ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS / READING
• Course Overview: This Grade 1 Language Arts/Reading course uses grade-appropriate books, stories, and poems to teach letter recognition and to support standards for reading literature and informational text.
• Unit 1 – Phonemic Awareness and Consonant Sounds This unit introduces the alphabet, including the vowel A and the consonants B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, R, S, T, V, W, and Z. It further discusses tracking letter sounds, sight words, reading simple words, reading books, the consonant teams Wh, Ch, Th, and Sh, and applying letter sounds, and includes practice listening to and comprehending stories read aloud.
• Unit 2 – Sentences and Spelling Words This unit discusses capital letters, spelling with short A, the letters X and Qu, consonant tracking with train cars, using a keyboard to type words, sentences, vocabulary, correct word order, finding, writing, and finishing statements, and using correct word order to share ideas. It also includes practice listening to and comprehending stories read aloud.
• Unit 3 – Sentences and Short Vowels This unit covers the importance of vowels, initial and medial short vowel sounds, spelling with short I, finding and writing questions and exclamations, sentence order, choosing punctuation, and practice listening to and comprehending stories read aloud.
• Unit 4 – Personal Narrative and Reading Long Vowels This unit discusses personal narrative, including writing ideas, revising, listening, and presentation. Also covered are vocabulary words, as well as spelling with short O, vowel plus E sounds, vowel plus E word blending, adding E to the end in reading, and spelling sight words by typing.
• Unit 5 – Different Genres and Reading Vowel Teams This unit discusses reading vowel teams, including discovery, vowel team sounds, slider vowel sounds, spelling with short E, the "two vowels go walking" rule in reading, vowel tracking with train cars, applying vowel teams, vowel plus R (crazy R's), and vowel plus R word blending. Also covered are features of non-fiction text, using illustration to find details, distinguishing between information sources, comparing genres, and connecting ideas.
• Unit 6 – Consonant Blends and Basic Expectancies This unit discusses spelling with short vowels, reading and spelling the letters C and G, rhyming, tracking, and spelling words that end with mp and nt, reading letters on squares, and practicing expectancies.
• Unit 7 – Consonant Blends and Nouns This unit discusses nouns, including noun discovery, people nouns, days of the week, months of the year, capitalizing special words, plural nouns with s and with es, irregular plural nouns, and applying nouns. Also covered are vocabulary, tracking and spelling words with dr, gr, and tr, reading and spelling plurals, and practice listening to and comprehending stories read aloud.
• Unit 8 – Plural Nouns and Book Reports This unit discusses vocabulary words, possessive nouns, abbreviations, spelling plural nouns by adding S, diagrams, comparing and contrasting characters, details in writing, and techniques for writing a book report, including gathering ideas, organizing ideas, and collaborating with peers.
• Unit 9 – Consonant Teams and Action Verbs This unit covers verbs, including present, past, and future tense verbs, using was, were, is, and are, and comparing and applying verbs. Also discussed are vocabulary words, sorting and spelling words with cl, fl, sl, and st. The unit also provides practice listening to and comprehending stories read aloud.
• Unit 10 – Explanatory Writing and Reading Syllables This unit discusses reading syllables, counting syllables, open and closed syllables, and applying what we have learned about syllables. Also covered are vocabulary words, charts, logical order and sequence, and reading and spelling words with double consonants, as well as the steps for explanatory writing including revising, speaking, listening to, and presenting.
• Unit 11 – Consonant Teams and Non-Fiction This unit discusses discovering non-fiction, reading biographies, news articles, lists, and charts, sorting and spelling words with Sh, Ch, Wh, and Th, punctuating letters, and finding authors' intent.
• Unit 12 – Long Vowels and Non-Fiction This unit discusses book titles, spelling by adding E to the end, spelling words with long A and long I, and vocabulary words. Also covered are finding facts, telling the details, paragraphs, answering questions, and applying what we have learned about non-fiction.
• Unit 13 – Long Vowels and Syllables This unit discusses discovering and applying word endings, sorting and spelling words with long O, finding and spelling words with long E, vocabulary words, reading and spelling with syllable cards, and practice listening to and comprehending stories read aloud.
