“Bullying” is the systematic and chronic inflicting of physical hurt or psychological distress on another person. The Code of Virginia at §221.267.01 defines bullying as any aggressive and unwanted behavior that is intended to harm, intimidate, or humiliate the victim; involves a real or perceived power imbalance between the aggressor or aggressors and victim; and is repeated over time or causes severe emotional trauma. “Bullying” includes cyber bullying. “Bullying” does not include ordinary teasing, argument, or peer conflict.
“Harassment” is any behavior that is disturbing and threatening. Sexual harassment is a type of harassment that is sexual in nature; unwelcome and denies or limits a student’s ability to participate in or benefit from a school’s education program. Sexual harassment can be carried out by school employees, other students, and third parties/non-employees. Both male and female students can be victims of sexual harassment, and the harasser and the victim can be of the same sex.