/ABG QUIZ
1. What is the acid-base disturbance in this patient?
Presenting complaint: pneumonia
1 point
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2. What is the acid-base disturbance in this patient? (select two answers)
No PMHx given.
0 points
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3. What is the respiratory state of the above patient?
1 point
4. What is the acid-base disturbance in this patient?
PMHx: CKD; mild COPD. Presenting complaint: Acute-on-chronic kidney injury
1 point
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5. What is the acid-base disturbance in this patient?
PMHx: CKD; severe COPD.
1 point
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6. What is the acid-base disturbance in this patient?
No PMHx given.
1 point
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7. Which is the single most likely diagnosis?
A 62-year-old man has been short of breath for 12h and is feeling generally unwell. An arterial blood gas is taken (on room air): pH 7.51 (+); PaCO2 3.1kPa (-); PaO2 8.9kPa (-); cHCO3– 23.1mmol/L (~).
1 point
8. Which is the single most likely diagnosis?
pO2 16.1kPa (+); pCO2 3.3kPa (-); pH 7.11 (-); HCO3- 12mmol/L (-)
1 point
9. Which is the single most likely diagnosis?
pO2 7.7kPa (-); pCO2 3.7kPa (-); pH 7.51 (+); HCO3- 18mmol/L (-)
1 point
10. Which is the single most likely diagnosis?
30-year-old female; pO2 9.6kPa (-); pCO2 9.4kPa (+); pH 7.4; HCO3- 36mmol/L (+)
1 point
11. Which is the single most likely diagnosis?
A 24-year-old woman has felt generally unwell for the last 24h. An arterial blood gas sample is taken (on RA): pH 7.24 (-); PaCO2 2.3kPa (-); PaO2 11.7kPa; cHCO3– 10mmol/L (-). Sodium 141mmol/L; potassium 4.3mmol/L; chloride 111mmol/L (+).
1 point
12 .Which is the single most likely diagnosis?
A 68-year-old woman is confused and cannot relate her full history. An arterial blood gas sample is taken (on RA): pH 7.26 (-); PaCO2 3.1kPa (-); PaO2 12.3kPa; HCO3– 16mol/L (-).Sodium 137mmol/L; potassium 3.5mmol/L; chloride 109mmol/L (+).
1 point
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