ASKET - Pre HRA Transit and Anti-Piracy Quiz
This Quiz is designed for Bridge Officers and Vessel Crew's to test their own knowledge and revise on Best Practices before transiting High Risk Area's with input from various authorities and organisations.
2 points or more are awarded for each correct answer, sometimes there are more than 1 correct response, we do not collect your e mail address or your details unless you wish to leave it.
More information can be found in The Global Counter Piracy Guidance for Companies, Masters and Seafarers (referenced below as Global CPG), the ISPS code and BMP5 - Best Management Practices for Protection against Somalia Based Piracy download these and more free resources at
We would like to thank all those that have provided advice or helped to check and test the quiz.
A word version is available to send to vessels and can be requested by contacting Emma Biggs
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alternatively go to our website for more details
BMP5 - Best Management Practices Version 5 for Protection against Somalia Based Piracy & The Global Counter Piracy Guidance for Companies, Masters and Seafarers (referenced below as Global CPG)
1. How Should You Avoid Being a Victim of Piracy (Global CPG Aide Memoir)? (Tick one 4pts)
Do check CREW - Do not be DETECTED - Do not be SURPRISED - Do not be - Do not be VULNERABLE - Do not be BOARDED - Do not be CONTROLLED
Do TRAIN Crew - Do COMMUNICATE - Do Check Recent ALERTS - Do have a CITADEL - Do have ARMED SECURITY
Do not be ALONE - Do not be DETECTED - Do not be SURPRISED - Do not be VULNERABLE - Do not be BOARDED - Do not be CONTROLLED
Plan a ROUTE - Do LOCK AWAY Ladders and Tools - Do COMMUNICATE - Do Check Recent ALERTS -
2. What are the Five Fundamental Requirements of BMP 5? (Tick one 4pts)
Brief Crew - Prepare Ships Protection Measures - Good Binoculars - Extra Watchkeepers - Plan a route
Communicate - Prepare Fire Hoses - Steam at High Speed - Post Lookouts - Ships Security Plan
Understand the Threat - Conduct a Risk Assessment - Implement Ships Protection Measures - Report - Cooperate
Check Recent Alerts - Plan a Route - Lock Away Ladders and Tools - Communicate - Route Planning
3. According to the the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS), what should be reviewed to counter the piracy threat?
The Ship Security Plan (SSP) to remain exactly the same as the last HRA voyage
The engine capabilities and bunker
Ship Security Assessment (SSA) and the Ships Medical Facilities
Ship Security Assessment (SSA) and implementation of the Ship Security Plan (SSP)
4. According to Global CPG and BMP 5 what should be carried out prior to transiting any High Risk Area by CSO's and Masters?
A check of all life boats and safety equipment
A review of the Cargo Safety and Security
A Company Threat and Risk Assessment
A check of the Crews passports and documents
5. As a ships can be attacked both when underway and stationary which Ships Protection Measures are listed in the Global CPG? (Tick all that apply)
Watch keeping and enhanced vigilance - Enhanced bridge protection
Control of access to bridge, accommodation and machinery spaces - Physical barriers
Turn off Navigation Lights and AIS
Water spray and foam monitors - Alarms - Manoeuvring practice
Closed circuit television - Lighting - Secure Storage of ship’s tools and equipment
Safe muster points and citadels
Armed and Unarmed Security Personnel
6. Who acts as the primary point of contact for merchant vessels and liaison with military forces in the Gulf of Aden/ Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea and it is the primary point of contact during an attack?
