South America is the fourth largest continent in size and the fifth largest when we consider population. The South American continent houses 12 countries and three dependencies. The continent is located in the western hemisphere and mainly in the southern hemisphere.
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Spanish is the main language in South American countries, only in Brazil people speak Portuguese and in Surinam, formerly a Dutch colony, the official language is still Dutch. Many people speak also English as a second language. Quechua, the language spoken by the Inca, is the most common indigenous language. What is language is spoken in Surinam?
The Incas were the largest group of indigenous people in South America when the Europeans arrived. The Incan Empire lasted from 1438 until 1533. Indigenous cultures still are present in South America but the numbers are diminishing. There are still Arawaks and Caribs in Venezuela as well as Guarani in Brazil. What was the largest indigenous group of people when the Europeans arrived?
The most populous city in South America is Sao Paulo. Almost half of the population of the South American continent lives in Brazil. Where does the majority of South Americans live?
The southernmost city in the world is on the South American continent! The city is called Ushuaia, is located on the Argentinian part of the Tierra del Fuego and more than 55,000 people live there. What country has the Southernmost city in the world?
Evidence of human life in South America dates back to 9000 BC. One of the earliest South American civilizations is recorded in Peru. South America was colonized from the late 15th century by foreign conquistadors mainly from Spain and Portugal, but also from the Dutch, British and French. What country has the earliest civilization in South America?
While South America's rain forests also are some of the wettest places on the earth, the Atacama desert in Chile is considered the driest place on earth. Which desert is the driest place in the world?
Several of South America's superlatives are Angel Falls, the world's highest waterfalls; Amazon River Basin which is the world's largest river basin; the Andes which are the world's longest mountain range. What is the largest river basin in the world?
Rio de la Plata
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