• Unit 14 – Long and Short Vowels and Adjectives This unit discusses description including discovering description; adjectives; words that describe weather, color, feelings, and numbers; sorting and comparing adjectives; and applying what we have learned about description. Also included are vocabulary words and how to appreciate poetry.
• Unit 15 – Comparing Adjectives and Long A Spelling This unit discusses the "two vowels go walking" rule and spelling words with long A teams, as well as how to use a dictionary, synonyms, similar adjectives, using conjunctions, showing relationships with conjunctions, vocabulary words, reading in context with focus on paragraphs, and categorizing and classifying.
• Unit 16 – Pronouns and Sentence Parts This unit covers pronouns, including discovering pronouns, using he, she, it, they, I, me, we, and us, and applying what we have learned about pronouns. Also discussed are subjects, predicates, compound subjects and predicates, sorting and spelling words with long E teams, words that rhyme with the long I sound but are spelled with Y, how "long I spelled with Y" words are spelled, and vocabulary words.
• Unit 17 – Research and Reporting This unit discusses expository writing, including discovering expository writing, main and supporting ideas, research, organizing ideas, presentation skills, and making your presentation. Also covered are using commas, using text features, homonyms, vocabulary, time order words, and sorting and spelling words with long O sounds.
• Unit 18 – Word Parts and Verb Tenses This unit covers finding root words, understanding prefixes and suffixes, making and spelling compound words, finding meaning with context clues, vocabulary words, using the right words, using prepositions, spelling words by adding ED and words with ING endings, and improving sentences.
• Course Overview: Grade 1 Math course focuses on addition, subtraction through the number 20, whole number relationships and place value, linear measurement, measuring lengths, and geometric shapes.
• Unit 1 - Numbers to 20 In this unit student learn about equal groups and number words to 20. They also explore counting objects and ordinal numbers.
• Unit 2 - Addition In this unit students discuss addition stories, the equal sign, and addition sentences. They learn the order property for addition, how to use addition to make numbers, and how to count on. They use a number line to count on, learn about adding zero and about near doubles and doubles, and learn about vertical addition sentences. They learn about real-life uses for addition, and they are introduced to math tiles.
• Unit 3 - Subtraction In this unit students are introduced to subtraction. They learn subtraction stories, sums of 2, subtraction sentences, and sums of 3. They learn to use a number line to count back, practice sums of 3 and counting back, and learn a new math drill stategy. They further practice sums of 2 and learn about subtracting zero. They learn about sums of 4, subtracting all, ways to take apart numbers, and subtracting by making a ten. They practice sums of 2 and of 3, and learn about vertical subtraction sentences.
• Unit 4 - Addition and Subtraction In this unit, students learn how to think about addition in order to subtract. They learn how to know when to add or to subtract, and how addition and subtraction are related. They learn related addition facts and related subtraction facts, and they learn to write addition sentences and subtraction sentences. In addition, they practice sums of 3, 4, 5, and 6.
• Unit 5 - Comparing In this unit students investigate comparing. They learn to compare amounts, and learn about greater than and less than, including their symbols. They learn to compare numbers using symbols, and practice sums of 4, 5, 6, and 7.
• Unit 6 - Sorting, Classifying, and Using Graphs In this unit students learn about sorting and classifying. They learn to make graphs. They learn about picture graphs, tally graphs, and bar graphs, and experience a real-world example of using a graph. In addition, they practice sums of 6, 7, 8, and 9. After this unit students are presented with the Mid-term Exam.
• Unit 7 - Length and Capacity In this unit students are introduced to length and learn to measure something in non-standard units. They learn what inches and centimeters are and what length is. Next they are introduced to estimation and learn to estimate capacity and length. They learn the advantages of estimation versus perfect measurement, and practice sums of 4, 8, 9, and 10.
• Unit 8 - Geometry In this unit, students are introduced to shapes. They learn to identify plane figures, they explore solid figures, they make new shapes, and they learn about equal and unequal parts. They learn about halves and fourths, and explore fractions. They practice sums of 5, 9, and 10.
• Unit 9 - Patterns and Time In this unit, students learn to identify patterns, including pictorial patterns and number patterns. They also learn to extend and create patterns. Next, students learn about telling time. They learn what an analog clock is, and what a digital clock is. They study what a half hour is, and practice reading time. They also practice sums of 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, and 9.
