Quiz: Core Standards and Principles in Juvenile Justice
Which of these statements about Juvenile Justice is inaccurate?
a) Juvenile justice is a system that emphasises the well-being of the child.
b) The main purpose of juvenile justice is to ensure that children are not punished even if they have committed a criminal offence.
c) Juvenile justice requires the justice system to respond proportionally to child offenders and their offences.
d) Juvenile justice should aim to reintegrate the child into society.
Why are there EU laws on the rights of children who are suspects or accused persons in criminal proceedings? (Tick all that apply)
a) These laws help to make the EU’s mutual recognition mechanisms like the EAW function more effectively.
b) Despite the existence of various international and regional human rights instruments, the rights of child suspects and accused persons are not adequately protected in the EU.
c) The European Court of Human Rights’ case-law on children’s rights is scattered, and not easily enforced.
Which of these statements about EU laws on child suspects and accused persons is incorrect?
a) The Children Directive builds on principles found in the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
b) The Children Directive establishes common minimum standards across the EU that relate to the rights of child suspects and accused persons.
c) Member States are permitted to lower their human rights protections for child suspects and accused persons, in order to bring them in line with the provisions of the Children Directive.
d) Other EU Directives on defendants’ rights (the ‘Roadmap’ Directives) also apply to children.
Which of these statements about the scope of the Children Directive is correct?
a) Member States are permitted to try 16 and 17 year olds as adults, without procedural safeguards for children, if under domestic law, 16 is the age at which an individual becomes an adult.
b) If a suspect or accused person was 17 at the time of arrest and subsequently turns 18 during the trial, the Children Directive no longer applies.
c) If there is uncertainty about the age of the suspect or the accused person, the Children Directive, there is an assumption that the individual is a child.
d) The Children Directive applies to all types of offences, no matter how minor.
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