Chapter 19 Quiz
Complete the following questions below on Chapter 19: Empires in Collision
What was the significance of the opium trade in China in the nineteenth century?
It lowered unemployment rates in China.
It reversed the trade imbalance in favor of Britain.
It resulted in a large inflow of silver into China.
It increased the tax revenue collected by the Chinese state.
How was the Taiping Uprising different from other peasant rebellions in China
It drew upon a variety of peasant grievances.
Its program included the abolition of private property.
It proclaimed a millenarian religious message.
Its goal was to restore an idealized Chinese society.
Which of the following was a consequence of the Taiping Uprising?
The Qing dynasty collapsed and civil war ensued.
The state initiated an effective and successful program of modernization.
The provincial gentry consolidated their power at the expense of the central state.
The problems facing the peasantry were finally addressed and resolved.
In light of what was happening to China as depicted in Map 19.1 in the textbook, which of the following phrases was used by many Chinese to describe their country during the nineteenth century?
"Heavenly kingdom of great peace"
"Carved up like a melon"
"Revolution from above"
"The Middle Kingdom"
Which of the following reflects the goal of the policies introduced by the Chinese state in the 1860's and 1870's to address the problems facing China?
To encourage the growth of an independent capitalist class
To redistribute land equally among the peasantry
To restore free trade and establish diplomatic relations with European states
To reinvigorate China by selectively borrowing from the West
Which of the following characterizes the goal of the Tanzimat reforms initiated by the Ottoman leadership in the mid-nineteenth century?
To clarify the religious principles for a renewed Muslim state
To strengthen the power of the Janissaries and give more autonomy to the ulama
To confirm the fundamentally Islamic character of the Ottoman Empire
To establish the economic, social, and legal foundation for a strong centralized state
Which of the following contributed to China's problems in the nineteenth century?
The weakening power of provincial officials and local gentry
The state's failure to maintain flood control and public security
The expansion and bureaucratization of the central goernment
The decline in the Chinese population in the past century
Islam retained a hold on its civilization in the twentieth century more firmly than Confucianism did in China because Islamic civilization
promoted an elitist and secular outlook.
was closely associated with the Ottoman Empire.
had many independent centers.
defined political loyalty in terms of religious fatih.
What was a result of the reform program launched by the Japanese leadership in the late nineteenth century?
A dramatic transformation of the social structure of Japan
The fall of the Tokugawa shogunate and the restoration of the emperor
The isolation of Japan from the rest of the world
The rejection of Western models in favor of Chinese models
What did the Young Turks advocate?
A jihad against all non-Muslims in the Ottoman Empire
A new political regime in the Ottoman Empire based on Wahhabi principles
A renewed war against the West
A militantly secular Turkish national state
Which of the following was a target for attack in the new nationalism that emerged in China at the turn of the twentieth century?
Western science and technology
Western political practices
The Qing dynasty
In what respect were Qing China and the Ottoman Empire similar in the nineteenth century?
Both successfully strengthened and centralized their states to defend their territory from European intrusion.
Both created industrial economies that enabled them to compete with Europe on an equal footing.
Both lost their independence to Japan in the late nineteenth century.
Both were semi-colonies within the informal empires of Europe.
How did Napoleon's invasion of Egypt in 1789 affect the Ottoman Empire?
A massive peasant uprising erupted that nearly toppled the Ottoman Empire.
The Ottoman Empire lost Egypt as a province.
The Ottoman Empire was required to exempt the French from Ottoman law.
The core region of the Ottoman Empire came under French rule.
Which of the following was a goal of the Young Ottomans?
The establishment of a European-style democratic, constitutional regime
The overthrow of the Ottoman Empire
The strengthening of the ulama and Janissaries
The creation of a theocratic state based on Islamic principles
Which was the only country outside of Europe and North America to successfully launch its own Industrial Revolution?
The Ottoman Empire
Which of the following developments during the Tokugawa era provided a solid foundation for Japan's industrial growth in the late nineteenth century?
The urbanization of Japanese society
The high status of the samurai
The centralization of political athority
The power and prestige of the shogun
Which of the following reflects how Japanese society was changing during the Tokugawa era?
The maintenance of a residence in Edo by daimyo
The participation of samurai in commerce
The autonomy enjoyed by daimyo over their domains
The creation of a national army loyal to the shogun
How did the leadership that emerged after the Meiji restoration in Japan respond to the threat of Western imperialism?
They fought a war against the United States.
The used Western models to transform Japan.
They initiated reforms based on Confucian principles.
They looked to China for men of good moral character to lead Japan.
In what way was Japan in a better position than China or the Ottoman Empire in its encounter with Western imperialism?
Japan's strategic location enabled it to outmaneuver Western military forces.
Japan was of less interest to the Western powers.
Japan's vast resources and wealth better equipped it to resist foreign aggression.
Japan's samurai effectively repelled the Western powers.
Which of the following events established Japan as an economic, political, and military competitor in Asia?
The Meiji restoration
The Taiping Uprising
The self-strengthening movement
The Russo-Japanese War
What aspect of the painting of Japanese women in Visual Source 19.2 reflects Japanese culture?
The scenery in the background
The hats worn by the women
The bustle on the women's dresses
The boy dressed in military uniform
In his 1898 memorial to the Chinese emperor, where does Kang Youwei suggest China look for models for its own reforms?
The United States
Which of the following reflects a policy proposed during the Hundred Days of Reform in 1898?
" . . . to create a constitutional democratic political system . . . "
" . . . an independent branch expressly responsible for civil service examinations."
"For the court to use poetry, rhyme-prose, and fine script as the criteria for passing or failing the examinations for men of ability . . . "
" . . . we must establish elementary and high schools, colleges and universities, in accordance with those of foreign countries . . . "
Which of the following statements reflects the Chinese female revolutionary Qiu Jin's argument for a greater role for women in public life?
"It seems clear now that it was we women who abandoned our responsibilities to ourselves and felt content to let men do everything for us."
"When Heaven created people it never intended such injustice because if the world is without women, how can men be born?"
"Some men go as far as killing baby girls while most hold the opinion that 'girls are eventually someone else's property' and treat them with coldness and disdain."
"You must know that when a country is near destruction, women cannot relay on the men anymore because they aren't even able to protect themselves."
What does the Chinese revolutionary leader Sun Yat-sen identify as the "root of nationalism" for China?
Ethnic identity as Han Chinese
The Confucian tradition
Shared political ideals
Chinese ancestral institutions
The Chinese revolutionary leader Sun Yat-sen urged fellow Chinese that "we must try to improve the economic structures of society so as to preclude a social revolution in the future." How did he propose to do this?
Through class struggle
Through a radical redistribution of land
Through foreign aid
Through the process of land valuation
The "black ships" depicted in Visual Source 19.1 represent which country?
The United States
The cartoon drawn by Kobayashi Kiyochika in Visual Source 19.3 invokes which of the following to make its point?
The Shinto cult centered on the emperor
Karl Marx's notion of class struggle
The Confucian reverence for ancestral institutions
Charles Darwin's theory of evolution
In the image in Visual Source 19.4, the bearded man hovering at the top with his hands in the noose represents which country?
The United States
Which of the visual sources is critical of the indiscriminate acceptance of Western culture?
The depiction of black ships
The woodblock print of Japanese women in a garden
The cartoon by Kobayashi Kiyochika
The image of Japan, China, and Russia
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