramento State
Noni Mendoza Reis Professor Emerita of Educational Leadership San Jose State University
Norell Martínez, PhD Assistant Professor of English San Diego City College
Norma V Iglesias Prieto Professor SDSU
Octavia M. Boligan Graduate Student/ Teacher Stockton
Octavio Barajas Ethnic Studies Professor Visalia
Olga Araujo-Delgadillo Teacher, EL/Title I Coordinator LAUSD
Olga Garcia Lecturer Cal State University of Los Angeles
Oscar Garibay Teacher Stockton Unified School District
Oscar Navarro Assistant Professor of Teacher Education California State University, Long Beach
Osvaldo Ramirez Dance Lecturer CSU Sacramento
Pablo Jasis, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Education California State University, Fullerton
Patricia Ann Bolster English teacher, East Side Union High School District (retired) San Jose, Ca. East Side Union High School District, San Jose, ca.
Patricia D. López Assistant Professor California State University, Fresno
Patricia D. Quijada Associate Professor University of California, Davis
Patricia Donohue Associate Professor (ret.) San Francisco State University
Patricia Espinoza Fernández Lecturer/Student Teaching Supervisor San Diego State University
Patricia Medellin Gomez Professor/Adjunct Faculty - Ethnic Studies Dept. Fullerton College, Irvine Valley College & CSU Stanislaus
Patricia Nunley Professor City College of San Francisco
Paula Lane Professor, Chair Sonoma State University
Pete Farruggio, PhD Associate Professor, Bilingual Education (retired)Oakland Oakland, CA
Peter McLaren Distinguished Professor in Critical Studies Chapman University
Phillip D. Akutsu Professor California State University, Sacramento
Phillip Tabera President, Board of Trustees Salinas Union High School District
Quaylan Allen Associate Professor Chapman University
R. Tolteka Cuauhtin Ethnic Studies Teacher United Teachers Los Angeles
Rachael A. Gonzales Professor California State University Sacramento
Rachel deLahunta High school teacher East Side Teachers Association, East Side Union High School District
Rachel Rovinsky Independent Scholar Education Reimagined in the Bay
Randy Villegas Assistant Professor, Ph.D. Candidate College of the Sequoias/ UC Santa Cruz
Raquel Estela Aldana Professor of Law UC Davis
Raquel Frausto Teacher Santa Barbara Unified
Raul Moarquech Ferrera-Balanquet Independent Fulbright Scholar Los Angeles
Rebecca McNeil Independent Scholar Berkeley
Renee Starowicz Graduate Student UC Berkeley
Reynaldo Baca Emeritus Clinical Professor of Education University of Southern California, Los Angeles
Rhianna Henry Casesa Associate Professor Sonoma State University
Ricardo Aguilar R Professor San Joaquin Delta College Stockton
Ricardo Medina Lecturer and Educator University of San Diego, San Diego Unified
Richard A Navarro Professor Cal Poly Pomona
Richard Kahn Core Faculty in Education Antioch University
Rickey Vincent Associate Professor / Lecturer California College of the Arts / SF City College / UC Berkeley
Rita Cameron Wedding professor emeritus Sacramento State University
Rita Kohli Associate Professor UC Riverside
Robert Clark Professor, Counselor City College of San Francisco
Roberta Ahlquist Professor Emerita San Jose State University
Roberto C. Delgadillo Librarian University of California, Davis
Robyn Magalit Rodriguez Professor, Founding Director Asian American Studies/Bulosan Center for Filipinx Studies, UC Davis
Rocio Leon Graduate Student University of Southern California
Ronald Lopez Associate Professor and Dept. Chair Sonoma State University
Rosa Jimenez Associate Professor University of San Francisco
Rosalba Ponce Lecturer San Diego State University
Rose Borunda Professor California State University, Sacramento
Roshanak Kheshti Associate Professor of Ethnic Studies UCSD
Rosie Kar, PhD Lecturer Dept of Ethnic Studies, Fullerton College
Ross Frank Associate Professor U.C. San Diego, Dept. of Ethnic Studies
Rouhollah Aghasaleh Assistant Professor Humboldt State University
Roy perez Assistant Professor of Ethnic Studies UC San Diego
