ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS / READING
• Course Overview: Grade 5 Language Arts/Reading is a rigorous course that builds and challenges students' growing language arts and reading skills with more complex texts and writing structures. Students learn how to create, support, and develop a logical flow of ideas in writing that will convey to readers a main point or message. In addition, concepts of English basics, including phonics, word origins, vocabulary, spelling, and grammar are reviewed. Course topics include:
• Prose, Sentences, and Personal Narrative
• Prose, Nouns, and Story Writing
• Drama and Verbs
• Poetry and Pronouns
• Genres, Adjectives, and Writing to Compare
• Historic Text, Adverbs, and Essay Writing
• Scientific Text and Writing a Book Review
• Technical Text, Capitalization, and Sources
• Research, Punctuation, and Reports
• Precise and Effective Writing
• Course Overview: Grade 5 Math course is designed to give students additional experience with basic mathematical operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division). Besides working with larger whole numbers, in this course students focus on performing these mathematical operations on fractions, mixed numbers, and decimals. Students are introduced to basic algebraic and geometric concepts and many other topics to provide them with a strong mathematical foundation.
• Unit 1 – Positive Numbers This unit covers addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, place value for billions and decimals, comparing and ordering whole numbers and decimals, and patterns and decimals.
• Unit 2 – Addition and Subtraction This unit discusses doing mental math using the commutative and associative properties, rounding whole numbers and decimals, estimating sums and differences, doing addition, subtraction, and multi-step story problems, and adding and subtracting whole numbers and decimals.
• Unit 3 – Multiplication This lesson explores properties of multiplication, doing mental multiplication, estimating products, multiplying by 1- and 2-digit numbers and by greater numbers, using exponents, and multiplication story problems.
• Unit 4 – Division Part 1 This unit covers dividing tens and hundreds, estimating quotients, using reasonableness, model and compute division problems, dividing by 1-digit numbers, quotients with zeros, factors, prime and composite numbers, and division story problems.
• Unit 5 – Division Part 2 This unit discusses mental division, estimating quotients with 2-digit divisors, dividing by tens, quotients with 1- and 2-digits and with decimals, estimating and dividing greater numbers, and multiple-step and missing- or extra-information story problems.
• Unit 6 – Algebraic Variables and Expressions This unit covers algebraic variables and expressions, patterns and expressions, the distributive property, order of operations, and solving problems by acting them out.
• Unit 7 – Multiplication and Division This unit discusses multiplying decimals by a power of ten, multiplying whole numbers by decimals, estimating products with whole numbers and decimals, multiplying decimals, dividing decimals by powers of ten and by whole numbers, estimating quotients for decimals and whole numbers, division with decimal divisors and dividends, and multiple step story problems.
• Unit 8 – Two-Dimensional Shapes This unit covers simple geometry concepts and measuring and classifying angles. It also explores polygons, triangles, quadrilaterals, translations, reflections, rotations, congruence, symmetry, pentomino puzzles, and correct or incorrect generalizations.
• Unit 9 – Fraction Introduction This unit offers a basic understanding of fractions, how they relate to division, fractions greater than one, writing equivalent fractions and fractions in simplest form, comparing and ordering fractions, greatest common factors, changing fractions to decimals, the number line connection between fractions and decimals, and using benchmark fractions to estimate amounts.
• Unit 10 – Add and Subtract Fractions and Mixed Numbers This unit covers adding and subtracting fractions with like denominators and with unlike denominators, and adding and subtracting mixed numbers, as well as least common multiples.
• Unit 11 – Multiply Fractions and Mixed Numbers This unit discusses multiplying a fraction by a whole number, multiplying fractions, multiplying mixed numbers, dividing a whole number by a fraction, and story problems with fractions.
• Unit 12 – Length, Perimeter, and Area This unit explores customary and metric units of length, perimeter, finding the area of squares, rectangles, parallelograms, and triangles, and the circumference of a circle, and story problems for perimeter and area.
• Unit 13 – Three-Dimensional Figures This unit discusses solids, nets, surface area and different views of solid figures, volume, area and volume of irregular shapes and solids, and solving problems using models and pictures.
• Unit 14 – Measurement, Time, and Temperature This unit covers capacity in customary and metric units, weight and mass, converting customary and metric units, elapsed time, temperature, and using a table to solve problems.
• Unit 15 – Equations and Inequalities This unit explains solving equations with addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, graphing inequalities on the number line, equations and patterns in table,s and using equations to solve problems.
• Unit 16 – Percents and Ratios This unit covers ratios, as well as percents, how percents relate to fractions and decimals, percents of whole numbers, solving percent problems using tables and patterns, outcomes, probability fractions, making predictions, and solving difficult problems using simpler problems.
