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Young children whose parents read aloud to them have better language andliteracy skills when they go to school, according to a review published in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.
Children who have been read aloud to are also more likely to develop a love of reading, which is more important than language and literacy. And the advantages they gain continue, compared with the children who start out as poor readers in their first year of school and likely to remain so.
In addition, describing pictures in the book, explaining the meaning of the story and encouraging the child to talk about what was read to them and to ask questions can improve their understanding of the world and their social skills.
The authors of the review explain that the style of reading has more impact on children's early language and literacy development than the frequency of reading aloud. Middle class parents tend to use a more interactive style, making connections to the child's own experience or real world, explaining new words and the motivations of the characters, while working class parents tend to focus more on labelling and describing pictures. These differences in reading styles can impact on children's development of language and literacy- related skills.