6th Gr. Practice NCFE
1 How did innovations such as irrigation, aqueducts, and improved farm techniques transform civilizations?
A Innovations made it possible to expand settlements at arid locations.
B Innovations increased the numbers of hunters and gatherers.
C Innovations required smaller herds and less livestock.
D Innovations decreased the size of cities.
2 “Our constitution does not copy the laws of neighbouring states; we are rather a pattern to others than imitators ourselves. Its administration favours the many instead of the few… If we look to the laws, they afford equal justice to all in their private differences… if a man is able to serve the state, he is not hindered by… his condition. The freedom which we enjoy in our government extends also to our ordinary life.” | ~Pericles, as quoted in History of the Peloponnesian War, Book 2, Thucydides | What can be inferred from Pericles’ speech?
A Government’s job is to stay out of the way of the freedoms of its people.
B Every person, regardless of social status, should have say in the functions of that government.
C Government works best when it is controlled by smart and well-educated people.
D His government is what other governments see as what not to do.
3 From the above passage, for which form of government is Pericles advocating?
4 Many early societies were called river valley civilizations because they developed near rivers. How did the rivers contribute to the survival of these civilizations?
A They were a power source for mechanical devices such as waterwheels.
B They provided a route for transporting goods to other civilizations.
C They provided a fresh water supply and rich soil for growing food.
D They formed protective barriers around civilizations.
5 Which is the most likely reason that hunter-gatherers began farming?
A a scarcity of food
B a loss of technology
C wars among groups
D a decline in population
Major River Systems
6 Which number on the map above labels the river that most directly contributed to the development of ancient Egypt?
A number 1
B number 2
C number 3
D number 4
7 My family lives in a two story house near the ziggurat. My father works for the king and my brother is a priest. My mother doesn’t work, but she stays busy making sure the slaves in our home are doing their jobs. Our family and all of the families that have people work for the king live near the ziggurat and the center of our city. The people who are merchants live a little farther away from the center of the city, and the people who are farmers and fishermen live farthest out near the city walls. | I am lucky because I am going to the Edubba to learn to be a scribe. It is very hard to get into the Edubba, but because of my father’s political connections, he was able to get me a spot. It takes 10 years to learn to become a scribe and I have been there for the past 8. | Based upon the passage, you can infer that scribes…
A have no important duties
B are learning to be farmers
C have a respected position in society
D have no desire to learn
8 Based upon this passage, you can infer that an Edubba is…
A a type of job
B a place of worship
C a type of school
D a place to play
9 Based upon the passage, what is the factor that determines where people live?
A where they can find a house
B their social class
C the size of their family
D the size of the house they want to live in
10 Legalism: belief that leaders should rule with force | Confucianism: The ruler bears responsibility for the well-being of the people and, therefore, for peace and order in the empire. | Chinese leaders moved from a legalistic government to a government based on Confucianism. How did Confucius transform the society?
A Government leaders became concerned with the condition of China’s citizens.
B Military leaders became more important than educators and priests.
C Farmers became less dependent on government subsidies and support.
D Merchants became concerned with the economic issues affecting China’s citizens.
11 How did technology change communication in the late thirteenth century?
A It helped all citizens learn to read.
B It allowed people to quickly contact others around the world.
C It helped people to improve the living conditions in their societies.
D It enabled people to get information about other places and ideas.
12 As restrictions and prohibitions are multiplied in the Empire, the people grow poorer and poorer. When the people are subjected to overmuch government, the land is thrown into confusion. . . The greater the number of laws and enactments, the more thieves and robbers there will be. Therefore the Sage says: “So long as I do nothing, the people will work out their own reformation. So long as I love calm, the people will right themselves. If only I keep from meddling, the people will grow rich. If only I am free from desire, the people will come naturally back to simplicity.” | The Sayings of Lao-Tzu: Government | What were Lao-Tzu’s views on government?
A Lao-Tzu thought that people were naturally evil and needed many laws to govern their behavior.
B Lao-Tzu advocated for limited government involvement in people’s everyday lives.
C Lao-Tzu believed that only people from the upper class were fit to govern.
D Lao-Tzu felt that regulations on trade would lead to more people becoming rich.
Indus River Valley and Surrounding Areas
13 This map shows the area inhabited by the ancient Indus River Valley civilization. Archaeologists have discovered stone seals from the Indus River Valley civilization in both Israel and Iraq. What is the most common theory for how these seals came to be located in the Indus River Valley?
A Severe weather caused the seals to be carried across the ocean.
B The seals were stolen by invaders and hidden in other lands.
C The people of the Indus River Valley eventually migrated to modern-day Israel and Iraq.
D Merchants from the Indus River Valley traded with merchants from the Middle East.
14 Timeline of Legal Codes | 1700 BCE - Hammurabi’s code in Babylon created strict laws and punishments. | 550 BCE - Solon’s code in Greece created less strict laws and punishments. | 1215 CE - Magna Carta in England limits a king’s power and protects citizens’ rights. | How has the role of legal codes evolved through time in human societies?
A Laws have become stricter over time.
B Legal codes have been based on religious beliefs.
C Governments have never supported the rights of citizens.
D Legal codes have gradually given more protections to citizens.
15 Hammurabi was the King of Babylon from 1792 BCE to 1750 BCE. Hammurabi wrote The Code of Hammurabi, the oldest set of laws known to exist, which was made up of 282 laws. The code was carved in stone for all to see and read. | Facts about The Code of Hammurabi: | This was the first written code. People could see it. This increased people’s ability to read. | The code treated women fairly. | The harsh punishments made civilizations safer. | The code reinforced class structure—punishments were different for the different classes. | Based on the above information, how did Hammurabi help to transform society?
A His laws got rid of the existing class system.
