TOXI-Triage survey of end user requirements
TOXI-Triage is a four-year European Union funded project bringing together nineteen expert teams drawn from seven European member states, led by Loughborough University. The project consortium includes emergency and health services, defence, a range of industrial partners, and seven universities. Expertise is gathered from a wide range of disciplines including chemistry, crisis and conflict communication, information management and large scale networks and systems, medicine and healthcare ergonomics, security and intelligence studies, and urban search and rescue.

The project will examine civilian preparedness for a CBRN event to determine how it can be strengthened and distributed in support of routine clinical treatment of poisoning. It will also test whether effective and diagnostically sound medical care can be given to the casualties of a CBRN event amid the confusion, disorder, and dangers of CBRN agents.

The main goal for TOXI-Triage is to develop and field/trial a new level of medical care and site management during triage within rescue efforts in a CBRN incident. The approach defines a concept of operations that envisages accelerated delivery of situational awareness through an ensemble of embedded sensors, drones, standoff detectors (including cameras), artificial intelligence for processing sensor signals and web-traffic from social media, and centralised command and control. Wireless traceability of casualties provides dynamic mapping including medical care.

Survey of CBRN end-user requirements

This survey aims to explore end users' operational requirements in CBRN incidents. Please note that the data are UNCLASSIFIED.

We will use the answers to develop appropriate field exercise scenarios for testing the new technologies developed in the TOXI-Triage project and to understand, inform and evaluate the technologies' functional requirements in order to ensure they address end-users’ needs.

This questionnaire will take approximately 15 minutes to complete.

1. Please confirm that you are happy for the data collected in this survey to be shared with the TOXI-Triage partners.
2. Demographic Information
2. Which service (agency) are you responding for? (Please select only one)
Your answer
3. What level do you operate at? (Please select only one)
Your answer
4. What level are you engaged at? (Please select only one)
Your answer
5. Which member state are you responding for? (Please select only one)
Other
Your answer
3. Operational Information
6. Rate the following CBRN events according to how LIKELY it is to happen using the scale 1= low likelihood, 5= high likelihood
1
2
3
4
5
Industrial accident
Deliberate chemical agent release
Deliberate biological agent release
Deliberate radiological agent release
Deliberate nuclear agent release
7. Rate the following CBRN events according to how PREPARED you feel to respond to the incident if it were to occur using the scale 1= not at all prepared 5= very prepared
1
2
3
4
5
Industrial accident
Deliberate chemical agent release
Deliberate biological agent release
Deliberate radiological agent release
Deliberate nuclear agent release
8. Rate the following CBRN events according to their CONSEQUENCES using the scale 1= not severe 5=very severe
1
2
3
4
5
Industrial accident
Deliberate chemical agent release
Deliberate biological agent release
Deliberate radiological agent release
Deliberate nuclear agent release
4. Technology Needs
9. When responding to an incident, which area would most benefit from development in technology? (Choose only 1)
10. Please rate the following needs in terms of CBRN incidents 1= not necessary 5=very necessary
1
2
3
4
5
Increased CBRN awareness for responders
Increased use of stand-off detection
Shortened time of detection and identification of potential contaminants
Improved detection, identification and monitoring technologies
Improved communication among responders in your agency
Improved communication between responder agencies
Improved CBRN training for first responders
Improved capability to provide life saving treatment within the inner cordon before decontamination
Improved CBRN diagnostic tools for casualties on-scene
Improved casualty management
Improved traceability of casualties rescued from the scence
Improved traceability of casualties' property
Improved traceability of the walking wounded
Improved decontamination procedures
Improved decontamination technology
Improved clinical triage technologies
Improved personal protective equipment
Improved social media information extraction during the response (special algorithms for collecting and evaluating information from the public on-scene)
5. Advanced Technology
11. In TOXI-Triage we are developing a non-invasive method, based on breath analysis, for diagnosis and follow-up monitoring in case of CBRN exposure. How aware are you of the existence and development of this type of technology within or outside of the project?
12. How experienced are you with the use of breath analysis technology?
13. This technology can identify contaminate agents within 30 minutes using casualties' breath samples. Would this technology be useful?
Comments (optional)
Your answer
14. In TOXI-Triage we are developing stand-off technologies used for CBRN detection, identification and monitoring (DIM) mounted on unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs - also known as drones). How aware are you of the existence and development of DIM equipment as payloads on UAVs within or outside of the project?
15. How experienced are you with the use of UAV mounted DIM technologies?
16. This technology can sample air in the Warm and Hot Zones without a human having to enter. Would this technology be useful?
Comments (optional)
Your answer
17. In TOXI-Triage we are developing a system which allows casualties, samples, equipment and possessions to be traced using electronic tags. How aware are you of the existence and development of this technology within or outside of the project?
18. How experienced are you with the use of electronic tagging and tracing technologies?
19. This technology can track casualties' whereabouts and store information (such as their clinical triage status) using electronic tags. It can also electronically link tagged possessions and samples to the casualty, and link casualties' tags to one another allowing relationships between these tags to be shown. Would this technology be useful?
Comments (optional)
Your answer
20. In TOXI-Triage we are developing an Integrated Information System which allows information from multiple sources (such as many different DIM devices) to be displayed in the same interface. How aware are you of the existence and development of this type of technology within or outside of the project?
21. How experienced are you with the use of integrated information system technologies?
22. This technology allows a single interface to be used to display information from multiple other systems. Would this technology be useful?
Comments (optional)
Your answer
23. In TOXI-Triage we are developing situation awareness in a CBRN event through social media mining (information extraction during the response). How aware are you of the existence and development of this type of technology within or outside of the project?
24. How experienced are you with the use of social media mining technologies?
25. This technology can assist in filtering , in real time, through social media posts relating to an incident so only those which meet a criteria you have deemed as important are displayed. Would this technology be useful?
Comments (optional)
Your answer
6. Further participation
26. If you would like to discuss the survey (and project) in more detail or respond using a different method (e.g. meeting, telephone etc.) please leave your contact information
Contact details
Your answer
27. Any further insights or general comments? Please share them here
Your answer
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