• Unit 17 – Graphs This unit covers positive and negative integers, ordered pairs, distances between points, graphs of equations, and solving story problems by working backwards.
• Unit 18 – Data and Graphics This unit discusses surveys and data collection, representing data with bar graphs and picture graphs, line graphs, stem-and-leaf plots, histograms, circle graphs, mean, median, mode, range, and using different types of graphs.
• Course Overview: Grade 5 Science is an engaging and thought-provoking course covering Life, Physical, and Earth Science. The course includes lab videos where students observe experiments that demonstrate the concepts they are learning.
• Unit 1 – Classifications of Organisms This unit covers classification, including the six kingdoms of living things, taxonomy, and classifying vertebrates, invertebrates, and other organisms, such as plants.
• Unit 2 – Cells This unit discusses cells, including what cells are and how cells make up tissues, which make up organs, which make up systems. Animal and plant cells are described, as well as how cells work together. A lab on growing yeast cells is also included.
• Unit 3 – Human Body Systems This unit discusses the systems that make up the human body, with special emphasis on the circulatory, respiratory, and digestive systems, as well as the blood and the heart.
• Unit 4 – Plants This unit discusses photosynthesis, plant parts and reproduction, and how plants grow. It also includes a lab on where leaves get their color.
• Unit 5 – Ecosystems This unit covers ecosystems and their needs, land biomes, water ecosystems, the interactions of organisms, and the energy within an ecosystem. A lab about camouflage is also included.
• Unit 6 – Ecosystem Change This unit discusses how ecosystems change, how species change, and how changes affect ecosystems. A lab detailing habitat pollution is also included.
• Unit 7 – Water This unit discusses our salt- and fresh-water systems, the water cycle, and cloud formation. A special lab on frying ice is also included.
• Unit 8 – Weather This unit discusses air movement and masses, severe weather and climate, and weather instruments and forecasting. It includes a lab on high and low pressure.
• Unit 9 – The Changing Earth This unit discusses Earth's layers, earthquakes, and volcanoes, weathering compared to erosion, and identifying minerals and rocks.
• Unit 10 – The Earth's Resources This unit describes non-renewable and renewable resources and the conservation of resources.
• Unit 11 – Matter This unit discusses matter and its properties, atoms, phase changes, and mixtures compared with solutions.
• Unit 12 – Changes in Matter This unit discusses physical changes in matter, as well as chemical changes, properties, and technology.
• Unit 13 – Forces in Motion This unit covers motion, forces, and simple machines. It also presents a biography of Sir Isaac Newton and discusses his first, second, and third laws.
• Unit 14 – Energy This unit discusses energy, including sound, light, and thermal energy.
• Unit 15 – Electricity This unit covers moving charges and simple and complex circuits.
• Unit 16 – Astronomy (Stars) This unit discusses the history of Astronomy, stars, and galaxies, as well as how stars are created.
• Unit 17 – Earth's Journey in Space This unit discusses how the earth moves, the solar system, comets and asteroids, and our moon.
• Unit 18 – Technology This unit discusses technology, transportation, computers, and space.
HISTORY / SOCIAL STUDIES
• Course Overview: The Grade 5 Social Studies course covers the history of the Americas from the first Native Americans through the 21st Century. It discusses not only the historical events through these periods, but also explores the motives and mindset of the people who made them happen.
• Unit 1 – Overview of America This unit discusses the American Nation, the people of America, the concept of government by the people, the free enterprise system and why we use it, the regions and resources of the United States, how we can protect America's resources, and biographies of Madame CJ Walker and Marjory Stoneman Douglas.
• Unit 2 – The First Americans This unit discusses the early migration to America, how people survived in an ice age, climographs, mound builders, cliff dwellers, the people of the North, and the Mayan, Aztec, and Incan Empires. Also included is a biography of Nampeyo.
• Unit 3 – Native Americans This unit discusses people of the Eastern woodlands and the Cheyenne People. Also covered are what life and people are like on the Great Plains, in the Southwest Desert, and in the Northwest Coast.
• Unit 4 – The Old World This unit discusses The Silk Road; Chinese, Norse, and Portuguese exploration; the trade empire of Ghana; the Mali and Songhai empires; Norse exploration; the Renaissance; and the spread of information.
• Unit 5 – European Discovery of the New World This unit discusses the discovery of the New World, the Columbian Exchange, explorers, latitude and longitude, the Conquistadors and New Spain, the search for gold, and the society and slavery in New Spain. Also included is a biography of Bartolomé de las Casas.
• Unit 6 – Other Europeans Colonize This unit covers the lost colony, England's competition with Spain, Virginia and Jamestown, and French and Dutch colonization. Also included is a biography of John Smith.
• Unit 7 – The English Colonize This unit covers the Pilgrims colonization, the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the 13 colonies, the New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies, and a biography of William Penn.
