DOTCOM Waste Questionnaire
The DOTCOM Waste project has developed this questionnaire to identify needs and good practices for detecting, investigating and prosecuting waste crime activities. Only a composite analysis of your answers will be used within the context of the project. The objective is to translate this information into training materials and tools and will promote training sessions to help key stakeholders integrate good practices into their day-to-day operations.

Please contact us at info@dotcomwaste.eu if you prefer to provide your answers via phone interview.

We are grateful for your assistance in filling out this questionnaire.

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Part 1 of 2: Questions Relevant to All Respondents
1. Have you received training specifically related to the implementation of waste legislation and/or related to waste inspections/investigations/prosecutions/sentencing?
If yes: which training program, materials, manual, e-learning did you receive and how useful were they? If no: on which topic or skill would you be interested to receive training in? Please specify what type of training you would recommend, for who and what should be included. This answer could also include training in information/intelligence analysis.
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2. Which (if any) guidelines/legislation do you work with in countering waste crime and how effective/difficult is the interpretation/implementation?
The answer could include aspects such as if the guidelines/legislation (national/ the Basel convention or international agreements) are useful, if the difference between waste/non-waste, legal/illegal is clear, if there are grey areas/loopholes and if is there need for improvement.
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3. Is there an annual (strategic) inspection/investigation plan as written in the European Waste Shipment Regulation (EWSR) and how useful is it?
The answer could include if there are strategies concerning inspection planning, training, human, financial and other resources for the implementation of the inspection plan concerned, and if these are these effective.
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4. Does your agency have an intelligence capability/information system for waste inspections/investigations? If no is this needed and if yes, how useful is it?
The answer could include aspects related to what the information sharing role is, if you are using an intelligence system/software or databases with waste related information, how it works, and if information/intelligence is being analyzed. This can include risk assessments and risk profiling. In which of these areas training is needed in your agency or what training would you recommended training to other agencies?
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5. Is there cooperation between national authorities and how is it organized?
The answer could include who there is cooperation between in your country (police, customs, port, environmental authorities, ministries, and prosecutors) and with whom your agency is cooperating. Is this cooperation effective, and if not, how could it be strengthened?
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6. Is there international cooperation, how effective is it?
The answer could include cooperation between your authority and authorities in other countries as well as through/ with international organizations and networks such INTERPOL, IMPEL, ENPE and EUFJE. We would also like to know if the cooperation is institutionalized (agreements in place) and how the cooperation could be strengthened?
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7. Is there (a wish for) a system (software) to exchange information with other organizations?
The answer could include if intelligence and cases are shared with other agencies in your country / other countries / international organizations, what type of information and if there are difficulties/needs. For prosecutors, if there is information exchange on the number & results of prosecution / sanctions imposed.
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8. What types of waste are illegally exported/imported from/to your country?
This answer could also include which waste had high volume/frequency/impact and which are difficult to detect.
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9. Could you share cases, or data related to illegal waste trafficking?
With information on any of the following: volumes of illegal shipments and how these are estimated, frequency of illegal shipments, what kind of actors play a role in waste trafficking and how do they operate (means of transportation, modus operandi), waste trafficking routes, estimated amount of money criminals make in waste trafficking and consequences of waste trafficking (for service providers, governments, society, environment).
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Part 2 of 2: Specific Questions for Phases
Depending on your function/ expertise, please respond to the questions in the relevant section: A, B or C. Section A is intended for those responsible for waste inspections, such as environmental authorities and customs. Section B is intended for those involved in waste crime investigations, such as police and environmental authorities. Section C is intended for those responsible for prosecution and sentencing, such as prosecutors and judges.
A. Inspections (import, export, transit, waste sites collection, processing) & Detection
1. What is the procedure for carrying out inspections, is this procedure effective/ how could the procedure be optimized or improved?
The answer could include which aspects are inspected as well as the main constraints do you encounter during waste inspections and what recommendations can you give to address them? It also includes if an illegal waste shipment is sent back after detection, are there difficulties with this and alternative measures?
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2. Which inspections techniques and equipment are used and which are most useful/ recommended?
The answer could include if manual or visual tools are used and the types of equipment and techniques, which are needed and which are effective.
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B. Investigations
3. How are waste crimes investigated and are these methods effective?
The answer could include what aspects are investigated, for example if it is investigated where the waste came from (‘back to the source’ checks) and are financial investigations carried out to uncover the proceeds of the crime, as well as the money trail. As well as the techniques that are used and which are most useful, such as GPS/satellite, are these useful?
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C. Prosecution & Sentencing
4. What types of sanction usually apply to waste violations in your country or jurisdiction?
The answer could include what types of waste violations require criminal / civil / administrative response. Which sanctions are applied, such as fines, imprisonment, warnings, complementary sanctions and what are the amounts? In addition, it could describe the rules of confiscation & forfeiture of the proceeds of crime.
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5. How could prosecution and sentencing of waste crime be optimized and improved?
The answer could include what difficulties are encountered during prosecutions and the lessons learned. Is there also the availability of records or statistics on waste crime prosecutions and are these shared?
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Thank you very much for completing this questionnaire
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