6th Gr. Practice NCFE
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1 How did innovations such as irrigation, aqueducts, and improved farm techniques transform civilizations?
2 “Our constitution does not copy the laws of neighbouring states; we are rather a pattern to others than imitators ourselves. Its administration favours the many instead of the few… If we look to the laws, they afford equal justice to all in their private differences… if a man is able to serve the state, he is not hindered by… his condition. The freedom which we enjoy in our government extends also to our ordinary life.” | ~Pericles, as quoted in History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 2, Thucydides | What can be inferred from Pericles’ speech?
3 From the above passage, for which form of government is Pericles advocating?
4 Many early societies were called river valley civilizations because they developed near rivers. How did the rivers contribute to the survival of these civilizations?
5 Which is the most likely reason that hunter-gatherers began farming?
Major River Systems
6 Which number on the map above labels the river that most directly contributed to the development of ancient Egypt?
7 My family lives in a two story house near the ziggurat. My father works for the king and my brother is a priest. My mother doesn’t work, but she stays busy making sure the slaves in our home are doing their jobs. Our family and all of the families that have people work for the king live near the ziggurat and the center of our city. The people who are merchants live a little farther away from the center of the city, and the people who are farmers and fishermen live farthest out near the city walls. | I am lucky because I am going to the Edubba to learn to be a scribe. It is very hard to get into the Edubba, but because of my father’s political connections, he was able to get me a spot. It takes 10 years to learn to become a scribe and I have been there for the past 8. | Based upon the passage, you can infer that scribes…
8 Based upon this passage, you can infer that an Edubba is…
9 Based upon the passage, what is the factor that determines where people live?
10 Legalism: belief that leaders should rule with force | Confucianism: The ruler bears responsibility for the well-being of the people and, therefore, for peace and order in the empire. | Chinese leaders moved from a legalistic government to a government based on Confucianism. How did Confucius transform the society?
11 How did technology change communication in the late thirteenth century?
12 As restrictions and prohibitions are multiplied in the Empire, the people grow poorer and poorer. When the people are subjected to overmuch government, the land is thrown into confusion. . . The greater the number of laws and enactments, the more thieves and robbers there will be. Therefore the Sage says: “So long as I do nothing, the people will work out their own reformation. So long as I love calm, the people will right themselves. If only I keep from meddling, the people will grow rich. If only I am free from desire, the people will come naturally back to simplicity.” | The Sayings of Lao-Tzu: Government | What were Lao-Tzu’s views on government?
Indus River Valley and Surrounding Areas
13 This map shows the area inhabited by the ancient Indus River Valley civilization. Archaeologists have discovered stone seals from the Indus River Valley civilization in both Israel and Iraq. What is the most common theory for how these seals came to be located in the Indus River Valley?
14 Timeline of Legal Codes | 1700 BCE - Hammurabi’s code in Babylon created strict laws and punishments. | 550 BCE - Solon’s code in Greece created less strict laws and punishments. | 1215 CE - Magna Carta in England limits a king’s power and protects citizens’ rights. | How has the role of legal codes evolved through time in human societies?
15 Hammurabi was the King of Babylon from 1792 BCE to 1750 BCE. Hammurabi wrote The Code of Hammurabi, the oldest set of laws known to exist, which was made up of 282 laws. The code was carved in stone for all to see and read. | Facts about The Code of Hammurabi: | This was the first written code. People could see it. This increased people’s ability to read. | The code treated women fairly. | The harsh punishments made civilizations safer. | The code reinforced class structure—punishments were different for the different classes. | Based on the above information, how did Hammurabi help to transform society?
16 The Roman Forum | The Roman forum was located at the center of Ancient Rome. It was a gathering place where public events were held. Soon the forum grew to also include merchant shops, temples and government buildings. The forum became the religious, economic, and government center for Rome. | Based on the above information, how did the forum contribute to Roman civilization?
17 There came from India certain monks . . . they promised the emperor in an interview that they would provide the materials for making silk so that never should the Romans seek business of this kind from their enemy the Persians, or from any other people whatsoever... Thus began the art of making silk from that time on in the Roman Empire.“ | Procopius: The Roman Silk Industry, c. 550,” modernized by Jerome S. Arkenberg Courtesy of Internet History Sourcebooks Project | How did the negotiations between the Indian monks and the Roman emperor affect the silk trade in the Roman empire?
18 In 711 CE, the Moors invaded Spain and established Islamic rule. During this period, philosophy, mathematics, and science flourished in the nation. For instance, Ibn Zuhr, a physician and surgeon, tested medical procedures on animals before using them on humans. His work was translated into Latin and Hebrew and had a significant impact on the medical field. Spain remained closely connected to Baghdad for 200 years before becoming independent. Spain was one of the wealthiest areas of Europe during the period of Moorish rule. | Based on the above passage, how did the Moorish invasion of Spain affect civilization in the region?
19 Use the following list to answer the following question. | Believed in many gods | Often credited with founding democracy | Held legal trials with juries made up of ordinary citizens | Which ancient civilization is best described by the list?
20 “Your duty will be to remain indoors and send out those servants whose work is outside, and superintend those who are to work indoors, and to receive the incomings, and distribute so much of them as must be spent, and watch over so much as is to be kept in store, and take care that the sum laid by for a year be not spent in a month.” | -Xenophon, Oeconomicus (5th century BCE) | Which of the following was a major responsibility of women in 5th century BCE Athens?
Ancient Chinese Dynasties (Tang & Yuan)
21 Which statement best describes what is shown on the map?
22 The modern Olympic Games come from the ancient Olympics in Greece. Whichstatement correctly compares the ancient and modern games?
23 Findings From Ancient Burial Sites: | About 8,000 life-size, terra-cotta clay soldiers were found about one mile east of the first emperor of China’s tomb. | Tombs in Egypt were found with tools, make-up, and clothing. | Based on these facts, how were the beliefs of these societies similar?
24 Ancient Empire Economic Issues: | poor management by leaders | hoarding of wealth | too much debt | How did the economic factors listed affect the ancient empires?
25 I will sing of well-founded Earth, | Mother of all, eldest of all beings. | She feeds all creatures that are in the world, | All that go upon the goodly land, | And all that are in the paths of the seas, | And all that fly: all these are fed of her store. | Through you, O queen, men are blessed in their children | And blessed in their harvests, | And to you it belongs to give means of lifeTo mortal men and to take it away. | - by Homer | Which value of Greek civilization is reflected in this hymn?
26 Order of Ruling Powers in Ancient Greece | 1. Monarchy | 2. Oligarchy | 3. Tyranny | 4. Democracy | Which statement explains the list above?
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