Learning Disabilities Checklist
The LD Checklist is based on the work of Larry B. Silver: Guide to Learning Disabilities...(2010), & The Misunderstood Child (1992, 2006).
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Parent, family member, or friend completing for a child.
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Completing for another adult.
Provide your relationship to the subject, and important details:
Age of subject:
Current school status, city or town, state or province, country:
(1) Visual Perception (Optometrist, Neurologist, Ed Psychologist, Orton-Gillingham Specialist, Occupational Therapist)
(2) Auditory Perception (Audiologist, Speech-Language Pathologist, M.D.-Ears, Nose, Throat Specialist)
(3) Sensory Integration [Sequencing, Abstraction, & Organization] (Occupational Therapist, Ed Psychologist, Neurologist, Orton-Gillingham Specialist, Special Educator, Language Therapist)
1. Visual Perception and Processing Difficulties:[Dyslexia, Dyscalculia, Dysgraphia, Sensory Integration]
Difficulty organizing the position and shape of visual information (text, pictures, image details).
Rotations or reversals, visual discrimination difficulty. Examples: u=n, b=d, p=g, 7=L, E=3, 6=9, 2=5, 1=l.
Difficulty focusing on a figure with a background, finding objects, locating target words, items, etc.
Reading difficulty: skips words, loses place, rereads, skips lines, misreads words, mixes up numbers.
Difficulty judging distance and depth (appears clumsy).
Disoriented about position in space, poor sense of direction.
Reading in a moving car makes me feel seasick.
Reading makes me feel: dizzy, nauseous, disoriented, seasick, headaches, eyes hurt, tired, or stressed.
2. Auditory Perception and Processing Difficulties: [Auditory Processing Disorder, Dyslexia]
Difficulty detecting subtle differences in speech sounds: Ex. mat=bat=fat, charm=farm.
Mixes up similarly sounding words: How are you? Nine, 53=five threes, 40=4 trees, etc.
Difficulty focusing on sounds with background noise.
Seems not to listen or pay attention.
3. Sensory Integration Difficulties:
Tactile Defensive: confuses light touch with pressure, is agitated by touch, dislikes physical contact.
Dislikes being touched, held, snuggled.
Finds clothes uncomfortable, bothered by tags, seams, socks, textures.
Touch Deprivation: craves physical contact (not caused by neglect).
Annoys others by touching them.
Proprioception Deprivation: repeated stomping, banging, or bumping behavior.
Vestibular perception: frequent spinning behavior.
Difficulty maintaining balance, posture, or muscle tone.
Difficulty with coordination needed for tying shoes, buttoning, running, jumping, or climbing.
Extra sensitive sense of taste or smell.
(4) Sequencing Difficulties: (Ed Psychologist, Neurologist, Orton-Gillingham Specialist, Special Educator)
(5) Abstraction Difficulties: (Ed Psychologist, Neurologist, Orton-Gillingham Specialist, Language Therapist, Special Educator)
(6) Organization Difficulties: (Occupational Therapist)
4. Sequencing Difficulties: [Dyslexia, Dysgraphia, Dyscalculia]
Recalls events in the wrong order when reading, listening, recalling, or watching.
Recalls numbers in wrong sequence.
Mixes up math operations (+, -, division, x).
Mixes up letters when copying.
Mixes up numbers when copying.
Cannot apply known sequences on demand.
Must recite ABCs to alphabetize or use the dictionary.
Cannot remember the rules for games.
Cannot or name in order the holidays, seasons, days of week, months, etc.
Cannot count as expected, or loses track when counting, or uses fingers to count or calculate.
Cannot remember physical layouts, like how to set the table, etc.
Does not dress or perform chores in the best sequence or order.
5. Abstraction Difficulties: [Dyslexia, Dyscalculia]
Unable to make generalizations.
Takes things literally.
Misunderstands jokes, puns, and idioms.
Does not apply known math processes to solve story problems.
Does not apply known patterns to language arts tasks.
Does not automatically relate new facts to known facts.
Can recall details but not the main idea.
Does not associate a fixed quantity to digits. (Poor number sense.)
Does not recognize or readily identify patterns (ex. dot arrays on dice) as representing quantity.
6. Organization Difficulties: [Dyslexia, Dysgraphia, Dyscalculia, ADD]
Messy: notebooks, locker, bedroom, house, etc.
Unable to plan ahead, and organize time.
Assignments and books, or important items often left behind.
Frequently loses coats, keys, cards, books, assignments, glasses, and important items.
Speech is fine, but writing is disorderly.
(7) Short-Term Memory Difficulties: (Neurologist, Ed Psychologist, LD Specialist)
(8) Working Memory Difficulties: (Neurologist, Ed Psychologist, LD Specialist)
(9) Long-Term Memory Difficulties: (M.D., Neurologist, Ed Psychologist, LD Specialist)
LTMD can be temporary or permanent, and can be caused by injury, disease, body chemistry, etc.
7. Short-Term Memory Difficulties:
Inconsistent auditory memory.
Inconsistent visual memory.
Poor memory of physical sequences: dance steps, exercises, writing, sports, tying, etc.
Lots of repetition is required in order to learn or remember.
Disrupted flow of ideas in speech.
Disrupted flow of ideas in writing.
8. Working-Memory Difficulties:
Insufficient mental capacity for auditory information in order to perceive and process effectively.
Insufficient mental capacity for visual information in order to perceive and process effectively.
Insufficient mental capacity for quantitative information in order to perceive and process effectively.
Insufficient mental capacity for sensory-motor information in order to perceive and process effectively.
Insufficient mental capacity for visual-spatial information in order to perceive and process effectively.
9. Long-Term Memory Difficulties:
Abnormal degree of forgetfulness.
Abnormal inability to recall past events or known facts.
Inability to recall recent events.
Inability to recall familiar events from the distant past.
Sudden onset memory loss.
Gradual onset memory loss.
(10) Language Difficulties (Audiologist, Speech-Language Pathologist)
(11) Motor Difficulties (Neurologist, Occupational Therapist, Physical Therapist, Educational Therapist)
10. Language Difficulties:
Difficulty producing speech on demand.
Difficulty with written expression (writing, spelling, words, sentences, paragraphs, essays).
11. Motor Difficulties:
Gross motor difficulties.
Fine motor difficulties.
Dysgraphia: poor, cramped, illegible handwriting.
Difficulty with penmanship (formation of letters, numbers, words).
Unable to express thoughts in writing.
Difficulty coloring neatly.
Difficulty copying, drawing shapes, letters and simple figures.
Poor visual-spatial awareness and positioning, disordered writing, or difficulty writing on the lines.
Add important information about subject's health history, diagnoses, interventions, etc.
Upon submission, you will receive an email of your LD checklist, which also contains a PDF of the checklist attached.
Use it to seek help from a properly qualified specialist.
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