• Unit 10 - Spatial Sense and Maps In this unit students are introduced to spatial sense. They learn position words, as well as how to follow directions on a map and how to find distance on a map.
• Unit 11 - More Addition In this unit students learn to add by making a ten. They review thinking about addition to subtract, and near doubles and doubles. They learn to add three numbers, they practice story problems, and they learn to count over 100. They also practice sums of 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 10.
• Unit 12 - Place Value and Mental Math In this unit students discuss place value in the numbers 10 through 20. They learn about groups of ten, and learn to skip count by tens. They learn about tens and ones in place value, and learn to add tens using mental math. They also learn about adding tens and ones, adding two-digit numbers, and subtracting tens with mental math. In addition, they practice sums of 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10. After this unit students are presented with the final exam.
• Course Overview: The Grade 1 Science course looks at different habitats and the animals that live in them, how animals' needs are met, how animals change, and how they differ from each other. The course also investigates weather and the natural resources of the earth. It explores why and how things move and make sound, and introduces energy and technology. Course topics include: Habitat Life Cycles Earth's Resources Weather and the Sky Matter Sounds and Movements Energy and Technology
• Unit 1 – Habitat This unit discusses skills needed for science, the concept of living and non-living things, and the needs of plants. It explores forests, wetlands, oceans, and deserts as habitats, and introduces how some plants need saltwater, how animals and plants – such as desert plants – have adapted to their habitat.
• Unit 2 – Life Cycles This unit discusses concepts of life science, exploring life cycles, parts, protection, and adaptation of plants and animals. Also covered are the concept of the food chain, classification of animals, and how living things change as they grow.
• Unit 3 – Earth's Resources This unit discusses different kinds of land and water, as well as soil, rock, and other resources. It also explores reducing, reusing, and recycling, and introduces fossils.
• Unit 4 – Weather and the Sky This unit discusses rain, snow, wind, and temperature, as well as the seasons. Also covered is the rotation of the earth, causing us to have daytime and nighttime, as well as what we see in the sky during night and day. Further discussion topics include the moon and the planets.
• Unit 5 – Matter This unit discusses concepts of matter, including state, mass, height, weight, and how matter can change, allowing such activities as glass blowing.
• Unit 6 – Sounds and Movements This unit discusses movement, magnetism, sound, and speed.
• Unit 7 – Energy and Technology This unit discusses energy, heat, fuel, electricity, batteries, light, and shadow. It also discusses technology used for farms, construction, and communication, as well as simple machines, and tools for the home.
HISTORY / SOCIAL STUDIES
• Course Overview: The Grade 1 Social Studies course investigates social groups and interactions in school, community, and work, and begins to explore aspects of our environment such as weather, along with innovations that affect our lives and people who have shaped our nation featuring the teaching technique of Children Teaching Children
• Unit 1 – School This unit discusses school, groups, families in the past, things we do at home and things we do at home, calendars, rules, and comparing things we use. Also included are biographies of Carl Stotz, Ruby Bridges Hall, and Mary McLeod Bethune.
• Unit 2 – Communities This unit discusses maps, directions, neighborhoods, communities, celebrations, community laws and leaders, and our world. Also included are biographies of Harriet Tubman, Jane Adams, and Henry Flagler.
• Unit 3 – Work This unit discusses work and jobs, using charts, needs and wants, saving and spending, workers and volunteers, interviews, routes, and moving from place to place. Also included are biographies of Clara Barton and George Washington Carver.
• Unit 4 – Our Earth This unit discusses weather, seasons, land and water, our resources, farming now and in the past, and endangered animals. Also included are biographies of Elvia Niebla and Sacagawea, and the legend of Johnny Appleseed.
• Unit 5 – Our Country This unit discusses Native Americans, early explorers, how the American Colonies became free, national symbols, holidays that celebrate our country, and how we choose our country's leaders. Also included are biographies of Benjamin Franklin, George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, and Eleanor Roosevelt.
• Unit 6 – Our Country, Our World This unit covers what a market is, how things have changed over time, inventors and inventions, how travel has changed, and people and food around the world. Also included are biographies of Neil Armstrong and Laurence Yep, and the folktale, The Girl and the Milk Pail.
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