Understanding the Impact of COVID-19 on Women and Peace and Security
Instructions: Thank you for contributing the information about the impact of COVID-19 pandemic in your country. We are creating the COVID-19 – WPS database, to provide an easy-to-use, accessible resource highlighting impact of health crises on women; and on peace and security. The resource will be made open-source and automatically translatable. Our objective is for the database to serve as a resource for civil society advocacy; and as a reference by UN, and government policy makers and practitioners to improve their response to the COVID-19 crisis. We want to recognize all those, who contribute to the database. However, we also value your privacy. Please let us know if you would prefer to remain anonymous. Please keep your responses brief. Answer the questions you have information for – don’t worry if you cannot answer all. For all questions, provide concrete examples, data, evidence, or reference document as much as possible.
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PART 1: Impact of COVID-19 on women and women’s rights and peacebuilding organizations
1. What are the three main impacts of the pandemic on the rights of women and girls in your country? Please provide data and references to support your response
Prompt: Think about the impact on (a) increase or decrease in the number of cases of violence against women and girls; (b) women’s access to basic services, including sexual and reproductive health; (c) women’s income and economic opportunities; (d) women’s participation in decision making. Are these different for women IDPs, refugees and asylum seekers, or other vulnerable groups? How?
2. On a scale of 1-5, to what extent has the pandemic affected your work as a woman peacebuilder/women's rights organization?
Prompt: Think about the impacts on your organization and other women peacebuilders in terms of (a) threats and risks faced; (b) funding for your work; (c) opportunities for advocacy and engagement with key stakeholders; (d) any other impacts.
there has been no impact, work continues as before
there has been extreme impact on our work; most of our work is delayed or impossible
Clear selection
3. Please explain how your work has been affected and how you have adapted to the pandemic
4. What have been the main factors that have affected your work as a women peacebuilder/women's rights organization? (Please select 3 top ones)
PART 2: Impact of COVID-19 on peace and security
1. What is your government’s response to COVID-19?
Prompt: Think about the different measures your government is taken to address the crisis. (a) Have they been effective? (b) Do they take into account the specific needs of women and girls? (c) Have there been any negative consequences for the civil society space, or freedom of speech? (d) Are you concerned about the possibility of abuse of power or over-militarization of the response?
2. On a scale from 1 to 5, what is your assessment of the government's response? Is it gender-sensitive and conflict-sensitive?
The response is completely gender-blind and peace-blind. It does not take into account women's needs and risks aggravating conflicts
The response fully integrates women's needs and is based on an analysis of conflict dynamics
Clear selection
3. Has the government or non-state armed groups announced a ceasefire?
Clear selection
Please provide details of the ceasefire (if applicable)
4. Has the pandemic worsened or alleviated conflict and violence in your country (this can include armed conflict, ethnic or tribal conflict, community conflicts such as farmer-herder conflicts, or organized crime)?
Prompt: Think about the impacts in terms of (a) aggravation or calming of existing conflicts and violence (this can include community conflicts or organized crime as well); (b) new tensions and conflicts that have emerged; (c) the ceasefire (if it exists): is it observed? Who is it monitored by?
It has significantly worsened the conflict (there is significantly more violence)
It has alleviated the conflict (there is significantly less violence)
Clear selection
Please explain your answer above. Give examples of conflicts that have been worsened or alleviated by the pandemic.
5. Has there been an increase in fake news, on online hate speech, cybercrime during the pandemic?
Clear selection
Please explain your answer above. Has the increase in fake news had an impact on women and/or security?
6. [If there are peace negotiations in your country], has the pandemic affected the peace negotiations or the implementation of peace agreement?
Prompt: Think about whether the COVID-19 pandemic has affected the efforts to build sustainable peace. (a) Are the key actors making sure that peace and meaningful participation of women remain priorities? How? (b) Has the implementation or adoption of important frameworks been delayed? Please give examples.
No impact at all - the peace processes are continuing as before
The peace negotiations and/or implementation of the peace agreement has been stopped completely
Clear selection
Please explain your answer below. Please give examples of any delays. Please give examples of how the pandemic has affected women's participation in the peace negotiations.
PART 3: Women peacebuilders’ responses to COVID-19
1. What is your organization’s or other women’s rights groups and CSOs’ response to COVID-19?
Prompt: What have you, or other women’s rights and peacebuilding organizations been doing to address the COVID-19 pandemic in your country? Please think about different types of response, including (a) distributing necessary items (e.g. food and hygiene products); (b) spreading life-saving information and countering face news; (c) monitoring the peace and security situation and preventing the increase in tensions.
Please explain your answer above and provide more details. If you selected "other", please share your response.
PART 4: Recovery from COVID-19 Crisis
1. Is there a task force or a committee dedicated to COVID-19 response or recovery in your country/community?
Prompt: Please respond Yes/No. If yes, describe the function of the taskforce & its activites to date.
1. A) If yes, is it a national or sub-national/local task force?
Clear selection
1. B) Are women represented in the task force/committee?
Clear selection
1. C) How many women are there in the COVID-19 task force/committee in your country/community?
2. In general, have women been included in decision-making about COVID-19 response & recovery?
not included at all
fully & meaningfully included
Clear selection
Please provide examples of how women have been included in decision-making at the local or national levels.
PART 5: Call to Action
1. What are your 3 recommendations to the international community to mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 crisis in your country and community—particularly on women’s rights, youth rights, gender equality, peace and security?
Prompt: Think of 3 concrete recommendations you would like to share with the international community.
2. What are your 3 recommendations to policymakers in your country for an inclusive, equitable and feminist recovery from the COVID-19 crisis?
Prompt: Think of 3 concrete recommendations you would like to share with policymakers in your country, with consideration of the health, policial, and economic crises related to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Thank you for your participation.
A copy of your responses will be emailed to the address you provided.
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