Watch the video below, listen actively, and answer the questions that follow. Probably the best way to do this is to read first question, start watching, pause once you encounter the information you need to respond to the question, then read next question before pressing play again.
Period you have History...
Crash Course: Christianity from Judaism to Constantine
If you want a text transcript of the video to read along, click here:
[1:00-2:00] What belief is common to all three Abrahamic religions (Judaism, Christianity, Islam)?
Belief that God does not take a corporeal (physical material) form
Belief in Polytheism
Belief that Jesus is God's son
Belief in Monotheism
[2:00-3:00] One important part of the covenant or "deal" God made with Abraham is that Abraham and all his descendants would have to
grow their beards to fist length or longer
pray five times a day
[2:45-3:00] How is the Abrahamic God (called "Yahweh" in the Jewish tradition) different from Greek and Roman gods?
[3:15-3:30] What is the role of Prophets in the Abrahamic (Jewish, Christian, Islamic) tradition?
[3:30-4:00] At the time of Jesus' birth, the province of Judaea where he was born and where most Jews lived was under the control of the
Note about the History and Hellenization of the Jews
Hello there! So John says that the two Jewish Kings named Herod were "Hellenizers", and that they brought Greek culture to the Jews. While they may have supported Hellenization, it would be incorrect to give them the credit for the whole process. Let's take a quick look back to who was in charge before the Romans came to the neighborhood. Ok so way back we talked about the Israelites having a kingdom or two, called Israel and Judah. You might remember that one got conquered by the Assyrians and the other by the Neo-Babylonians, the latter of whom destroyed the Holy Temple of Jerusalem. I know, mad long ago, but stay with me. Then the Persians came in were nice to the Jews under Cyrus the Great of Persia, and the Jews were like "Yay Cyrus is Great! Let's mention him in the Hebrew Bible!" Remember that? Ok good. But then guess who conquered the Achaemenid Persian Empire? Yeah, duh, Alexander the Great! And that brought it Greek (aka Hellenistic) culture. But he, like, well, died, and his Empire split. Sooooooo the land now called Judea came under the Seleucid Empire, the successor state of Alexander's Empire. That brought in Hellenization of the culture, which some Jews accepted, even going so far as to worship Greek gods, while other Jews opposed the changes and called for sticking to tradition. Then the Seleucid King went OD and outlawed Jewish religion and demanded they worship and sacrifice to the Greek gods, going so far as to invade Jerusalem, kill thousands, put up an altar to ZEUS in the Jewish Temple, and sacrifice PIGS to him, an animal forbidden and unclean in Judaism. So the Traditional Religious Jews had a revolt in 166 BCE and they amazingly kicked out the more powerful Seleucids and restored the Second Holy Temple to the worship of the Abrahamic God alone. This big victory, and the rededication of the Jewish Temple to God, is the basis of the celebration of Hanukkah! The Jews then set up their own small kingdom for like a century, but then they wound up getting absorbed by the expanding Roman Empire, who turned the Jewish Kings into puppets of Rome. So that's how we got to this point... Get it?
[Based on the text above] Which is the correct chronological order of groups who ruled over the Jews?
Jews --> Persians --> Seleucids --> Neo-Babylonains --> Romans
Jews --> Neo-Babylonains --> Persians --> Seleucids --> Jews --> Romans
Persians --> Seleucids --> Romans
Jews --> Assyrians --> Persians --> Ptolemies --> Jews --> Romans
[4:30-5:30] According to John, WHAT were some of the main things Jesus taught in his message, and WHY was his message seen as being so controversial?
[4:30-5:30] In a famous quote from the Bible attributed to Jesus, he says that it would be easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle (the little hole where the thread goes through) than for WHAT KIND OF MAN to enter heaven?
[5:00-5:30] TRUE OR FALSE: "Jesus was killed by the Jews."
[7:45-8:15] All of the following statements about the Jewish Revolt against the Romans (66-73 CE) are true EXCEPT
The Jews kicked the Romans out and reclaimed their homeland
The Romans destroyed the Holy Jewish Temple
The Romans invaded the city of Jerusalem
The Jews were expelled from Judea and went into diaspora, meaning they were dispersed or spread out throughout the world
[8:00-9:00] In the beginning of the Jesus Movement, all the followers of Jesus were Jewish. WHICH PERSON was most responsible for separating the early Jesus Movement from Judaism, after which point it evolved into the new, separate religion of Christianity?
James, the Brother of Jesus
Jesus of Nazareth
Saul of Tarsus aka St Paul
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