• Unit 8 – Life in the English Colonies This unit discusses life in the English Colonies, including young workers, colonial economies, early trade routes, cities, and schools, Northern and Southern towns, The Great Awakening, no freedom of the press, slavery and the plantation, and the African resistance. Also included is a biography of Benjamin Franklin.
• Unit 9 – European Empires Expand This unit covers Spain's fight for Florida, Santa Fe, the Pueblo Revolt, the exploration of Mississippi, the French and Indian War, and Pontiac's Rebellion. Map scales are also explained.
• Unit 10 – The Road to Revolution This unit discusses British taxes, Colonial protests, the Townshend Acts, the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, the Intolerable Acts, and the Continental Congress. Also included is a biography of George Washington.
• Unit 11 – The American Revolution This unit covers the events at Lexington, Concord, and Bunker Hill, the second Continental Congress, the Declaration of Independence, the Siege at Boston, defeat at New York, and victory at Trenton and Saratoga. Also discussed are the contributions of African Americans and women, winter in Valley Forge, other nations that helped America, more battles, and the surrender of the British and the treaty. Also included are biographies of Patrick Henry and Phillis Weatley.
• Unit 12 – Early American Government This unit discusses the Articles of Confederation, Shays' Rebellion, the Rebellion in France, the Northwest Ordinance, the Constitutional Convention, the Great Compromise, the Constitution of the United States, and the Federalists versus the Anti-federalists. Also included is a biography of James Madison.
• Unit 13 – America Changes This unit discusses the first President and the first political parties in the United States, as well as the nation's capital, and the election of 1800. Also covered are the westward movement, the Louisiana Purchase, the Lewis and Clark Expedition, trouble with Britain, and the War of 1812. A biography of Sacagawea is also included.
• Unit 14 – The Road to Conflict This unit discusses abolitionism, regional differences, slavery in the South, regional perceptions of and resistance to slavery, the Underground Railroad, free African Americans, attempts at compromise, events that broadened the split, and Lincoln's election. Also included is a biography of Abraham Lincoln.
• Unit 15 – The Civil War and Reconstruction This unit discusses the secession of the south, the beginning of the war, advantages, strategies, the first major battles, the effects of technology on the war, what a soldier's life was like, the Emancipation Proclamation, African American soldiers, women and the war effort, how the North began to have victory, the surrender of the Confederacy, the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson and Reconstruction, the Constitutional Amendment, and the end of reconstruction. Also included is a biography of Robert E. Lee.
• Unit 16 – The Nation Expands West This unit discusses early efforts to connect the East Coast and the West Coast, the impact of the railroad, how to read time zones, the westward movement of the population, pioneer life on the plains, cattle drives, and how Native Americans defended their lands, but were defeated.
• Unit 17 – Industrialization and Immigrants This unit discusses inventions, inventors, and industry, the rise of oil, and how industrialization increased available jobs and encouraged immigration. Also covered are immigration stations and challenges, labor unions, labor strikes, and child labor.
• Unit 18 – Expanding Abroad This unit discusses the expansion of U.S. borders, war with Spain, reforms in the United States, and the building of the Panama Canal. Also included is a biography of Theodore Roosevelt.
• Unit 19 – Word War I and Change This unit discusses the beginning of the Great War, how technology changed war, American isolation, the ending of World War I, and effort to bring about lasting peace, the nineteenth amendment, and migration within America.
• Unit 20 – Riches to Rags This unit discusses new modes of transportation, the "Roaring Twenties," prohibition, the stock market crash, the Dust Bowl, the Great Depression, and the New Deal. Also included is a biography of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
• Unit 21 – World War II This unit discusses the events leading up to World War II, the attack at Pearl Harbor, the ending of the Great Depression, the turning of the tide, the battles for Europe and for Asia, and the cost of World War II. Also included is a biography of Dwight D. Eisenhower.
• Unit 22 – The Cold War Begins This unit discusses the post-war recovery overseas, the Korean War, the Cold War, and the Cuban Missile Crisis. Also included is a biography of John F. Kennedy.
• Unit 23 – Civil Rights for Americans This unit discusses segregation and the fight against it, the Montgomery Bus Boycott, how segregation ended, and other movements.
• Unit 24 – The Cold War Deepens This unit discusses the space race, the Vietnam War and its effects, President Richard Nixon, the tensions in the 70s, global maps, and road maps.
• Unit 25 – After the Cold War This unit discusses the end of the Cold War, Middle East conflicts, and the beginning of a new century. Also included are biographies of Ronald Reagan and Nelson Mandela.
• Unit 26 – The 21st Century This unit discusses attacks on America by terrorists, American courage, war in Afghanistan and in Iraq, and contemporary challenges.
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