Earth's Changing Surface Post-Test Glaser 2016/2017
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What term describes the difference in elevation between the highest and lowest parts of an area?
1 point
A landform that has high elevation and a more or less level surface is a
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Elevation, relief, and slope on a topographic map are shown using symbols called
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What kind of slope do closely spaced contour lines indicate?
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To find the latitude, longitude, and elevation of points on Earth’s surface, the Global Positioning System uses
1 point
It would be easy to walk up a slope represented by contour lines that
1 point
The contour lines that represent the top of a hill form
1 point
A contour line that forms a closed loop and has small dashes pointing to the inside of the loop represents
1 point
The agent of mechanical weathering in which rock is worn away by the grinding action of other rock particles is called
1 point
Ice wedging causes mechanical weathering of rock by means of
1 point
What kind of weathering causes the mineral composition of rocks to change?
1 point
A rock containing iron becomes soft and crumbly and reddish-brown in color. It probably has been chemically weathered by
1 point
The most important factors in determining the rate of weathering are
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Soil formation begins with the weathering of
1 point
The solid layer of rock beneath the soil is called
1 point
The mixture of rock particles, minerals, decayed organic material, air, and water is called
1 point
The decayed organic material in soil is called
1 point
Living organisms in soil help to
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Decomposers are the soil organisms that
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The layer of soil in which topsoil is found is the
1 point
In a cross section of soil, the B horizon consists of
1 point
The process by which natural forces move weathered rock and soil from one place to another is called
1 point
The process in which sediment is laid down in a new location is called
1 point
Mass movement is caused by
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Water erosion begins when runoff from rainfall flows in a thin layer over the land in a kind of erosion called
1 point
A stream or river that runs into another stream or river is called a
1 point
A river flowing across a wide flood plain begins to form loop like bends called
1 point
A wide sloping deposit of sediment formed where a stream leaves a mountain range is called a(n)
1 point
Deltas are built up by
1 point
The process in which rock fragments freeze to the bottom of a glacier and then are carried away when the glacier moves is called
1 point
A geologist finds deep gouges and scratches on bedrock in an area once covered by a glacier. These scratches are evidence of the type of EROSION called
1 point
The energy that produces ocean waves comes from
1 point
The process by which wind removes surface materials is called
1 point
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