Integrated Skills Program 2
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L3T2J - Learning about a hot topic
In this lesson, we're going to learn and talk about choking.
Task One: Read the text about today's topic. Answer the questions.
Choking can happen when a small object blocks the pipe we use to breathe. It is common, especially in small children. In the USA, about a hundred people a year choke on their pens, so it can happen even when we are not expecting it.
1. How many people in the USA choke on their pens every year?
Children most commonly choke on small objects that they pick up and put in their mouths. Another cause of choking is candy. It is responsible for nineteen per cent of choking cases in children.
2. What percentage of choking cases in children are caused by candy?
But the most common cause of choking in children is from toys. Balloons and small balls are responsible for most of these. Children like to put things in their mouths to feel them better, and then they accidentally breather them in.
3. Which item causes the most cases of choking in children?
For this reason, it's very important to keep small objects where children cannot get them. Small, hard and round food and objects are the worst. So children should be about five years old before they get food like peanuts, which can cause choking.
4. At what age is it safe to give children small, hard and round foods like peanuts?
about 3 years
about 5 years
about 7 years
But adults are also at risk of choking. The most common time for this to happen is when people are eating meals. Small pieces of food can become stuck in the throat, making it difficult for the person to breathe.
5. When do most cases of choking in adults happen?
Dan Logan has a weekly podcast called Hot Topic. In it, he talks about topics of interest.
Task Two: Listen to the introduction to Dan's podcast and complete the sentences below.
1. You shouldn't keep _____ objects on the floor when there are babies in your home.
2. You should move them to a higher place where children cannot _____ them.
3. If someone is choking, their lips may _____ .
turn bright red
move very quickly
4. If you think someone is choking, you should ask them "Are you choking?" If they confirm that they are, stand _____ them.
in front of
5. To help someone who is choking, you can make a fist and put it _____ the person's belly button.
6. You should then pull back sharply until the food or other object _____ .
comes out of the person's mouth
Task Three: Sam is asking Jennifer about the topic. Choose the best answers for Jennifer.
Sam: How many brothers and sisters do you have?
My sister and I often go out together.
We all live at home together.
I have one sister and one brother.
Sam: Are they younger or older than you?
Yes, that's right. How about yours?
My sister is older and my brother is younger.
I think it's better to have older siblings.
Sam: What kind of things can children choke on?
They can choke on toys and candy.
Yes, they're more likely to choke than adults.
They can choke in the home or at school when they're playing.
Sam: When do most cases of adult choking happen?
They happen during mealtimes.
They happen in the home.
They can happen to people of any age.
Sam: How can you keep your home safe for small children?
Me too. My mum showed us how to do it.
Yes, you can. It's very easy to do.
We can keep small things off the floor.
Task Four: Watch the video and answer the questions with your own ideas.
Click the link below to see a pdf of this lesson.
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