7. Who should a ‘Vessel Movement Registration Form’ be submitted to prior to entering the Gulf of Aden High Risk Area?
8. When does BMP 5 recommend that should you register and report to UKMTO? (Tick all correct answers)
When passing 13N
Before entry into the Voluntary Reporting Area
When all is quiet on the Bridge
When Exiting the HRA
UKMTO Watchkeepers Monitoring the High Risk Area
9. What should you monitor on the Bridge in the HRA to get the latest Piracy Information, Warnings and Alerts?
SAT C/ NAVTEX
VHF Channel 60
10. Who Should you Report to in the West Africa Gulf of Guinea VRA (Voluntry Reporting Area)
11. Who Should you Immediately Report an Attack to in South East Asia? (Global CPG)
Nearest Coastal State through its MRCC
12. Which of these would fail an SSO's pre HRA Transit Inspection?
Bridge Reinforced Anti Piracy Door
Engine Room Hatch
Internal Accommodation Door
13. What is the advice in Global CPG on the transmission of AIS in the HRA?
AIS on transmitting Full details
AIS transmitting 'Armed Guards On Board'
AIS on restricted to ship’s identity, position, course, speed, navigational status & safety-related information
14. What are the advice on ships alarms recommended in the Global CPG
5 Long Blasts followed by an Internal Announcement over PA System - VHF to Deck Crew
Fire Alarm - Announcement in the working language of the ship, over the accommodation PA System
No External Alarm (so as not to alert pirates) - Tannoy Announcement - VHF Internal Comms
Alarms are Distinctive - Crew are Familiar - Backed up by an Announcement - Tested and Rehearsed
Double Razor Wire
15. If Embarking Armed Guards what should the Master Check on the embarked Weapons
That the cleaning equipment is in good condition
The weapon sights are a good magnification
The weapons are loaded and ready to use
Weapons Serial Numbers match the Flag State Approval LONO
16. Where can you find the Weapon Serial Number on a standard weapon?
On the barrel
On the Sight
On the Body
On the Magazine
17. Which of the Following is most likely to be classed as a Suspicious Approach & Immediate Threat (Tick all correct answers)
A Single skiff following at the same course and speed as your vessel at a distance of 1000 yds
A single skiff with 4 - 5 POB, equipment covered on deck, closing fast from abeam
Close to the Bab el Mandeb a skiff crossing ahead with 2 POB with weapons
A skiff and whaler ahead, the whaler is loaded with drums, the skiff 5 POB heads in your direction
18. Which of the following vessels is most likely to pose an 'immediate' threat?
Seen in the middle of the IRTC
Seen in the Bab el Mandeb
Seen in the IRTC
Seen in Open Ocean
19. What is this, and what is the average effective range?
Machine Gun (600m/ 656 yds)
AK47 (300m/ 330yds)
Rocket Propelled Grenade (RPG) (200m/220yds)
Sniper Rifle (800m/ 875yds)
20. As a minimum who should receive your SSAS (Ships Security Alert System Alert when in the HRA? (Tick all correct answers)
Vessels on AIS
Vessels in the HRA
Company Security Officer
21. How quickly can a Skiff Travel 100m at 20kts?
22. During an Incident or an Attack who has Overall Command of the Vessel?
The Security Team Leader
The Ships Security Officer
Closest Naval Forces
23. A skiff is approaching from abeam at about 1nm in a threatening manner, you are the OOW which would you do first?
Fire warning shots
Operate fire monitors
Alert the crew (pre-agreed alarm)
Broadcast or Shout a warning
24. If the Skiff presses an attack and approaches to attempt a boarding the Master should order:
Slow or stop the vessel
Small alterations of helm
All personnel on to deck
Large alterations of helm
25. According to the 100 Series Rules for the Use of Force 'All contacts or craft deemed to be suspicious, should, as the circumstances allow, be identified by the Master, the PCASP, Officers or Crew as a ________________ prior to invoking the RUF
a suspicious skiff ahead
a danger to navigation
a skiff following at a constant speed
26. According to the 100 Series Rules for the Use of Force: RULE 100 'In the event of any actual, perceived or threatened attack by third parties the Team Leader (TL) or, in the TL’s absence, other PCASP, shall advise the ________ or (in his absence) the __________ that he intends to invoke these Rules for the Use of Force (Tick all correct answers)
Officer of the Watch
PMSC Giving Visual Warnings
27. What should you do when under attack? (Global CPG) (Tick one 4pts)
Switch off AIS - Take off all Way and stay on the bridge until they are close - Crew to Citadel - Activate Fire Hoses
Increase Speed - Inform MSCHOA, ensure that the SSAS has been activated, and ensure that the AIS is switched off.