Ruchi Agarwal-Rangnath Assistant Professor University of San Francisco
Ruth Cálcanas Adjunct Professor Fullerton College
Ruth Silver Taube Adjunct Professor Santa Clara University School of Law
Ryan Strole Teacher Napa Valley Unified School District
Sam Johnson Professor City College Of San Francisco
Samia Shoman Administrator/Teacher SMUHSD
Sapna Chopra Professor California State University Fullerton
Sarah Crabtree Professor San Francisco State University
Shannon Ito Teacher Fresno
Sheena Evans Special Education Teacher Bakersfield City School District
Sheeva Sabati Lecturer Education Department, University of California, Santa Cruz
Socorro Orozco Assistant Professor California State University, Los Angeles
Soleste Hilberg Director of Teacher Education University of California Santa Cruz
Sophia Sobko Graduate Student UC Berkeley
Stacey Grer Academic Coordinator UC Davis History Project
Stacy D Fahrenthold Assistant Professor University of California Davis
Stephanie Beaver-Guzman Counselor, Lecturer, Graduate Student Columbia College, CSU Stanislaus
Stephanie Cariaga Assistant Professor California State University, Dominguez Hills
Stephanie D'Costa Assistant Professor California State University, Monterey Bay
Stephanie J. Cook Social Science Instructor SCUSD, Sacramento
Steven Estrada Professor Ethnic Studies Department, Cypress College
Steven McCarty Professor San Joaquin Delta College
Steven Moreno-Terrill Adjunct Professor Department of Chicana/o Studies, San Diego Mesa College
Sujatha Moni Professor CSUS
Susan C Luevano Ethnic Studies Librarian California State University Long Beach
Susan Gordon Green Chair CSU Chico Multicultural and Gender Studies
Susan Verducci Sandford Professor San Jose State
Susan Warren Professor Emeritus & Education Research & Evaluation Fellow Azusa Pacific University & Claremont Graduate University
Susana Winkel, Ph.D. Professor The Wright Institute
Suzanne Peck Independent scholar Santa Barbara
Suzanne SooHoo Faculty Emerita Chapman University
Suzy Lissette Hernández Spanish Teacher Vistamar School
Tamara Collins-Parks MA in Ed Coordinator: Critical Literacy and Social Justice specialization SDSU
Tanya Kane-Parry Professor Cal State LA
Tavengwa Gwekwerere Professor Cal State LA
Teresa Cavazos Teacher SAUSD
Teresa L. McCarty GF Kneller Chair in Education & Anthropology and Faculty, American Indian Studies University of California, Los Angeles
Tessa Hill Professor UC Davis
Theodore Briscoe Teacher West Contra Costa Unified School District
Theresa Burruel Stone Professor Sonoma State University
Theresa Montaño Professor CSUN CHS
Timothy Monreal Assistant Professor California State University, Bakersfield
Tonnette Briggs-Polk Education Specialist Pittsburg
Toya Moshe Jackson Student/Tutor/ Board Member The Alma Wilturner-Jackson Foundation
Tracee Auville-Parks Graduate student and teacher University of Redlands
Tricia Gallagher-Geurtsen Lecturer University of California, San Diego
Trisha Gonzales-Waters Educator/ Lecturer San Francisco State University/ Mount Diablo Unified School District
Tristan Josephson Associate Professor Sacramento State University
Vajra Watson Professor CSU-Sacramento
Valarie Ikemoto Adjunct faculty lecturer San Jose State University
Valerie Talavera-Bustillos, Ph.D. Full Professor, California State University, Los Angeles
Veronica Gonzalez Assistant professor Cal State LA
Veronica Valadez Professor of Ethnic Studies and Educational Consultant CSU Channel Islands & Ehecatl Wind Philosophies
Victor Tam Principal San Francisco
Viki Montera-Heckman Associate Professor Sonoma State University
Virginia Gonzalez-Franzen Teacher KCE4ES
Vivian Bejarin English Professor De Anza College
Wanda Watson Assistant Professor Mills College
Winnie Tam Hung Lecturer Sacramento State University
Xamuel Banales Associate professor CSU Stanislaus
Zainab Abdullah Intern Los Rios Community College District
Ziza Delgado Noguera Associate Professor of Ethnic Studies Fullerton College



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