B He created a written law code that increased literacy and people’s understanding of law.
C He continued the practice of treating women unfairly.
D He required that every class be punished equally.
16 The Roman Forum | The Roman forum was located at the center of Ancient Rome. It was a gathering place where public events were held. Soon the forum grew to also include merchant shops, temples and government buildings. The forum became the religious, economic, and government center for Rome. | Based on the above information, how did the forum contribute to Roman civilization?
A Instead of being solely focused on commerce, the forum also fulfilled cultural needs of the Romans.
B The forum provided cheaper prices for Romans than other markets.
C Government buildings were the focus of the forum, showcasing the power of the Roman government.
D Forum ruins still can be found today, because they were so well built.
17 There came from India certain monks . . . they promised the emperor in an interview that they would provide the materials for making silk so that never should the Romans seek business of this kind from their enemy the Persians, or from any other people whatsoever... Thus began the art of making silk from that time on in the Roman Empire.“ | Procopius: The Roman Silk Industry, c. 550,” modernized by Jerome S. Arkenberg Courtesy of Internet History Sourcebooks Project | How did the negotiations between the Indian monks and the Roman emperor affect the silk trade in the Roman empire?
A The Roman Empire started to import silk from Egypt rather than from Persia.
B The Indian monks offered to establish a route for silk trade with Persia.
C The Roman Empire began to receive materials for making silk from India so it could be produced locally.
D The Persians offered a better price for silk, so the Romans began to trade with them.
18 In 711 CE, the Moors invaded Spain and established Islamic rule. During this period, philosophy, mathematics, and science flourished in the nation. For instance, Ibn Zuhr, a physician and surgeon, tested medical procedures on animals before using them on humans. His work was translated into Latin and Hebrew and had a significant impact on the medical field. Spain remained closely connected to Baghdad for 200 years before becoming independent. Spain was one of the wealthiest areas of Europe during the period of Moorish rule. | Based on the above passage, how did the Moorish invasion of Spain affect civilization in the region?
A It forbade the advancement of philosophy and emphasized religion.
B It led to the development of new scientific and mathematical techniques.
C It created an isolated area of economic development and trade.
D It transformed Spain into a society primarily concerned with military power.
19 Use the following list to answer the following question. | Believed in many gods | Often credited with founding democracy | Held legal trials with juries made up of ordinary citizens | Which ancient civilization is best described by the list?
A ancient Egypt
B ancient China
C ancient Rome
D ancient Greece
20 “Your duty will be to remain indoors and send out those servants whose work is outside, and superintend those who are to work indoors, and to receive the incomings, and distribute so much of them as must be spent, and watch over so much as is to be kept in store, and take care that the sum laid by for a year be not spent in a month.” | -Xenophon, Oeconomicus (5th century BCE) | Which of the following was a major responsibility of women in 5th century BCE Athens?
A the education of young men
B the development of business
C the formation of public policy
D the management of the household
Ancient Chinese Dynasties (Tang & Yuan)
21 Which statement best describes what is shown on the map?
A The Yuan Dynasty expanded eastward during its reign.
B The Tang Dynasty focused on expanding into desert areas.
C The Yuan Dynasty more than doubled the size of the Tang Dynasty.
D The Tang Dynasty’s territory matched the land area of the Yuan Dynasty.
22 The modern Olympic Games come from the ancient Olympics in Greece. Whichstatement correctly compares the ancient and modern games?
A The Olympics still honor Zeus, but now winners are awarded medals.
B The Olympics are still an athletic competition, but now both women and men participate.
C The Olympics are still held in Greece, but now the modern Olympic Games are not religious events.
D The Olympics still only allow men, but now athletes from all over the world can participate in the modern games.
23 Findings From Ancient Burial Sites: | About 8,000 life-size, terra-cotta clay soldiers were found about one mile east of the first emperor of China’s tomb. | Tombs in Egypt were found with tools, make-up, and clothing. | Based on these facts, how were the beliefs of these societies similar?
A The rulers of ancient civilizations were buried in pyramids.
B Ancient people across civilizations did not appreciate the arts.
C The rulers of ancient civilizations appeared modest or humble in death.
D Ancient people across civilizations believed in preparing for life after death.
24 Ancient Empire Economic Issues: | poor management by leaders | hoarding of wealth | too much debt | How did the economic factors listed affect the ancient empires?
A Empires weakened and eventually declined.
B Empires forced wealthy citizens to forfeit money in taxes.
C Armies searched other empires for new leaders to govern.
D Armies of the empires were sent to other lands to increase wealth.
25 I will sing of well-founded Earth, | Mother of all, eldest of all beings. | She feeds all creatures that are in the world, | All that go upon the goodly land, | And all that are in the paths of the seas, | And all that fly: all these are fed of her store. | Through you, O queen, men are blessed in their children | And blessed in their harvests, | And to you it belongs to give means of lifeTo mortal men and to take it away. | - by Homer | Which value of Greek civilization is reflected in this hymn?
A The Greeks believed that gods and goddesses were involved in natural events.
B The Greeks believed that humans became gods and goddesses after death.
C The Greeks believed that gods and goddesses were at war with humans.
D The Greeks believed that gods and goddesses needed sacrifices offered by humans to stay alive.
26 Order of Ruling Powers in Ancient Greece | 1. Monarchy | 2. Oligarchy | 3. Tyranny | 4. Democracy | Which statement explains the list above?
A Some city-states of Ancient Greece went from being governed by their citizens to being ruled by a king.
B Some city-states of Ancient Greece went from being ruled by nobility to being governed by their citizens.
C Some city-states of Ancient Greece went from being ruled by military leaders to being governed by the upper class.
D Some city-states of Ancient Greece went from being ruled by rich merchants to being governed by men of nobility.
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