Send a MayDay - Activate the SSAS - make Large alterations of course - turn off the Radar and AIS
Increase Speed - Distress Call by VHF - Contact Regional Authority - Confirm the SSAS has been activated - make Small Alterations of Course - Crew to Citadel (ensure that the AIS is switched on)
28. What principles stated in Global CPG serve as a guidelines to seafarers to survive a kidnapping. (Tick all that apply)
Be Positive - Be patient - Keep Mentally Occupied
Initially resist - Cause Confusion
Take photographs as Evidence
Reduce Stress - Remain Calm - Retain Dignity
Keep Track of Time
29. Which comments best describe a citadel? (Tick all correct answers)
A Citadel is a designated pre-planned area purpose built into the ship where, in the event of imminent boarding by pirates, all crew will seek protection.
If Citadels are to be employed, they should be complementary to, rather than a replacement for, all other Ship Protection Measures set out in BMP4.
If you have a Citadel you do not need to worry about razor wire or fire monitors
The whole concept of the Citadel approach is lost if any crew member is left outside before it is secured
30. Which of the following criteria will Naval/Military apply before a boarding to release those in a Citadel can be considered: (Tick all correct answers)
100% of the crew must be secured in the Citadel.
Must have Fire fighting equipment and PPE in the Citadel
The crew of the ship must have self contained, independent, reliable 2-way external communications VHF communications is not sufficient). (sole reliance on VHF communications is not sufficient).
Water and food for 72 hours
The pirates must be on the bridge
It is recommended that a fully equipped Citadel should include fixed Satellite Communications with an external antenna
31. In the event that Naval/Military forces take action on board the ship, all personnel should? (BMP 5)
Shout load and point to the pirates
keep low to the deck and cover their head with both hands, with hands visible.
Try to video or photograph the pirates and forces for court evidence later
Run fast towards the rescuers so they know you are crew
32. According to BMP 5 what should you do after a suspicious approach or attempted attack?
Test the vessels rudder
Send a detailed report of the event to UKMTO and MSCHOA (It is also helpful to provide a copy of the report to the IMB)
Check the cargo
Send an update to all ships on VHF
Thank you, we hope you found the quiz useful, please tell us what best describes your role
Merchant Navy Officer
Merchant Navy Seaman
Merchant marine shore staff
NGO, Shipping Authority
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We wish you all a Safe Voyage
Stay Informed - Stay Safe
For a full list of free resources, advice, guidance or security support (armed and unarmed) please visit:
Indian Ocean Regional Contacts:
UKMTO (United Kingdom Maritime Trade Operations)
Tel: +44 2392 222060
+971 50 552 3215
Tel: +44 (0)1923 958 545
+44 (0)1923 958 700
Fax: +44 (0)1923 958 520
USN Naval Control and Guidance to Shipping
Tel: +973 3905 9583 (24hr duty phone)
Office: +973 1785 1023 (Office)
South East Asia Regional Contacts:
Information Fusion Centre (IFC)
Tel: +65 6594 5728 or +65 9626 8965
Fax: +65 6594 5734
ReCAAP Information Sharing Centre
Tel: +65 6376 3063
Fax: +65 6376 3066
IMB Piracy Reporting Centre (IMB PRC)
Tel: +60 3 2031 0014
Fax: +60 3 2078 5769
West Africa Regional Contacts:
Tel: +33(0)2 98 22 88 88
IMB Piracy Reporting Centre (IMB PRC)
Tel +60 3 2031 0014
Fax +60 3 2078 5769
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